1. Family: Rhamnaceae Juss.
    1. Smythea Seem.

      1. This genus is accepted, and is native to Asia-Tropical, Seychelles, Pacific and Asia-Temperate..


    Cahen D & Utteridge T. 2018. A synopsis of the genus Smythea (Rhamnaceae). Kew Bulletin 73: 2. DOI 10.1007/S12225-017-9724-3

    Type species: Smythea pacifica Seem. (= Smythea lanceata (Tul.) Summerh.).
    Scandent shrubs or lianas, woody, without spines
    Indumentum of short to long, simple, spreading to appressed, antrorse hairs, present at least at the distal end of flowering branchlets
    Branchlets slender, distally flexuous.
    Stipules linear, fugaceous, sometimes persisting to fruiting stage.
    Leaves simple, alternate, distichous; base asymmetrical, rounded to cuneate; apex mucronulate; margin at least obscurely crenate-serrate, serrations tipped with callosities; secondary venation pinnate, eucamptodromous to brochidodromous, 2 - 9 pairs, third order venation distinct, more or less perpendicular to primary vein; abaxial lamina surface often bearing small rounded glandular spots. Domatia common in the axils of secondary veins, tufts of hairs or pocket sometimes combined with tufts of hairs.
    Inflorescence fascicles in the axils of persistent leaves or arranged in racemes or panicles when leaves bearing fascicles are fugaceous.
    Flowers bisexual, 5-merous, perigynous, with a conical hypanthium; sepal lobes triangular, adaxially keeled with an apical protuberance; petals present, alternate with sepals, clawed, obcordate, each enclosing a stamen before anthesis; stamens 5, anthers dorsifixed, introrse; disk subpentagonal, filling the hypanthium, fleshy, glabrous, smooth or covered with cylindrical papillae; ovary hairy, half-immersed in disk, locules 2; style 2-fid.
    Fruits either crustaceous, usually inflated, even and symmetrical near the base, with no distinct wing-like apical appendage, or chartaceous to subcoriaceous, planar and not inflated, often twisted near the base and with a distinct-wing like apical appendage; apex with style remains forming a distinct mucro; persistent calyx attached at base of fruit; seed chamber 1, laterally compressed and elongated, externally indistinguishable from rest of fruit; seeds exalbuminous.
    2n = 24 (S bombaiensis).
    Paleotropics, occurring in the Seychelles, India, South-East Asia, Melanesia and Micronesia.



    Native to:

    Andaman Is., Assam, Bismarck Archipelago, Borneo, Cambodia, Caroline Is., China South-Central, China Southeast, Fiji, India, Jawa, Laos, Lesser Sunda Is., Malaya, Maluku, Myanmar, New Guinea, Nicobar Is., Philippines, Santa Cruz Is., Seychelles, Solomon Is., Sulawesi, Sumatera, Thailand, Vanuatu, Vietnam

    Smythea Seem. appears in other Kew resources:

    First published in Bonplandia (Hannover) 10: 69 (1862)


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    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Bulletin
    Kew Bulletin

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0