1. Family: Poaceae Barnhart
    1. Genus: Anthoxanthum L.
      1. Anthoxanthum tibeticum (Bor) Veldkamp

        This species is accepted, and its native range is Tibet.

    [GB]
    Habit
    Perennial. Rhizomes elongated. Culms 9-18 cm long. Culm-nodes glabrous. Leaf-sheaths glabrous on surface. Ligule an eciliate membrane; 2-2.5 mm long; truncate. Leaf-blades flat, or involute; 3-5 cm long; 2 mm wide. Leaf-blade surface glabrous. Leaf-blade margins scaberulous. Leaf-blade apex acute.
    Inflorescences
    Inflorescence a panicle; comprising 10 fertile spikelets. Panicle open; dense; 2.5 cm long; 1 cm wide; bearing few spikelets. Panicle branches pubescent in axils. Spikelets solitary. Fertile spikelets pedicelled.
    Spikelets
    Spikelets comprising 2 basal sterile florets; 1 fertile florets; without rhachilla extension. Spikelets elliptic, or cuneate; laterally compressed; truncate; 5 mm long; breaking up at maturity; disarticulating below each fertile floret.
    Fertile
    Spikelets comprising 2 basal sterile florets; 1 fertile florets; without rhachilla extension. Spikelets elliptic, or cuneate; laterally compressed; truncate; 5 mm long; breaking up at maturity; disarticulating below each fertile floret.
    Glume
    Glumes persistent; similar; exceeding apex of florets; thinner than fertile lemma. Lower glume elliptic; 5 mm long; 1 length of upper glume; membranous; much thinner above; purple; 1-keeled; 3 -veined. Lower glume apex acute. Upper glume elliptic; 5 mm long; 1.2 length of adjacent fertile lemma; membranous; much thinner above; purple; 1-keeled; 3 -veined. Upper glume apex acute.
    Florets
    Basal sterile florets dissimilar; male; with palea; attached to and deciduous with the fertile. Lemma of lower sterile floret elliptic; 4 mm long; 1 length of fertile lemma; membranous; glabrous, or pubescent; bearing yellow hairs; lobed; 2 -fid; obtuse. Palea of lower sterile floret pubescent (at apex). Lemma of upper sterile floret oblong; 4 mm long; 1 length of lower sterile floret; membranous; pubescent; lobed; 2 -fid; awned. Awn of upper sterile floret 3 mm long. Fertile lemma elliptic, or oblong; 2.5 mm long; cartilaginous; without keel. Lemma surface pubescent; hairy above. Lemma margins convolute; covering most of palea. Lemma hairs yellow. Lemma apex obtuse, or acute. Palea 1 -veined; without keels.
    Flowers
    Lodicules 2. Anthers 2 (bisexual), or 3 (male); 1-1.25 mm long. Ovary glabrous.
    Fruits
    Caryopsis with adherent pericarp.
    Distribution
    Asia-temperate: China.
    Reference
    Aveneae. Bor 1992.

    Images

    Distribution

    Anthoxanthum tibeticum (Bor) Veldkamp appears in other Kew resources:

    Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
    Sherriff, G. [s.n.], Tibet Hierochloe tibetica K000808884 Unknown type material

    First published in Blumea 30: 350 (1985)

    Not accepted by

    • Clayton, W.D., Harman, K.T. & Williamson, H. (2006). World Grass Species - Synonymy database The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. [Cited as Hierochloe tibetica.]

    Literature

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    • Wu, Z. & Raven, P.H. (eds.) (2006). Poaceae Flora of China 22: 1-733. Missouri Botanical Garden Press, St. Louis.

    Sources

    GrassBase - The Online World Grass Flora
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
    'The Herbarium Catalogue, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet http://www.kew.org/herbcat [accessed on Day Month Year]'. Please enter the date on which you consulted the system.
    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2020. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2020. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0