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  1. Family: Rubiaceae Juss.
    1. Genus: Spermacoce L.
      1. Spermacoce filifolia (Schumach. & Thonn.) J.-P.Lebrun & Stork

        This species is accepted, and its native range is Tropical Africa.

    [FZ]

    Rubiaceae, B. Verdcourt. Flora Zambesiaca 5:1. 1989

    Habit
    Annual erect strict herb 15–90 cm. tall with 1-several slender unbranched or sparsely branched glabrous or nearly glabrous stems.
    Leaves
    Leaves (1)3–10 cm. x 0.2–0.8 mm., filiform-subulate, pointed at the apex, sessile on to stipule sheaths which are long and narrow at sterile nodes c. 5 x 2 mm. and with 1–2 setae mostly 3 mm. long but much wider at flowering nodes 0.5–1 cm. wide, with 3 short subulate setae up to c. 1 mm. long or sometimes ± truncate.
    Flowers
    Flowers 10–50 in tight clusters up to 1.3 cm. wide, supported by the stipular involucre at the terminal and 1–2 immediately lower nodes; bracteoles filiform, 2–3.5 mm. long, broadened at the base, shortly spathulate, purple and hairy at the apex.
    Calyx
    Calyx tube 1 mm. long, hairy above, lobes 8, ± purple, minute, c. 0.5 mm. long.
    Corolla
    Corolla tube white, c. 1.5 mm. long, funnel-shaped; lobes blue or purple, c. 1 mm.
    Fruits
    Capsule with upper half purplish, c. 4 mm. long, ± obovoid, opening at the apex but valves cohering, densely covered with distinctive flattened white or purple hairs on upper half.
    Seeds
    Seeds shiny brown, 2.5–2.8 x 0.9–1.2 mm., narrowly oblong-ellipsoid, slightly broadened at the apex, very obscurely angled dorsally, ventrally with a narrow furrow containing a few rhaphides and with a basal cream aril-like cellular elaiosome.
    [FWTA]

    Rubiaceae, F. N. Hepper & R. W. J. Keay. Flora of West Tropical Africa 2. 1963

    Habit
    Erect slender glabrous herb, simple or branched, 1-2 ft. high or sometimes a few inches high
    Flowers
    Flowers white, the corolla-lobes sometimes purple
    Ecology
    Amongst grass in moist places.

    Images

    Distribution

    Native to:

    Benin, Burkina, Cameroon, Central African Repu, Chad, Ghana, Guinea, Guinea-Bissau, Ivory Coast, Malawi, Mali, Mauritania, Nigeria, Senegal, Sudan, Tanzania, Togo, Zambia, Zaïre, Zimbabwe

    Synonyms

    Other Data

    Spermacoce filifolia (Schumach. & Thonn.) J.-P.Lebrun & Stork appears in other Kew resources:

    Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
    K000422893
    Schweinfurth, G. [2471], Sudan K000422864
    Thonning [118], Nigeria K000422892

    Bibliography

    First published in Kew Bull. 39: 778 (1984)

    Accepted by

    • Darbyshire, I., Kordofani, M., Farag, I., Candiga, R. & Pickering, H. (eds.) (2015). The Plants of Sudan and South Sudan: 1-400. Kew publishing, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Akoègninou, A., van der Burg, W.J. & van der Maesen, L.J.G. (eds.) (2006). Flore Analytique du Bénin: 1-1034. Backhuys Publishers.
    • Govaerts, R. (2003). World Checklist of Selected Plant Families Database in ACCESS: 1-216203. The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Barry, J. P. & Celles, J.S. (1991). Flore de Mauritanie 1: 1-359. Centre Regional de Documentation Pedagogique, Nice.
    • Brunel, J.F., Hiepo, P. & Scholz, H. (eds.) (1984). Flore Analytique du Togo Phanérogames: 1-751. GTZ, Eschborn.

    Literature

    Kew Backbone Distributions

    • Akoègninou, A., van der Burg, W.J. & van der Maesen, L.J.G. (eds.) (2006). Flore Analytique du Bénin: 1-1034. Backhuys Publishers.
    • Ruhsam, M in Ruhsam, M. (2005). Survey of all the Rubiaceae specimens at the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Barry, J. P. & Celles, J.S. (1991). Flore de Mauritanie 1: 1-359. Centre Regional de Documentation Pedagogique, Nice.
    • Brunel, J.F., Hiepo, P. & Scholz, H. (eds.) (1984). Flore Analytique du Togo Phanérogames: 1-751. GTZ, Eschborn.
    • Lebrun, J.P. (1973). Énumération des plantes vasculaires du Sénégal: 1-209. Maisons Alfort: Institut d'élevage et de médecine vétérinaire des pays tropicaux.
    • Lebrun, J.-P., Audru, J., Gaston, A. & Mosnier, M. (1972). Catalogue des Plantes Vasculaires du Tchad Méridional: 1-289. Institut d' Elevage et de Médecine Vétérinaire des Pays Tropicaux, Maisons Alfort.

    Sources

    Flora Zambesiaca
    Flora Zambesiaca
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Flora of West Tropical Africa
    Flora of West Tropical Africa
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
    'The Herbarium Catalogue, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet http://www.kew.org/herbcat [accessed on Day Month Year]'. Please enter the date on which you consulted the system.
    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2020. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2020. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0