1. Family: Poaceae Barnhart
    1. Genus: Tribolium Desv.
      1. Tribolium brachystachyum (Nees) Renvoize

        This species is accepted, and its native range is Cape Prov.

    [GB]
    Habit
    Perennial; caespitose. Culms decumbent; 5-30 cm long. Ligule a fringe of hairs. Leaf-blades 1-12 cm long; 2.5 mm wide.
    Inflorescences
    Inflorescence composed of racemes. Racemes 1; single; oblong; unilateral; 1-2.5 cm long. Rhachis angular. Spikelet packing broadside to rhachis; regular; 2 -rowed. Spikelets solitary. Fertile spikelets sessile.
    Spikelets
    Spikelets comprising (4-)5-6 fertile florets; with diminished florets at the apex. Spikelets ovate; laterally compressed; 4-5 mm long; 3.5 mm wide; breaking up at maturity; disarticulating below each fertile floret.
    Fertile
    Spikelets comprising (4-)5-6 fertile florets; with diminished florets at the apex. Spikelets ovate; laterally compressed; 4-5 mm long; 3.5 mm wide; breaking up at maturity; disarticulating below each fertile floret.
    Glume
    Glumes persistent; similar; shorter than spikelet; similar to fertile lemma in texture. Lower glume ovate; 3 mm long; 0.75 length of upper glume; coriaceous; 1-keeled; 5 -veined. Lower glume surface setose; with tubercle-based hairs. Lower glume apex acute. Upper glume ovate; 4 mm long; 1 length of adjacent fertile lemma; coriaceous; 1-keeled; 5 -veined. Upper glume surface setose; with tubercle-based hairs. Upper glume apex acute.
    Florets
    Fertile lemma ovate; 4 mm long; coriaceous; much thinner on margins; without keel; 5 -veined. Lemma surface pubescent; hairy below; with clavate hairs. Lemma margins eciliate. Lemma apex obtuse. Palea 2 -veined. Palea keels winged; narrowly winged; ciliolate. Palea surface pilose; hairy on back; with turgid hairs. Apical sterile florets resembling fertile though underdeveloped.
    Flowers
    Lodicules 2; cuneate; fleshy.
    Fruits
    Caryopsis with tardily free pericarp.
    Distribution
    Africa: south.
    Reference
    Arundineae. Gr S Afr 1993.

    Images

    Distribution

    Native to:

    Cape Provinces

    Tribolium brachystachyum (Nees) Renvoize appears in other Kew resources:

    Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
    Jan 1, 1994 Fries, T.C.E. [1446], South Africa K000309673
    Jan 1, 1994 Davidse, G. [33927], South Africa K000309672
    Jan 1, 1994 Wilms, F. [3875], South Africa K000309676
    Jan 1, 1994 deVilliers, J.J. [14356], South Africa K000309674
    Jan 1, 1994 Bolus, J. [14771], South Africa K000309675
    Jan 1, 1975 Drege [s.n.], South Africa K000367285
    Webster, M.M. [74.], South Africa K000309679
    Esterhuysen, E. [1776], South Africa K000309680
    Esterhuysen, E. [1225], South Africa K000309681
    Ellis, R.P. [2855], South Africa K000309677
    s.coll. [9153], South Africa K000309683
    Rehm, S. [807], South Africa K000309678
    Fokoe, J.P. [5018], South Africa K000309682

    First published in Kew Bull. 40: 798 (1985)

    Accepted by

    • Clayton, W.D., Harman, K.T. & Williamson, H. (2006). World Grass Species - Synonymy database The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Germishuizen, G. & Meyer, N.L. (eds.) (2003). Plants of Southern Africa: an annotated checklist. Strelitzia 14.: i-vi, 1-1231. National Botanical Institute, Pretoria.

    Literature

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    • Germishuizen, G. & Meyer, N.L. (eds.) (2003). Plants of Southern Africa: an annotated checklist. Strelitzia 14.: i-vi, 1-1231. National Botanical Institute, Pretoria.

    Sources

    GrassBase - The Online World Grass Flora
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
    'The Herbarium Catalogue, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet http://www.kew.org/herbcat [accessed on Day Month Year]'. Please enter the date on which you consulted the system.
    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2020. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2020. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0