1. Family: Poaceae Barnhart
    1. Genus: Alopecurus L.
      1. Alopecurus baptarrhenius S.M.Phillips

        This species is accepted, and its native range is Ethiopia.

    [GB]
    Habit
    Annual, or perennial; short-lived. Culms erect, or geniculately ascending; 10-30 cm long. Leaf-sheaths loose. Ligule an eciliate membrane; 3-6 mm long; acute. Leaf-blades flat, or conduplicate; 5-10 cm long; 1-3 mm wide. Leaf-blade apex acute.
    Inflorescences
    Inflorescence a panicle. Panicle spiciform; linear, or oblong; 2.5-4.5 cm long. Primary panicle branches accrescent to a central axis; with evident branchlets on axis. Panicle axis with rounded ribs. Spikelets solitary. Fertile spikelets pedicelled. Pedicels oblong.
    Spikelets
    Spikelets comprising 1 fertile florets; without rhachilla extension. Spikelets elliptic; laterally compressed; 3-4.5 mm long; falling entire.
    Fertile
    Spikelets comprising 1 fertile florets; without rhachilla extension. Spikelets elliptic; laterally compressed; 3-4.5 mm long; falling entire.
    Glume
    Glumes connate along margins below; similar; reaching apex of florets. Lower glume oblong; 3-4.5 mm long; 1 length of upper glume; membranous; much thinner above; 1-keeled; 3 -veined. Lower glume primary vein ciliate. Lower glume surface pubescent. Lower glume hairs 0.5 mm long. Lower glume apex obtuse. Upper glume oblong; 3-4.5 mm long; 1 length of adjacent fertile lemma; membranous; much thinner above; 1-keeled; 3 -veined. Upper glume primary vein ciliate. Upper glume surface pubescent. Upper glume hairs 0.5 mm long. Upper glume apex obtuse.
    Florets
    Fertile lemma elliptic; 3-4.5 mm long; membranous; keeled; 4 -veined. Lemma margins connate below; with 0.33-0.5 of their length connate. Lemma apex truncate; awned; 1 -awned. Principal lemma awn dorsal; arising 0.33-0.5 way up back of lemma; straight; 3 mm long overall; clearly exserted from spikelet (1-1.6mm). Palea absent or minute.
    Flowers
    Lodicules absent. Anthers 3; 1.3-2 mm long; orange. Stigmas protogynous; terminally exserted; pubescent. Ovary glabrous.
    Fruits
    Caryopsis with adherent pericarp. Hilum punctiform. Disseminule comprising a spikelet.
    Distribution
    Africa: northeast tropical.
    Reference
    Aveneae. Fl Eth 1997.

    Images

    Distribution

    Native to:

    Ethiopia

    Alopecurus baptarrhenius S.M.Phillips appears in other Kew resources:

    Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
    Gilbert, M.G. [1818], Ethiopia K000367370
    Gilbert, M.G. [1818], Ethiopia K000367369 holotype
    Salzmann [s.n.] K000367371
    Lange, J. [21] K000367372

    First published in Kew Bull. 41: 1027 (1986)

    Accepted by

    • Clayton, W.D., Harman, K.T. & Williamson, H. (2006). World Grass Species - Synonymy database The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Hedberg, I. & Edwards, S. (eds.) (1995). Flora of Ethiopia and Eritrea 7: 1-430. The National Herbarium, Addis Ababa University, Ethiopia & The Department of Systematic Botany, Upps.

    Literature

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    • Hedberg, I. & Edwards, S. (eds.) (1995). Flora of Ethiopia and Eritrea 7: 1-430. The National Herbarium, Addis Ababa University, Ethiopia & The Department of Systematic Botany, Upps.

    Sources

    GrassBase - The Online World Grass Flora
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
    'The Herbarium Catalogue, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet http://www.kew.org/herbcat [accessed on Day Month Year]'. Please enter the date on which you consulted the system.
    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0