1. Family: Plantaginaceae Juss.
    1. Genus: Nanorrhinum Betsche
      1. Nanorrhinum ramosissimum (Wall.) Betsche

        This species is accepted, and its native range is NE. Tropical Africa to NE. Kenya, Arabian Peninsula, Iran to Myanmar.

    [FTEA]

    Scrophulariaceae, S.A. Ghazanfar, F.N. Hepper & D. Philcox. Flora of Tropical East Africa. 2008

    Ecology
    Moist cliff crevices in dry country; 1000–1700 m
    Conservation
    Known only from a few collections in the Flora area, but widespread elsewhere. Here assessed as of Least Concern (LC)
    Type
    Lectotype: India, Uttar Pradesh, “near Mirzapur on Ganges R.”, Wallich 3911c (K!  BM!, isolecto., selected by Sutton, 1988)
    Habit
    Much-branched perennial up to 60 cm long with wiry prostrate or decumbent branches, hanging or appressed against vertical cliffs, glabrous to sparsely pubescent
    Leaves
    Basal leaves ovate to oblong-ovate to elliptic, 5–7 mm long, 2–4 mm wide, rounded to cuneate at base, obtuse, usually entire; upper leaves ovate, 4–10 mm long, 2–5 mm wide, usually hastate and truncate or cordate at the base, acute to obtuse, entire, pubescent Leaves heteromorphic usually decreasing in size along the stems, well spaced, petiolate; petioles 1–6 mm long, patent
    Flowers
    Flowers axillary; pedicels filiform, much longer than most of the leaves
    Calyx
    Calyx lobes lanceolate, 3–5 mm long with narrow scarious margins, acuminate, glabrous
    Corolla
    Corolla pale yellow, violet on the inside of the upper lip and near the base of the lower lip, ± 3.5 mm long including the spur, spur forming an obtuse angle with corolla tube, slender, longer than the corolla tube
    Filaments
    Abaxial filaments pubescent
    Fruits
    Capsule globose to subglobose, 2.5–5 mm, slightly shorter than the calyx
    Seeds
    Seeds numerous, oblong-ovoid, tuberculate
    Figures
    Fig 6, p 23
    Distribution
    Flora districts: K1 Range: Sudan, Ethiopia, Somalia, widespread from Myanmar westwards through India, Pakistan, Iran and Arabia to NE Africa
    [FTEA]
    Use
    None recorded on specimens from our area

    Images

    Distribution

    Native to:

    Bangladesh, East Himalaya, Ethiopia, India, Iran, Kenya, Laccadive Is., Myanmar, Oman, Pakistan, Somalia, Sri Lanka, Sudan, Tadzhikistan, West Himalaya

    Nanorrhinum ramosissimum (Wall.) Betsche appears in other Kew resources:

    Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
    Hildebrandt, J.M. [1409], Somalia Kickxia somalensis K000411326
    Griffith, W. [215], Afghanistan Linaria ramosissima K000979905
    Griffith, W. [212] Linaria ramosissima K000979906
    Pettet [188], Sudan Linaria ramosissima K000411335
    Wallich, N. [Cat. no. 3911], Nepal Linaria ramosissima K001117586
    Wallich, N. [Cat. no. 3911], Myanmar Linaria ramosissima K001117587
    s.coll. [Cat. no. 3911], India Linaria ramosissima K001117584
    s.coll. [Cat. no. 3911] Linaria ramosissima K001117585

    First published in Courier Forschungsinst. Senckenberg 71: 132 (1984)

    Accepted by

    • Balkrishna, A. (2018). Flora of Morni Hills (Research & Possibilities): 1-581. Divya Yoga Mandir Trust.
    • Darbyshire, I., Kordofani, M., Farag, I., Candiga, R. & Pickering, H. (eds.) (2015). The Plants of Sudan and South Sudan: 1-400. Kew publishing, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Ghazanfar, S.A., Hepper, F.N. & Philcox, D. (2008). Flora of Tropical East Africa, Scrophulariaceae: 1-211.
    • Hedberg, I., Kelbessa, E., Edwards, S., Demissew, S. & Persson, E. (eds.) (2006). Flora of Ethiopia and Eritrea 5: 1-690. The National Herbarium, Addis Ababa University, Ethiopia & The Department of Systematic Botany, Upps.
    • Thulin, M. (ed.) (2006). Flora of Somalia 3: 1-626. The Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Grierson, A.J.C. & Long, D.G. (2001). Flora of Bhutan 2: 1-1675. Royal Botanic Gardens, Edinburgh.

    Literature

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    • Darbyshire, I., Kordofani, M., Farag, I., Candiga, R. & Pickering, H. (eds.) (2015). The Plants of Sudan and South Sudan: 1-400. Kew publishing, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Mostaph, M.K. & Uddin, S.B. (2013). Dictionary of plant names of Bangladesh, Vasc. Pl.: 1-434. Janokalyan Prokashani, Chittagong, Bangladesh.
    • Meena, S.L. (2012). A checklist of the vascular plants of Banaskantha district, Gujarat, India Nelumbo 54: 39-91.
    • Kumar, S. (2012). Herbaceous flora of Jaunsar-Bawar (Uttarkhand), India: enumerations Phytotaxonomy 12: 33-56.
    • Ghazanfar, S.A., Hepper, F.N. & Philcox, D. (2008). Flora of Tropical East Africa, Scrophulariaceae: 1-211.
    • Grierson, A.J.C. & Long, D.G. (2001). Flora of Bhutan 2: 1-1675. Royal Botanic Gardens, Edinburgh.
    • Ananda Rao, T. & Ellis, J.L. (1995). Flora of Lakshadweep islands off the Malabar coast, peninsular India, with emphasis on phytogeographical distribution of plants Journal of Economic and Taxonomic Botany 19: 235-250.
    • Ghazanfar, S.A. (1992). An Annotated Catalogue of the Vascular Plants of Oman and their Vernacular names Scripta Botanica Belgica 2: 1-153.
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    • Fl. Ethiop. & Eritr. 5: 242  (2006).
    • Thulin (ed.), Fl. Somal.: 3: 275 (2006)
    • Nord. J. Bot. 20(6): 669 (2000)
    • Cour. Forsch. Inst. Senckenberg 71: 132 (1984)

    Sources

    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
    'The Herbarium Catalogue, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet http://www.kew.org/herbcat [accessed on Day Month Year]'. Please enter the date on which you consulted the system.
    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0