1. Family: Moraceae Gaudich.
    1. Genus: Milicia Sim
      1. Milicia excelsa (Welw.) C.C.Berg

        This species is accepted, and its native range is Tropical Africa.

    [FTEA]

    Moraceae, C.C. Berg (University of Bergen). Flora of Tropical East Africa. 1989

    Habit
    Tree up to 30(–50) m. tall.
    Leaves
    Lamina coriaceous, when juvenile chartaceous, elliptic to oblong, 6–20(–33) × 3.5–10(–1 2) cm., apex acuminate, base cordate to obtuse, margin subentire to repand, when juvenile serrate- to crenate-dentate, upper surface glabrous or puberulous to pubescent on the main nerves, when juvenile often scabridulous, lower surface densely puberulous on the vein-reticulum, pubescent, puberulous or almost glabrous on the main veins, when juvenile the whole surface hirtellous to tomentose; lateral veins 10–22 pairs, tertiary venation partly scalariform; petiole 1–5 cm. long; stipules 0.5–5 cm. long, caducous.
    Inflorescences
    Staminate inflorescences:spike 8–20 cm. long, ± 0.5 cm. in diameter; peduncle 0.5–2.5 cm. long. Pistillate inflorescences:spike 2–3(–5 in fruit) cm. long, 0.5(–1.5 in fruit) cm. in diameter; stigmas up to 7 mm. long.
    Male
    Staminate inflorescences:spike 8–20 cm. long, ± 0.5 cm. in diameter; peduncle 0.5–2.5 cm. long.
    Female
    Pistillate inflorescences:spike 2–3(–5 in fruit) cm. long, 0.5(–1.5 in fruit) cm. in diameter; stigmas up to 7 mm. long.
    Fruits
    Fruit ellipsoid, 2.5–3 mm. long.
    Figures
    Fig. 2.
    Habitat
    A secondary tree of rain-forest, lowland evergreen forest, riverine and ground-water forest, sometimes left in old cultivated areas; 0–1350 m.
    Distribution
    K4 K5 K7 P T1 T2 T3 T4 T6 T7 T8 U1 U2 U4 Guinea Bissau to SW. Ethiopia, south to Angola, Mozambique, Malawi and E. Zimbabwe
    [FZ]

    Moraceae, C. C. Berg. Flora Zambesiaca 9:6. 1991

    Habit
    Tree up to 30(50) m. tall.
    Leaves
    Leaf lamina elliptic to oblong, 6–20(33) x 3.5–10(12) cm., subcoriaceous, chartaceous when juvenile, apex acuminate, base cordate to obtuse, margin subentire to repand, when juvenile serrate to crenate-dentate; superior surface glabrous or puberulous to pubescent on the main veins, when juvenile often scabridulous; inferior surface densely puberulous on the reticulum, pubescent to puberulous or almost glabrous on the main veins, when juvenile the whole surface hirtellous to tomentose; lateral veins 10–22 pairs, tertiary venation partly perpendicular to the lateral veins: petiole 1–5 cm. long; stipules 0.5–5 cm. long, caducous.
    Male
    Staminate inflorescences: spike 8–20 cm. long, c. 0.5 cm. in diam., peduncle 0.5–2.5 cm. long.
    Inflorescences
    Pistillate inflorescences: spike 2–3 cm. long, c. 0.5 cm. in diam. (to 5 x 1.5 cm. in fruit); stigmas up to 7 mm. long. Staminate inflorescences: spike 8–20 cm. long, c. 0.5 cm. in diam., peduncle 0.5–2.5 cm. long.
    Female
    Pistillate inflorescences: spike 2–3 cm. long, c. 0.5 cm. in diam. (to 5 x 1.5 cm. in fruit); stigmas up to 7 mm. long.
    Fruits
    Fruit ellipsoid, 2.5–3 mm. long.
    [FWTA]

    Moraceae, Hutchinson and Dalziel. Flora of West Tropical Africa 1:2. 1958

    Bole
    Bole up to 75 ft. or more, shortly buttressed
    Bark
    Smooth bark becoming brown and scaling
    Slash
    Slash with whitish latex
    Note
    Dioecious.
    Habit
    A large forest tree, to 160 ft. high

    Images

    Distribution

    Native to:

    Angola, Benin, Burkina, Burundi, Cameroon, Central African Repu, Congo, Ethiopia, Gabon, Gambia, Ghana, Guinea, Guinea-Bissau, Gulf of Guinea Is., Ivory Coast, Kenya, Liberia, Malawi, Mozambique, Nigeria, Sudan, Tanzania, Togo, Uganda, Zaïre, Zimbabwe

    Introduced into:

    India, Trinidad-Tobago

    Milicia excelsa (Welw.) C.C.Berg appears in other Kew resources:

    Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
    Jun 1, 2006 Cheek, M. [11903], Cameroon K000339900
    Jun 1, 2006 Onana, J.-M. [2885], Cameroon K000339907
    Mar 1, 2006 Etuge, M. [5151], Cameroon K000339898
    Jun 1, 2002 Cheek, M. [9296], Cameroon K000026740
    Jan 1, 1998 Thomas, D.W. [10076], Cameroon K000011804
    Feb 19, 1991 Salubeni, A.J. [1158], Malawi K000049676
    Jan 1, 1978 Mann, G. [705], Cameroon K000181452
    Jan 1, 1978 Mann, G. [705], Cameroon K000181453
    Jan 1, 1978 Rosevear, D. R. [7337], Cameroon K000181451
    Chevalier, A. [24,236] K000243085 isotype
    Polhill, R.M. [4958A], Tanzania K000049692
    Haerdi, F. [356/0], Tanzania K000049699
    Styles, B.T. [223], Uganda K000049689
    Styles, B.T. [103], Uganda K000049688
    Styles, B.T. [103], Uganda K000049687
    Greenway, P. [10958], Tanzania K000049693
    Faden, R.B. [77/353], Kenya K000049691
    Richards, H.M. [18352], Tanzania K000049695
    Richards, H.M. [18352], Tanzania K000049694
    Welw. [1559], Angola K000049686 isotype
    Goldsmith, B. [84/66], Zimbabwe K000049683
    Goldsmith, B. [84/66], Zimbabwe K000049682
    West, O. [7611], Zimbabwe K000049684
    Honey, T. [680], Mozambique K000049679
    Williamson, L. [187], Gabon K000618247
    Webber, C.W. [433], Kenya K000049690
    Müller, T. [1140], Zimbabwe K000049681
    Pirozynski, K.A. [P482], Tanzania K000049697
    Pirozynski, K.A. [P482], Tanzania K000049696
    Morris-Goodall, Jane [F.P.64], Tanzania K000049698
    Sherry, B.Y. [174.70], Zimbabwe K000049685
    Gomes Pedro, J. [4463], Mozambique K000049680
    Gomes, A.F. [1674], Mozambique K000049677
    Gomes, A.F. [1674], Mozambique K000049678
    Styles, B.T. [55], Uganda Chlorophora excelsa 25694.049
    White, M.G., Nigeria Chlorophora excelsa 25897.000

    First published in Bull. Jard. Bot. Natl. Belg. 52: 227 (1982)

    Accepted by

    • Baksh-Comeau, Y., Maharaj, S.S., Adams, C.D., Harris, S.A., Filer, D.L. & Hawthorne, W.D. (2016). An annotated checklist of the vascular plants of Trinidad and Tobago with analysis of vegetation types and botanical 'hotspots' Phytotaxa 250: 1-431.
    • Darbyshire, I., Kordofani, M., Farag, I., Candiga, R. & Pickering, H. (eds.) (2015). The Plants of Sudan and South Sudan: 1-400. Kew publishing, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Thiombiano, A., Schmidt, M., Dressler, S., Ouédraogo, A., Hahn, K. & Zizka, G. (2012). Catalogue des plantes vasculaires du Burkina Faso Boissiera 65: 1-391.
    • Kalema, J. & Beentje, H. (2012). Conservation checklist of the trees of Uganda: 1-235. Kew Publishing, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Fischer, E., Rembold, K., Althof, A. & Obholzer, J. (2010). Annotated checklist of the vascular plants of Kakamega forest, Western province, Kenya Journal of East African Natural History 99: 129-226.
    • Lejoy, J., Ndjele, M.-B. & Geerinck, D. (2010). Catalogue-flore des plantes vasculaires des districts de Kisangani et de la Tshopo (RD Congo) Taxonomania 30: 1-307.
    • Lisowski, S. (2009). Flore (Angiospermes) de la République de Guinée Scripta Botanica Belgica 41: 1-517.
    • Figueiredo, E. & Smith, G.F. (2008). Plants of Angola Strelitzia 22: 1-279. National Botanical Institute, Pretoria.
    • Akoègninou, A., van der Burg, W.J. & van der Maesen, L.J.G. (eds.) (2006). Flore Analytique du Bénin: 1-1034. Backhuys Publishers.
    • Launert, E. & Cope, G.V. (eds.) (1991). Flora Zambesiaca 9(6): 1-135. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Hedberg, I. & Edwards, S. (eds.) (1989 publ. 1990). Flora of Ethiopia and Eritrea 3: 1-659. The National Herbarium, Addis Ababa University, Ethiopia & The Department of Systematic Botany, Upps.
    • Berg, C.C. & Hijman, M.E.E. (1989). Flora of Tropical East Africa, Moraceae: 1-95.

    Literature

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    • Baksh-Comeau, Y., Maharaj, S.S., Adams, C.D., Harris, S.A., Filer, D.L. & Hawthorne, W.D. (2016). An annotated checklist of the vascular plants of Trinidad and Tobago with analysis of vegetation types and botanical 'hotspots' Phytotaxa 250: 1-431.
    • Thiombiano, A., Schmidt, M., Dressler, S., Ouédraogo, A., Hahn, K. & Zizka, G. (2012). Catalogue des plantes vasculaires du Burkina Faso Boissiera 65: 1-391.
    • Fischer, E., Rembold, K., Althof, A. & Obholzer, J. (2010). Annotated checklist of the vascular plants of Kakamega forest, Western province, Kenya Journal of East African Natural History 99: 129-226.
    • Lejoy, J., Ndjele, M.-B. & Geerinck, D. (2010). Catalogue-flore des plantes vasculaires des districts de Kisangani et de la Tshopo (RD Congo) Taxonomania 30: 1-307.
    • Lisowski, S. (2009). Flore (Angiospermes) de la République de Guinée Scripta Botanica Belgica 41: 1-517.
    • Figueiredo, E. & Smith, G.F. (2008). Plants of Angola Strelitzia 22: 1-279. National Botanical Institute, Pretoria.
    • Sita, P. & Moutsambote, J.-M. (2005). Catalogue des plantes vasculaires du Congo, ed. sept. 2005: 1-158. ORSTOM, Centre de Brazzaville.
    • Jones, M. (1991). A checklist of Gambian plants: 1-33. Michael Jones, The Gambia College.
    • Hutchinson, J., Dalziel, J.M. & Keay, R.W.J. (1954-1958). Flora of West Tropical Africa, ed. 2, 1: 1-828.
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    • C.C. Berg in Fl. Cameroun 28: 9, t. 2 (1985).
    • C.C. Berg in Bulletin du Jardin Botanique National de Belgique 52: 227 (1982)

    Sources

    Flora Zambesiaca
    Flora Zambesiaca
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Flora of West Tropical Africa
    Flora of West Tropical Africa
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
    'The Herbarium Catalogue, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet http://www.kew.org/herbcat [accessed on Day Month Year]'. Please enter the date on which you consulted the system.
    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0