1. Family: Poaceae Barnhart
    1. Genus: Calamagrostis Adans.
      1. Calamagrostis parsana (Bor) M.Dogan

        This species is accepted, and its native range is SE. Turkey, N. Iran.

    [GB]
    Habit
    Perennial; caespitose. Rhizomes absent. Culms erect, or geniculately ascending; 15-30 cm long. Lateral branches lacking. Leaf-sheaths scaberulous; glabrous on surface. Ligule an eciliate membrane; 2-3 mm long; erose, or lacerate. Leaf-blades 4-16 cm long; 1.2-1.8 mm wide. Leaf-blade surface smooth, or scaberulous; glabrous; hairless throughout. Leaf-blade apex attenuate.
    Inflorescences
    Inflorescence a panicle. Panicle open; oblong; 2-6 cm long; 0.5-1 cm wide. Primary panicle branches ascending; 0.3-0.6 cm long. Spikelets solitary. Fertile spikelets pedicelled. Pedicels 0.6-2 mm long.
    Spikelets
    Spikelets comprising 1 fertile florets; with a barren rhachilla extension. Spikelets lanceolate; laterally compressed; 5-5.5 mm long; breaking up at maturity; disarticulating below each fertile floret. Floret callus bearded. Floret callus hairs 0.5 length of lemma.
    Fertile
    Spikelets comprising 1 fertile florets; with a barren rhachilla extension. Spikelets lanceolate; laterally compressed; 5-5.5 mm long; breaking up at maturity; disarticulating below each fertile floret. Floret callus bearded. Floret callus hairs 0.5 length of lemma.
    Glume
    Glumes persistent; similar; exceeding apex of florets; firmer than fertile lemma; gaping. Lower glume lanceolate; 4-4.5 mm long; 0.75-0.8 length of upper glume; membranous; purple; 1-keeled; 1 -veined. Lower glume lateral veins absent. Lower glume apex acuminate; awned; 1 -awned. Lower glume awn 1-1.5 mm long. Upper glume lanceolate; 5-5.5 mm long; 1.2-1.4 length of adjacent fertile lemma; membranous; purple; 1-keeled; 3 -veined. Upper glume apex acuminate; awned; 1 -awned. Upper glume awn 1-1.5 mm long.
    Florets
    Fertile lemma oblong; 3.5-4.5 mm long; membranous; without keel; 5 -veined. Lemma apex dentate; 2 -fid; truncate; awned; 1 -awned. Principal lemma awn dorsal; arising 0.1 way up back of lemma; geniculate; 5.5-7.5 mm long overall; with twisted column. Palea hyaline; 2 -veined. Rhachilla extension pilose.
    Flowers
    Lodicules 2. Anthers 3; 2.2 mm long. Stigmas 2.
    Fruits
    Caryopsis with adherent pericarp. Hilum punctiform.
    Distribution
    Asia-temperate: western Asia.
    Reference
    Aveneae. Fl Pak 1993.

    Images

    Distribution

    Native to:

    Iran, Turkey

    Calamagrostis parsana (Bor) M.Dogan appears in other Kew resources:

    Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
    Jan 1, 1947 Parsa, A. [s.n.], Iran K000838310 Unknown type material

    First published in Notes Roy. Bot. Gard. Edinburgh 40: 86 (1982)

    Accepted by

    • Clayton, W.D., Harman, K.T. & Williamson, H. (2006). World Grass Species - Synonymy database The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Davis, P.H. (ed.) (1985). Flora of Turkey and the East Aegean Islands 9: 1-724. Edinburgh University Press, Edinburgh.

    Literature

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    • Davis, P.H. (ed.) (1985). Flora of Turkey and the East Aegean Islands 9: 1-724. Edinburgh University Press, Edinburgh.

    Sources

    GrassBase - The Online World Grass Flora
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
    'The Herbarium Catalogue, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet http://www.kew.org/herbcat [accessed on Day Month Year]'. Please enter the date on which you consulted the system.
    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2020. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2020. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0