1. Family: Poaceae Barnhart
    1. Genus: Anthoxanthum L.
      1. Anthoxanthum repens (Host) Veldkamp

        This species is accepted, and its native range is E. Central & SE. Europe to SW. Siberia and N. Caucasus.

    [GB]
    Habit
    Perennial; mat forming. Rhizomes elongated. Butt sheaths grey. Culms 20-50 cm long. Ligule an eciliate membrane; 2-3.5 mm long. Leaf-blades 7-9 mm wide; pruinose; aromatic.
    Inflorescences
    Inflorescence a panicle; comprising 120-160 fertile spikelets. Panicle open; ovate; 6.5-10 cm long. Primary panicle branches 1-2 -nate. Panicle axis 11-12 noded. Spikelets solitary. Fertile spikelets pedicelled. Pedicels puberulous; hairy at tip; with 0.1-0.3 mm long hairs.
    Spikelets
    Spikelets comprising 2 basal sterile florets; 1 fertile florets; without rhachilla extension. Spikelets elliptic; laterally compressed; 3.4-4.2 mm long; breaking up at maturity; disarticulating below each fertile floret. Floret callus pubescent. Floret callus hairs 0.3-0.6 mm long.
    Fertile
    Spikelets comprising 2 basal sterile florets; 1 fertile florets; without rhachilla extension. Spikelets elliptic; laterally compressed; 3.4-4.2 mm long; breaking up at maturity; disarticulating below each fertile floret. Floret callus pubescent. Floret callus hairs 0.3-0.6 mm long.
    Glume
    Glumes persistent; similar; reaching apex of florets; thinner than fertile lemma; shiny. Lower glume ovate; 3.4-4.2 mm long; 1 length of upper glume; membranous; 1-keeled. Lower glume apex acute. Upper glume ovate; 3.4-4.7 mm long; 1.2-1.4 length of adjacent fertile lemma; membranous; 1-keeled. Upper glume apex acute.
    Florets
    Basal sterile florets similar; male; with palea; attached to and deciduous with the fertile. Lemma of lower sterile floret elliptic; 3.3-3.8 mm long; chartaceous; 1-keeled; 5 -veined; ciliate on margins; entire, or dentate; 2 -fid; mucronate, or awned. Awn of lower sterile floret terminal, or subapical; 0.2-0.5 mm long. Lemma of upper sterile floret oblong; 3.3-3.8 mm long; chartaceous; ciliate on margins; entire, or dentate; 2 -fid; mucronate, or awned. Awn of upper sterile floret terminal, or subapical; straight; 0.2-0.5 mm long. Fertile lemma ovate; 2.5-3.5 mm long; cartilaginous; without keel. Lemma surface pubescent; hairy above. Lemma margins convolute; covering most of palea. Lemma apex acute. Palea 1 -veined; without keels.
    Flowers
    Anthers 2 (bisexual), or 3 (male); 1.6-2.7 mm long. Ovary glabrous.
    Fruits
    Caryopsis with adherent pericarp.
    Distribution
    Europe: central, southeastern, and eastern. Asia-temperate: Siberia, Soviet Middle Asia, and Caucasus.
    Reference
    Aveneae. Weimarck 1994.

    Distribution

    Native to:

    Altay, Austria, Belarus, Bulgaria, Central European Rus, Czechoslovakia, East European Russia, Hungary, Kazakhstan, North Caucasus, Romania, South European Russi, Ukraine, West Siberia

    Anthoxanthum repens (Host) Veldkamp appears in other Kew resources:

    First published in Blumea 30: 349 (1985)

    Not accepted by

    • Clayton, W.D., Harman, K.T. & Williamson, H. (2006). World Grass Species - Synonymy database The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. [Cited as Hierochloe repens.]

    Literature

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    • Takhtajan, A.L. (ed.) (2006). Conspectus Florae Caucasi 2: 1-466. Editio Universitatis Petropolitanae.
    • Malyschev, L.I. & Peschkova, G.A. (eds.) (2001). Flora of Siberia 2: 1-362. Scientific Publishers, Inc., Enfield, Plymouth.
    • Fedorov, A.A. (ed.) (1999). Flora of Russia. The European part and bordering regions 1: 1-546. A.A. Balkema, Rotterdam, Broekfield.
    • Tutin, T.G. & al. (eds.) (1980). Flora Europaea 5: 1-452. Cambridge University Press.

    Sources

    GrassBase - The Online World Grass Flora
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2020. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2020. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0