1. Family: Poaceae Barnhart
    1. Genus: Tribolium Desv.
      1. Tribolium echinatum (Thunb.) Renvoize

        This species is accepted, and its native range is Cape Prov.

    [GB]
    Habit
    Annual; caespitose. Culms decumbent; 10-25 cm long. Ligule a fringe of hairs. Leaf-blades 7-15 cm long; 2-5 mm wide. Leaf-blade surface pubescent.
    Inflorescences
    Inflorescence a panicle; embraced at base by subtending leaf. Panicle spiciform; oblong; interrupted; 2-4 cm long. Spikelets solitary. Fertile spikelets sessile.
    Spikelets
    Spikelets comprising (2-)3(-4) fertile florets; with diminished florets at the apex. Spikelets oblong; laterally compressed; 3.5-4 mm long; 1-1.5 mm wide; breaking up at maturity; disarticulating below each fertile floret.
    Fertile
    Spikelets comprising (2-)3(-4) fertile florets; with diminished florets at the apex. Spikelets oblong; laterally compressed; 3.5-4 mm long; 1-1.5 mm wide; breaking up at maturity; disarticulating below each fertile floret.
    Glume
    Glumes persistent; similar; exceeding apex of florets; similar to fertile lemma in texture. Lower glume ovate; 3-3.5 mm long; 1 length of upper glume; chartaceous; 1-keeled; 5 -veined. Lower glume surface setose; with tubercle-based hairs. Lower glume apex setaceously attenuate. Upper glume ovate; 3.5-4 mm long; 1.1-1.4 length of adjacent fertile lemma; membranous; 1-keeled; 5 -veined. Upper glume surface setose; with tubercle-based hairs. Upper glume apex setaceously attenuate.
    Florets
    Fertile lemma ovate; 2.5-3 mm long; membranous; without keel; 7 -veined. Lemma surface glabrous. Lemma margins ciliate. Lemma apex acute. Palea 2 -veined. Palea surface glabrous. Apical sterile florets resembling fertile though underdeveloped.
    Fruits
    Caryopsis with tardily free pericarp.
    Distribution
    Africa: south. Australasia: Australia.
    Reference
    Arundineae. Gr S Afr 1993.

    Images

    Distribution

    Native to:

    Cape Provinces

    Introduced into:

    Western Australia

    Tribolium echinatum (Thunb.) Renvoize appears in other Kew resources:

    Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
    Jan 1, 1991 Reid, C. [1531], South Africa K000309704
    Jan 1, 1987 Garside, S. [1100], South Africa K000309698
    Jan 1, 1987 Hardy, D.S. [794], South Africa K000309715
    Jan 1, 1987 Leistner, O.A. [313], South Africa K000309716
    Jan 1, 1987 Davidse, G. [33909], South Africa K000309707
    Jan 1, 1987 Davidse, G. [33957], South Africa K000309708
    Jan 1, 1987 C.B.S. [s.n.], South Africa K000309701
    Jan 1, 1987 Bachmann, F. [2193], South Africa K000309700
    Jan 1, 1987 Stephens, E.L. [7143], South Africa K000309696
    Jan 1, 1987 Howes, F.N. [183], South Africa K000309703
    Jan 1, 1987 Ryves, B. [s.n.], United Kingdom K000309558
    Jan 1, 1987 [Aramra, R. S.?] [1415], South Africa K000309702
    Fries, T.C.E. [1393], South Africa K000309699
    Werdermann, E. [442], South Africa K000309720
    Zeyher [4588], South Africa K000367278
    Drege [s.n.], South Africa K000367277
    Drege [s.n.], South Africa K000367279
    Drege [s.n.], South Africa K000367281
    Ecklon [957], South Africa K000367280
    Acocks, J.P.H. [23394], South Africa K000309723
    Acocks, J.P.H. [14805], South Africa K000309724
    Ecklon, U.J. [957], South Africa K000367274
    Ecklon, U.J. [957], South Africa K000367275
    Woolley Dod [3109], South Africa K000367282
    Smook, L. [3642], South Africa K000309709
    Smook, L. [3642], South Africa K000309713
    Boucher, C. [4870], South Africa K000309710
    Zeyher [4977], South Africa K000309712
    Linder, P. [5832], South Africa K000309705
    Linder, P. [5823], South Africa K000309706
    Alexander, A.C. [s.n.], South Africa K000367276
    s.coll. [s.n.], South Africa K000309717
    s.coll. [11036], South Africa K000309721
    s.coll. [183], South Africa K000309722
    DeWinter [9010], South Africa K000309711
    DeWinter [9013], South Africa K000309718
    Schweickerdt, H.G. [2564], South Africa K000309714
    McCallum-Websten, M. [7097], United Kingdom K000309556
    McCallum-Websten, M. [11637], United Kingdom K000309557
    Parker, A.N. [4625], South Africa K000309719

    First published in Kew Bull. 40: 798 (1985)

    Accepted by

    • Clayton, W.D., Harman, K.T. & Williamson, H. (2006). World Grass Species - Synonymy database The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Mallett, K. (ed.) (2005). Flora of Australia 44B: 1-486. Australian Government Publishing Service, Canberra.
    • Germishuizen, G. & Meyer, N.L. (eds.) (2003). Plants of Southern Africa: an annotated checklist. Strelitzia 14.: i-vi, 1-1231. National Botanical Institute, Pretoria.

    Literature

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    • Mallett, K. (ed.) (2005). Flora of Australia 44B: 1-486. Australian Government Publishing Service, Canberra.
    • Germishuizen, G. & Meyer, N.L. (eds.) (2003). Plants of Southern Africa: an annotated checklist. Strelitzia 14.: i-vi, 1-1231. National Botanical Institute, Pretoria.

    Sources

    GrassBase - The Online World Grass Flora
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
    'The Herbarium Catalogue, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet http://www.kew.org/herbcat [accessed on Day Month Year]'. Please enter the date on which you consulted the system.
    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2020. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2020. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0