1. Family: Poaceae Barnhart
    1. Genus: Chimonobambusa Makino
      1. Chimonobambusa armata (Gamble) Hsueh & T.P.Yi

        This species is accepted, and its native range is Arunachal Pradesh to China (Yunnan).

    [GB]
    Habit
    Perennial. Rhizomes elongated; leptomorph. Culms erect; 500-900(-1200) cm long; 35-50(-80) mm diam.; woody; with root thorns from the nodes. Culm-internodes quadrangular; thin-walled; 12-20 cm long; mid-green; smooth, or scaberulous; distally glabrous. Culm-nodes flush with internodes; pubescent. Lateral branches dendroid. Branch complement three; in a horizontal line; with subequal branches; thinner than stem. Culm-sheaths tardily deciduous; 1-1.1 length of internode; chartaceous; green and purple; distinctly mottled with last colour; pilose; hairy on margins; without auricles; glabrous on shoulders. Culm-sheath ligule 2-3 mm high; ciliate. Culm-sheath blade triangular; erect; 0.5-1.3 cm long; pubescent. Leaves cauline; 3-5 per branch. Leaf-sheaths striately veined; glabrous on surface. Leaf-sheath oral hairs scanty. Ligule a ciliolate membrane. Collar with external ligule. Leaf-blade base with a brief petiole-like connection to sheath. Leaf-blades persistent; lanceolate, or oblong; 15-23 cm long; 20-30 mm wide; light green. Leaf-blade venation with 12 secondary veins; with distinct cross veins. Leaf-blade surface scaberulous; rough abaxially; pubescent; hairy adaxially. Leaf-blade margins scabrous. Leaf-blade apex acuminate.
    Inflorescences
    Synflorescence bractiferous; scanty; with glumaceous subtending bracts; with axillary buds at base of spikelet. Fertile spikelets sessile.
    Spikelets
    Spikelets comprising 7-10 fertile florets; with diminished florets at the apex. Spikelets linear; laterally compressed; 50-80 mm long; breaking up at maturity; disarticulating below each fertile floret.
    Fertile
    Spikelets comprising 7-10 fertile florets; with diminished florets at the apex. Spikelets linear; laterally compressed; 50-80 mm long; breaking up at maturity; disarticulating below each fertile floret.
    Glume
    Glumes several; 3-4 empty glumes; persistent; similar; shorter than spikelet. Lower glume lanceolate; membranous; without keels. Lower glume apex acute. Upper glume lanceolate; membranous; without keels. Upper glume apex acute.
    Florets
    Fertile lemma ovate; 8-9 mm long; chartaceous; without keel; 7-9 -veined. Lemma lateral veins with cross-veins. Lemma apex acute. Palea 1 length of lemma. Palea apex entire, or dentate; 2 -fid. Apical sterile florets resembling fertile though underdeveloped.
    Flowers
    Lodicules 3; membranous; ciliate. Anthers 3. Stigmas 2.
    Fruits
    Caryopsis with fleshy pericarp. Endosperm evanescent.
    Distribution
    Asia-temperate: China. Asia-tropical: India.
    Reference
    Bambuseae. Wen 1996.

    Images

    Distribution

    Native to:

    China South-Central, East Himalaya, Myanmar, Tibet

    Chimonobambusa armata (Gamble) Hsueh & T.P.Yi appears in other Kew resources:

    Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
    May 20, 1988 Oliver, J.W. [s.n.], Myanmar K000307533 Unknown type material
    May 20, 1988 Oliver, J.W. [s.n.], Myanmar K000307534 Unknown type material
    May 20, 1988 Oliver, J.W. [s.n.], Myanmar K000307535 Unknown type material
    May 20, 1988 Oliver, J.W. [15], Myanmar K000307536 Unknown type material

    First published in J. Bamboo Res. 2(1): 38 (1983)

    Accepted by

    • Taj, R.K. & al. (2009 publ. 2010). Four new records of bamboos to India from Arunachal Pradesh Bulletin of Arunachal Forest Research 25: 14-17.
    • Wu, Z. & Raven, P.H. (eds.) (2006). Poaceae Flora of China 22: 1-733. Missouri Botanical Garden Press, St. Louis.
    • Clayton, W.D., Harman, K.T. & Williamson, H. (2006). World Grass Species - Synonymy database The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Kress, W.J., DeFilipps, R.A., Farr, E. & Kyi, D.Y.Y. (2003). A Checklist of the Trees, Shrubs, Herbs and Climbers of Myanmar Contributions from the United States National Herbarium 45: 1-590.

    Literature

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    • Wu, Z. & Raven, P.H. (eds.) (2006). Poaceae Flora of China 22: 1-733. Missouri Botanical Garden Press, St. Louis.
    • Karthikeyan, S., Jain, S.K., Nayar, M.P. & Sanjappa, M. (1989). Florae Indicae Enumeratio: Monocotyledonae: 1-435. Botanical Survey of India, Calcutta.

    Sources

    GrassBase - The Online World Grass Flora
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
    'The Herbarium Catalogue, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet http://www.kew.org/herbcat [accessed on Day Month Year]'. Please enter the date on which you consulted the system.
    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2020. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2020. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0