1. Family: Poaceae Barnhart
    1. Genus: Miscanthus Andersson
      1. Miscanthus ecklonii (Nees) Mabb.

        This species is accepted, and its native range is S. Tropical & S. Africa.

    [GB]
    Habit
    Perennial; caespitose. Rhizomes absent, or short. Culms erect; 100-400 cm long. Leaf-sheath oral hairs ciliate. Ligule a ciliolate membrane; 1.5-2.5 mm long. Leaf-blade base tapering to the midrib, or simple. Leaf-blades 20-90 cm long; 4-15(-25) mm wide; glaucous. Leaf-blade midrib widened. Leaf-blade surface glabrous, or puberulous. Leaf-blade apex acute.
    Inflorescences
    Inflorescence a panicle with branches tipped by a raceme. Peduncle glabrous, or pubescent above. Panicle open, or contracted; linear, or oblong; 20-45 cm long. Racemes 1-7 cm long. Rhachis tough; subterete. Rhachis internodes filiform. Spikelets in pairs. Fertile spikelets pedicelled; 2 in the cluster. Pedicels filiform; unequal.
    Spikelets
    Spikelets comprising 1 basal sterile florets; 1 fertile florets; without rhachilla extension. Spikelets lanceolate; dorsally compressed; 3-6 mm long; falling entire. Spikelet callus bearded; base truncate. Spikelet callus hairs white; 0.25-0.33 length of spikelet.
    Fertile
    Spikelets comprising 1 basal sterile florets; 1 fertile florets; without rhachilla extension. Spikelets lanceolate; dorsally compressed; 3-6 mm long; falling entire. Spikelet callus bearded; base truncate. Spikelet callus hairs white; 0.25-0.33 length of spikelet.
    Glume
    Glumes similar; exceeding apex of florets; firmer than fertile lemma. Lower glume oblong; 1 length of spikelet; coriaceous; without keels; 5 -veined. Lower glume surface flat; pilose. Lower glume apex dentate; 2 -fid. Upper glume lanceolate; without keels; 5 -veined. Upper glume surface pilose. Upper glume apex acute.
    Florets
    Basal sterile florets barren; without significant palea. Lemma of lower sterile floret oblong; 0.9 length of spikelet; hyaline; 1 -veined; without lateral veins; ciliolate on margins; acute. Fertile lemma lanceolate; 1-2.5 mm long; hyaline; without keel; 1-3 -veined. Lemma margins ciliolate; hairy above. Lemma apex entire, or dentate; 2 -fid; muticous, or awned; 1 -awned. Principal lemma awn from a sinus; straight, or geniculate; 2-8 mm long overall; with a straight or slightly twisted column. Palea absent or minute.
    Flowers
    Anthers 3.
    Distribution
    Africa: southern tropical and south.
    Reference
    Andropogoneae. FZ.
    [FZ]

    Gramineae, T. A. Cope. Flora Zambesiaca 10:4. 2002

    Habit
    Caespitose perennial.
    Culms
    Culms 150–400 cm high.
    Leaf lamina
    Leaf laminas 4–15(25) mm wide, narrowing to the midrib near the base.
    Inflorescences
    Panicle 20–40 cm long, narrowly oblong to narrowly ovate, bearing racemes 1–7 cm long.
    Spikelets
    Spikelets 3–6 mm long; callus beard 1/4–1/3 the length of the spikelet, less prominent than the glume hairs.
    Glume
    Inferior glume densely pilose.
    Inferior
    Inferior glume densely pilose.
    Lemma
    Superior lemma entire and awnless, or bidentate and bearing a straight or weakly geniculate awn up to 7 mm long.
    Superior
    Superior lemma entire and awnless, or bidentate and bearing a straight or weakly geniculate awn up to 7 mm long.

    Images

    Distribution

    Doubtfully present in:

    Swaziland

    Native to:

    Angola, Cape Provinces, Free State, KwaZulu-Natal, Lesotho, Zambia, Zimbabwe

    Miscanthus ecklonii (Nees) Mabb. appears in other Kew resources:

    Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
    South Africa K000280748
    Buchanan [270], South Africa K000280756 Unknown type material
    Buchanan [103], South Africa K000280755 Unknown type material
    Buchanan [272], South Africa K000280754 Unknown type material
    Gerrard, W.T. [689], South Africa K000280753 Unknown type material
    Gerrard, W.T., South Africa K000280752 Unknown type material
    Buchanan, J. [45], South Africa K000280751 syntype
    Drège, South Africa K000280747 Unknown type material
    Drège, South Africa K000280749 Unknown type material
    Drège, South Africa K000280757 Unknown type material
    Ecklon [621], South Africa K000280750 Unknown type material
    Kotze, P.C. [246], South Africa K000280743 holotype
    Kotze, P.C. [246], South Africa K000280742 Unknown type material

    First published in Taxon 33: 442 (1984)

    Accepted by

    • Clayton, W.D., Harman, K.T. & Williamson, H. (2006). World Grass Species - Synonymy database The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.

    Literature

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    • Figueiredo, E. & Smith, G.F. (2008). Plants of Angola Strelitzia 22: 1-279. National Botanical Institute, Pretoria.
    • Germishuizen, G. & Meyer, N.L. (eds.) (2003). Plants of Southern Africa: an annotated checklist. Strelitzia 14.: i-vi, 1-1231. National Botanical Institute, Pretoria.
    • Cope, T.A. (2002). Flora Zambesiaca 10(4): 1-190. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.

    Sources

    Flora Zambesiaca
    Flora Zambesiaca
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    GrassBase - The Online World Grass Flora
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
    'The Herbarium Catalogue, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet http://www.kew.org/herbcat [accessed on Day Month Year]'. Please enter the date on which you consulted the system.
    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2020. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2020. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0