1. Family: Poaceae Barnhart
    1. Genus: Anthoxanthum L.
      1. Anthoxanthum flexuosum (Hook.f.) Veldkamp

        This species is accepted, and its native range is Central & E. Himalaya.

    [GB]
    Habit
    Perennial; caespitose. Culms 30-60 cm long. Ligule an eciliate membrane. Leaf-blades 5-12 cm long; 2-4 mm wide. Leaf-blade apex abruptly acute.
    Inflorescences
    Inflorescence a panicle. Panicle open; ovate; effuse; 5-8 cm long. Panicle branches capillary; flexuous. Spikelets solitary. Fertile spikelets pedicelled.
    Spikelets
    Spikelets comprising 2 basal sterile florets; 1 fertile florets; without rhachilla extension. Spikelets cuneate; laterally compressed; 5 mm long; breaking up at maturity; disarticulating below each fertile floret.
    Fertile
    Spikelets comprising 2 basal sterile florets; 1 fertile florets; without rhachilla extension. Spikelets cuneate; laterally compressed; 5 mm long; breaking up at maturity; disarticulating below each fertile floret.
    Glume
    Glumes persistent; similar; reaching apex of florets; thinner than fertile lemma; shiny. Lower glume ovate; 5 mm long; 1 length of upper glume; membranous; purple; 1-keeled; 3 -veined. Lower glume apex acute. Upper glume ovate; 5 mm long; 1.4-1.5 length of adjacent fertile lemma; membranous; purple; 1-keeled; 3 -veined. Upper glume apex acute.
    Florets
    Basal sterile florets similar; male; with palea; attached to and deciduous with the fertile. Lemma of lower sterile floret oblong; 5 mm long; chartaceous; 1-keeled; 5 -veined; pubescent; dentate; 2 -fid; obtuse; awned. Awn of lower sterile floret 1.5 mm long. Lemma of upper sterile floret oblong; 5 mm long; chartaceous; pubescent; lobed; 2 -fid; obtuse; awned. Awn of upper sterile floret dorsal; arising 0.5 way up back of lemma; geniculate; 5-6 mm long. Fertile lemma ovate; 3.5 mm long; chartaceous; without keel. Lemma surface pubescent; hairy above. Lemma margins convolute; covering most of palea. Lemma apex acute. Palea elliptic; 1 length of lemma; 1 -veined; without keels.
    Flowers
    Anthers 2 (bisexual), or 3 (male); 1.5 mm long. Ovary glabrous.
    Fruits
    Caryopsis with adherent pericarp.
    Distribution
    Asia-tropical: India.
    Reference
    Aveneae. WDC 1994.

    Images

    Distribution

    Native to:

    East Himalaya, Nepal

    Anthoxanthum flexuosum (Hook.f.) Veldkamp appears in other Kew resources:

    Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
    King's collector [s.n.], Sikkim Hierochloe flexuosa K000032281 holotype

    First published in Blumea 30: 347 (1985)

    Not accepted by

    • Clayton, W.D., Harman, K.T. & Williamson, H. (2006). World Grass Species - Synonymy database The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. [Cited as Hierochloe flexuosa.]

    Literature

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    • Press, J.R. et al. (2000). Annotated Checklist of the Flowering Plants of Nepal: i-x, 1-430. Natural History Museum, London.

    Sources

    GrassBase - The Online World Grass Flora
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
    'The Herbarium Catalogue, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet http://www.kew.org/herbcat [accessed on Day Month Year]'. Please enter the date on which you consulted the system.
    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2020. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2020. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0