1. Family: Poaceae Barnhart
    1. Genus: Harpochloa Kunth
      1. Harpochloa pseudoharpechloa (Chiov.) Clayton

        This species is accepted, and its native range is S. DR Congo to S. Tropical Africa.

    [FZ]

    Gramineae, T. Cope. Flora Zambesiaca 10:2. 1999

    Habit
    Stout rhizomatous perennial up to 120 cm tall; leaf laminas 5–30 cm × 1–2 mm, tightly folded or involute.
    Inflorescences
    Raceme 3–7 cm long, erect, usually curved.
    Spikelets
    Spikelets 6.8–7 mm long; glumes glabrous, the inferior c. 4 mm long, the superior as long as the spikelet; fertile lemma almost as long as the spikelet, pilose on the keel and lateral nerves; 2nd lemma 4.5–5 mm long; 3rd lemma greatly reduced.
    [GB]
    Habit
    Perennial; caespitose. Butt sheaths persistent and investing base of culm; with compacted dead sheaths. Culms 70-120 cm long. Ligule a ciliolate membrane. Leaf-blades filiform; conduplicate; 10-30 cm long; 1-2 mm wide; coriaceous; stiff.
    Inflorescences
    Inflorescence composed of racemes; exserted, or embraced at base by subtending leaf. Racemes 1; single; arcuate; unilateral; 4-7 cm long. Rhachis semiterete; ciliate on margins; terminating in a barren extension; extension subulate. Spikelet packing broadside to rhachis; crowded; regular; 2 -rowed. Spikelets pectinate; solitary. Fertile spikelets sessile.
    Spikelets
    Spikelets comprising 1 fertile florets; with diminished florets at the apex. Spikelets lanceolate; laterally compressed; 6-8 mm long; breaking up at maturity; disarticulating below each fertile floret.
    Fertile
    Spikelets comprising 1 fertile florets; with diminished florets at the apex. Spikelets lanceolate; laterally compressed; 6-8 mm long; breaking up at maturity; disarticulating below each fertile floret.
    Glume
    Glumes lower persistent, upper deciduous; dissimilar; reaching apex of florets; thinner than fertile lemma; parallel to lemmas. Lower glume ovate; 4-6 mm long; 0.66-0.75 length of upper glume; hyaline; 1-keeled; 1 -veined. Lower glume lateral veins absent. Lower glume apex acute. Upper glume elliptic; 6-8 mm long; 1 length of adjacent fertile lemma; hyaline; 1-keeled; 1 -veined. Upper glume lateral veins absent. Upper glume apex acute.
    Florets
    Fertile lemma ovate; laterally compressed; 6-8 mm long; chartaceous; keeled; 3 -veined. Lemma midvein ciliate. Lemma margins ciliate. Lemma apex emarginate. Palea 0.8-0.9 length of lemma. Apical sterile florets 2 in number; dissimilar. First apical floret male; oblong; 5 mm long; glabrous; muticous. Apical sterile florets barren; cuneate; 0.5 mm long. Apical sterile lemmas glabrous.
    Fruits
    Caryopsis with adherent pericarp.
    Distribution
    Africa: west-central tropical and southern tropical.
    Reference
    Cynodonteae. WDC.

    Distribution

    Native to:

    Angola, Zambia, Zaïre

    Harpochloa pseudoharpechloa (Chiov.) Clayton appears in other Kew resources:

    First published in Kew Bull. 37: 419 (1982)

    Accepted by

    • Figueiredo, E. & Smith, G.F. (2008). Plants of Angola Strelitzia 22: 1-279. National Botanical Institute, Pretoria.
    • Clayton, W.D., Harman, K.T. & Williamson, H. (2006). World Grass Species - Synonymy database The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Cope, T. (1999). Flora Zambesiaca 10(2): 1-261. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.

    Literature

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    • Figueiredo, E. & Smith, G.F. (2008). Plants of Angola Strelitzia 22: 1-279. National Botanical Institute, Pretoria.
    • Cope, T. (1999). Flora Zambesiaca 10(2): 1-261. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.

    Sources

    Flora Zambesiaca
    Flora Zambesiaca
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    GrassBase - The Online World Grass Flora
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2020. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2020. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0