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This species is accepted, and its native range is NE. Tropical Africa to NE. Kenya, Arabian Peninsula, Iran to Myanmar.

[FTEA]

Scrophulariaceae, S.A. Ghazanfar, F.N. Hepper & D. Philcox. Flora of Tropical East Africa. 2008

Ecology
Moist cliff crevices in dry country; 1000–1700 m
Conservation
Known only from a few collections in the Flora area, but widespread elsewhere. Here assessed as of Least Concern (LC)
Type
Lectotype: India, Uttar Pradesh, “near Mirzapur on Ganges R.”, Wallich 3911c (K!  BM!, isolecto., selected by Sutton, 1988)
Habit
Much-branched perennial up to 60 cm long with wiry prostrate or decumbent branches, hanging or appressed against vertical cliffs, glabrous to sparsely pubescent
Leaves
Basal leaves ovate to oblong-ovate to elliptic, 5–7 mm long, 2–4 mm wide, rounded to cuneate at base, obtuse, usually entire; upper leaves ovate, 4–10 mm long, 2–5 mm wide, usually hastate and truncate or cordate at the base, acute to obtuse, entire, pubescent Leaves heteromorphic usually decreasing in size along the stems, well spaced, petiolate; petioles 1–6 mm long, patent
Flowers
Flowers axillary; pedicels filiform, much longer than most of the leaves
Calyx
Calyx lobes lanceolate, 3–5 mm long with narrow scarious margins, acuminate, glabrous
Corolla
Corolla pale yellow, violet on the inside of the upper lip and near the base of the lower lip, ± 3.5 mm long including the spur, spur forming an obtuse angle with corolla tube, slender, longer than the corolla tube
Filaments
Abaxial filaments pubescent
Fruits
Capsule globose to subglobose, 2.5–5 mm, slightly shorter than the calyx
Seeds
Seeds numerous, oblong-ovoid, tuberculate
Figures
Fig 6, p 23
Distribution
Flora districts: K1 Range: Sudan, Ethiopia, Somalia, widespread from Myanmar westwards through India, Pakistan, Iran and Arabia to NE Africa

[FSOM]

M. Thulin et al. Flora of Somalia, Vol. 1-4 [updated 2008] https://plants.jstor.org/collection/FLOS

Habit
Perennial herb or subshrub, glabrous, sparsely pubescent or tomentose all over with glandular or eglandular hairs up to 1.5 mm long
Stem
Stems up to 60(–90) cm long, prostrate, scandent or ascending to erect
Leaves
Basal leaves ovate to elliptic, (3–)6–20(–25) x 4–12(–25) mm, obtuse or truncate at the apex, coarsely serrate or entire, rounded at the base, petiole 4–12 mm long, not twining; upper leaves ovate, deltate or lanceolate, (3–)7–25 x (1.5–)3–15 mm, acute or subacute at the apex, entire, lobed, or rarely with few teeth near the base, hastate, sagittate or rounded to cordate at the base, petiole (2–)4–14 mm long, not or slightly twining
Pedicel
Pedicels 7–21(–26) mm long, straight, except for curved tip
Calyx
Calyx-lobes 3–5 x 0.4–1.4 mm, linear-subulate to lanceolate, acuminate, with margins narrowly to somewhat broadly scarious below, glabrous, glandular- or eglandular-pubescent or villous
Corolla
Corolla 3.5–11 mm long, yellow, glandular- or eglandular-pubescent outside; tube 1.5–3 mm broad at the mouth; palate glabrous or sparsely pubescent; spur 1.2–6.5 mm long, straight, patent or forming obtuse angle with tube, shorter than or almost as long as rest of corolla
Filaments
Abaxial filaments pubescent
Fruits
Capsule 2.5–5 mm long, oblong-ovoid to subglobose, glabrous or sparsely glandular-puberulent at the tip; cells equal, many-seeded, dehiscent
Seeds
Seeds 0.3–0.6 mm long, oblong-ovoid to oblong-ellipsoid, practically always tuberculate, blackish- to reddish-brown; tubercles columnar, subacute or obtuse and papillate, or shortly acute and entire; papillae mostly confined to tubercle-tips, patent, slender, straight or recurved.
Distribution
N2, 3; Ethiopia, north-eastern Kenya, Sudan, Arabian peninsula; South-Central Asia.
Ecology
Altitude range 1200–1900 m.
Note
Plants from Somalia with small, entire leaves, glabrous palate, and seeds with short papillate tubercles have been described as Kickxia somalensis. Further collections from the type locality displayed a wide variation in indumentum, leaf shape and seed ornamentation. The leaf shape of the species is highly variable and to a large extent environmentally conditioned.

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[FTEA]
Use
None recorded on specimens from our area

Native to:

Bangladesh, East Himalaya, Ethiopia, India, Iran, Kenya, Laccadive Is., Myanmar, Oman, Pakistan, Somalia, Sri Lanka, Sudan, Tadzhikistan, West Himalaya

Nanorrhinum ramosissimum (Wall.) Betsche appears in other Kew resources:

Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
Hildebrandt, J.M. [1409], Somalia Kickxia somalensis K000411326
Griffith, W. [215], Afghanistan Linaria ramosissima K000979905
Griffith, W. [212] Linaria ramosissima K000979906
Pettet [188], Sudan Linaria ramosissima K000411335
Wallich, N. [Cat. no. 3911], Nepal Linaria ramosissima K001117586
Wallich, N. [Cat. no. 3911], Myanmar Linaria ramosissima K001117587
s.coll. [Cat. no. 3911], India Linaria ramosissima K001117584
s.coll. [Cat. no. 3911] Linaria ramosissima K001117585

First published in Courier Forschungsinst. Senckenberg 71: 132 (1984)

Accepted by

  • Balkrishna, A. (2018). Flora of Morni Hills (Research & Possibilities): 1-581. Divya Yoga Mandir Trust.
  • Mill, R. & al. (2015). Flora of Pakistan 220: 1-331. Department of Botany, University of Karachi, Karachi.
  • Darbyshire, I., Kordofani, M., Farag, I., Candiga, R. & Pickering, H. (eds.) (2015). The Plants of Sudan and South Sudan: 1-400. Kew publishing, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
  • Ghazanfar, S.A., Hepper, F.N. & Philcox, D. (2008). Flora of Tropical East Africa, Scrophulariaceae: 1-211.
  • Hedberg, I., Kelbessa, E., Edwards, S., Demissew, S. & Persson, E. (eds.) (2006). Flora of Ethiopia and Eritrea 5: 1-690. The National Herbarium, Addis Ababa University, Ethiopia & The Department of Systematic Botany, Upps.
  • Thulin, M. (ed.) (2006). Flora of Somalia 3: 1-626. The Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
  • Grierson, A.J.C. & Long, D.G. (2001). Flora of Bhutan 2: 1-1675. Royal Botanic Gardens, Edinburgh.

Literature

Kew Backbone Distributions

  • Darbyshire, I., Kordofani, M., Farag, I., Candiga, R. & Pickering, H. (eds.) (2015). The Plants of Sudan and South Sudan: 1-400. Kew publishing, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
  • Mostaph, M.K. & Uddin, S.B. (2013). Dictionary of plant names of Bangladesh, Vasc. Pl.: 1-434. Janokalyan Prokashani, Chittagong, Bangladesh.
  • Meena, S.L. (2012). A checklist of the vascular plants of Banaskantha district, Gujarat, India Nelumbo 54: 39-91.
  • Kumar, S. (2012). Herbaceous flora of Jaunsar-Bawar (Uttarkhand), India: enumerations Phytotaxonomy 12: 33-56.
  • Ghazanfar, S.A., Hepper, F.N. & Philcox, D. (2008). Flora of Tropical East Africa, Scrophulariaceae: 1-211.
  • Grierson, A.J.C. & Long, D.G. (2001). Flora of Bhutan 2: 1-1675. Royal Botanic Gardens, Edinburgh.
  • Ananda Rao, T. & Ellis, J.L. (1995). Flora of Lakshadweep islands off the Malabar coast, peninsular India, with emphasis on phytogeographical distribution of plants Journal of Economic and Taxonomic Botany 19: 235-250.
  • Ghazanfar, S.A. (1992). An Annotated Catalogue of the Vascular Plants of Oman and their Vernacular names Scripta Botanica Belgica 2: 1-153.

Flora of Somalia

  • Flora Somalia, Vol 3, (2006) Author: by Ghebrehiwet Medhanie [updated by M. Thulin 2008]
  • Ghebrehiwet in Nord. J. Bot. 20: 655–689 (2001)
  • Sutton, A revision of the tribe Antirrhineae: 190–249 (1988)

Flora of Tropical East Africa

  • Fl. Ethiop. & Eritr. 5: 242  (2006).
  • Thulin (ed.), Fl. Somal.: 3: 275 (2006)
  • Nord. J. Bot. 20(6): 669 (2000)
  • Cour. Forsch. Inst. Senckenberg 71: 132 (1984)

Flora of Somalia
Flora of Somalia
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Flora of Tropical East Africa
Flora of Tropical East Africa
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Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
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Kew Backbone Distributions
The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2021. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
© Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2021. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
© Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

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