1. Family: Poaceae Barnhart
    1. Genus: Elymus L.
      1. Elymus kuramensis (Melderis) Cope

        This species is accepted, and its native range is Pakistan to W. Himalaya.

    [GB]
    Habit
    Perennial; caespitose. Culms erect; 30-70 cm long; 3 -noded. Culm-internodes distally pubescent. Culm-nodes pubescent. Leaf-sheaths puberulous; outer margin hairy. Ligule an eciliate membrane; 0.2-0.4 mm long; pubescent on abaxial surface; lacerate; truncate. Leaf-blades 6-14 cm long; 2-2.5 mm wide; glaucous. Leaf-blade surface pilose; sparsely hairy; hairy adaxially. Leaf-blade margins scaberulous. Leaf-blade apex acuminate.
    Inflorescences
    Inflorescence composed of racemes. Peduncle smooth; glabrous. Racemes 1; single; erect, or drooping; bilateral; 3-9.5 cm long. Rhachis flattened; glabrous on surface; ciliate on margins. Spikelet packing broadside to rhachis; lax. Spikelets solitary. Fertile spikelets sessile.
    Spikelets
    Spikelets comprising 3 fertile florets; with diminished florets at the apex. Spikelets lanceolate; laterally compressed; 10-13 mm long; falling entire. Spikelet callus base truncate. Rhachilla internodes scaberulous.
    Fertile
    Spikelets comprising 3 fertile florets; with diminished florets at the apex. Spikelets lanceolate; laterally compressed; 10-13 mm long; falling entire. Spikelet callus base truncate. Rhachilla internodes scaberulous.
    Glume
    Glumes similar; shorter than spikelet. Lower glume lanceolate; 5-6 mm long; 0.75 length of upper glume; coriaceous; much thinner on margins; without keels; 1-5 -veined. Lower glume surface asperulous; rough on veins. Lower glume apex acute; muticous, or mucronate. Upper glume lanceolate; 6-8 mm long; 1 length of adjacent fertile lemma; coriaceous; with scarious margins; without keels; 1-5 -veined. Upper glume surface asperulous; rough on veins. Upper glume apex acute; muticous, or mucronate.
    Florets
    Fertile lemma lanceolate, or oblong; 6-8 mm long; coriaceous; keeled; keeled above; 5 -veined. Lemma surface scabrous; rough above. Lemma apex acute; awned; 1 -awned. Principal lemma awn 9-15 mm long overall. Palea 1 length of lemma; 2 -veined. Palea keels ciliolate; adorned above. Palea surface puberulous; hairy on back; hairy above. Palea apex obtuse. Apical sterile florets resembling fertile though underdeveloped.
    Flowers
    Lodicules 2; membranous. Anthers 3; 2 mm long. Stigmas 2.
    Fruits
    Caryopsis with adherent pericarp.
    Distribution
    Asia-tropical: India.
    Reference
    Triticeae. Bor 1997.

    Images

    Distribution

    Native to:

    Pakistan, West Himalaya

    Elymus kuramensis (Melderis) Cope appears in other Kew resources:

    Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
    Aitchison, J.E.T. [709], Pakistan Agropyron kuramense K000032427 holotype

    First published in Fl. Pakistan 143: 617 (1982)

    Accepted by

    • Clayton, W.D., Harman, K.T. & Williamson, H. (2006). World Grass Species - Synonymy database The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Cope, T.A. (1982). Flora of Pakistan 143: 1-678. Department of Botany, University of Karachi, Karachi.

    Literature

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    • Bor, N.L. (1970). Flora Iranica 70: 1-573. Naturhistorisches Museums Wien.

    Sources

    GrassBase - The Online World Grass Flora
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
    'The Herbarium Catalogue, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet http://www.kew.org/herbcat [accessed on Day Month Year]'. Please enter the date on which you consulted the system.
    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2020. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2020. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0