1. Family: Poaceae Barnhart
    1. Genus: Elymus L.
      1. Elymus borianus (Melderis) Cope

        This species is accepted, and its native range is Pakistan to W. Himalaya.

    [GB]
    Habit
    Perennial; caespitose. Culms erect; 35-100 cm long. Leaf-sheath auricles falcate. Ligule an eciliate membrane. Leaf-blades 10-22 cm long; 4.5-6 mm wide. Leaf-blade surface glabrous, or pilose; sparsely hairy; hairy adaxially.
    Inflorescences
    Inflorescence composed of racemes. Racemes 1; single; bilateral; 12-17 cm long. Rhachis flattened; ciliate on margins. Spikelet packing broadside to rhachis. Spikelets solitary. Fertile spikelets sessile.
    Spikelets
    Spikelets comprising 3-5 fertile florets; with diminished florets at the apex. Spikelets elliptic to oblong; laterally compressed; 12-17 mm long; breaking up at maturity; disarticulating below each fertile floret.
    Fertile
    Spikelets comprising 3-5 fertile florets; with diminished florets at the apex. Spikelets elliptic to oblong; laterally compressed; 12-17 mm long; breaking up at maturity; disarticulating below each fertile floret.
    Glume
    Glumes similar; shorter than spikelet. Lower glume elliptic, or oblong; 8-11 mm long; 1 length of upper glume; coriaceous; without keels; 7 -veined. Lower glume lateral veins ribbed. Lower glume surface scabrous; rough on veins. Lower glume apex acute; awned; 1 -awned. Lower glume awn 2-4.5 mm long. Upper glume elliptic, or oblong; 8-11 mm long; 1-1.2 length of adjacent fertile lemma; coriaceous; without keels; 7 -veined. Upper glume lateral veins ribbed. Upper glume surface scabrous; rough on veins. Upper glume apex acute; awned; 1 -awned. Upper glume awn 2-4.5 mm long.
    Florets
    Fertile lemma lanceolate, or elliptic; 8-9.5 mm long; coriaceous; keeled; keeled above; 5 -veined. Lemma margins ciliate; hairy above. Lemma apex emarginate, or obtuse; awned; 1 -awned. Principal lemma awn 12-20 mm long overall. Palea 1 length of lemma. Apical sterile florets resembling fertile though underdeveloped.
    Flowers
    Lodicules 2; elliptic; membranous. Anthers 3; 4-5.5 mm long. Stigmas 2. Ovary pubescent on apex.
    Fruits
    Caryopsis with adherent pericarp.
    Distribution
    Asia-tropical: India.
    Reference
    Triticeae. Fl Pak 1993.

    Images

    Distribution

    Native to:

    Pakistan, West Himalaya

    Elymus borianus (Melderis) Cope appears in other Kew resources:

    Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
    Rahman, A. [229], Pakistan K000032409 holotype
    Rahman, A. [239], Pakistan K000032410 paratype

    First published in Fl. Pakistan 143: 617 (1982)

    Accepted by

    • Kandwal, M.K. & Gupta, B.K. (2009). An update on grass flora of Uttarkhand Indian Journal of Forestry 32: 657-668.
    • Clayton, W.D., Harman, K.T. & Williamson, H. (2006). World Grass Species - Synonymy database The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Karthikeyan, S., Jain, S.K., Nayar, M.P. & Sanjappa, M. (1989). Florae Indicae Enumeratio: Monocotyledonae: 1-435. Botanical Survey of India, Calcutta.
    • Cope, T.A. (1982). Flora of Pakistan 143: 1-678. Department of Botany, University of Karachi, Karachi.

    Literature

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    • Kandwal, M.K. & Gupta, B.K. (2009). An update on grass flora of Uttarkhand Indian Journal of Forestry 32: 657-668.
    • Bor, N.L. (1970). Flora Iranica 70: 1-573. Naturhistorisches Museums Wien.

    Sources

    GrassBase - The Online World Grass Flora
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
    'The Herbarium Catalogue, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet http://www.kew.org/herbcat [accessed on Day Month Year]'. Please enter the date on which you consulted the system.
    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2020. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2020. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0