1. Family: Poaceae Barnhart
    1. Genus: Bhidea Stapf ex Bor
      1. Bhidea fischeri Sreek. & B.V.Shetty

        This species is accepted, and its native range is India (Kerala).

    [GB]
    Habit
    Annual. Culms erect; 20-40 cm long. Culm-nodes bearded. Lateral branches ample. Leaf-sheaths keeled. Ligule an eciliate membrane; truncate. Leaf-blades lanceolate; 1-8 cm long; 1-3 mm wide.
    Inflorescences
    Inflorescence composed of racemes; subtended by a spatheole. Spatheole linear; membranous. Racemes 1-2; single, or paired; 1-4 cm long; bearing few fertile spikelets. Rhachis fragile at the nodes; flattened; villous on margins. Rhachis internodes linear. Rhachis internode tip oblique; cupuliform; with lobed rim. Raceme-bases filiform. Spikelets in pairs. Fertile spikelets sessile; 1 in the cluster. Companion sterile spikelets pedicelled; 1 in the cluster. Pedicels linear; flattened; 3-4 mm long; villous; hairy on one margin.
    Sterile
    Basal sterile spikelets well-developed; 4 in number (lower raceme); 4 in upper raceme; barren; smaller than fertile. Basal sterile spikelet lower glume muticous. Companion sterile spikelets well-developed; comprising 2 subequal glumes without lemmas; lanceolate; asymmetrical; 10-12 mm long; as long as fertile; persistent. Companion sterile spikelet callus square; truncate. Companion sterile spikelet glumes coriaceous; winged on keels; 7-9 -veined; awned; one glume awned.
    Spikelets
    Spikelets comprising 1 basal sterile florets; 1 fertile florets; without rhachilla extension. Spikelets lanceolate; laterally compressed; 10-12 mm long; falling entire; deciduous with accessory branch structures. Spikelet callus cuneate; 2-3 mm long; bearded; base acute; attached obliquely. Basal sterile spikelets well-developed; 4 in number (lower raceme); 4 in upper raceme; barren; smaller than fertile. Basal sterile spikelet lower glume muticous. Companion sterile spikelets well-developed; comprising 2 subequal glumes without lemmas; lanceolate; asymmetrical; 10-12 mm long; as long as fertile; persistent. Companion sterile spikelet callus square; truncate. Companion sterile spikelet glumes coriaceous; winged on keels; 7-9 -veined; awned; one glume awned.
    Fertile
    Spikelets comprising 1 basal sterile florets; 1 fertile florets; without rhachilla extension. Spikelets lanceolate; laterally compressed; 10-12 mm long; falling entire; deciduous with accessory branch structures. Spikelet callus cuneate; 2-3 mm long; bearded; base acute; attached obliquely.
    Glume
    Glumes dissimilar; exceeding apex of florets; firmer than fertile lemma. Lower glume lanceolate; asymmetrical; 7-8 mm long; 1 length of spikelet; coriaceous; 2-keeled; winged on keel; winged narrowly; 3-5 -veined. Lower glume intercarinal veins absent. Lower glume apex acuminate. Upper glume oblong; 5-6 mm long; membranous; with hyaline margins; 1-keeled; 5-7 -veined. Upper glume apex lobed; 3 -fid; awned; 1 -awned. Upper glume awn 6-8 mm long (winged).
    Florets
    Basal sterile florets barren; without significant palea. Lemma of lower sterile floret lanceolate; hyaline; 2 -veined. Fertile lemma oblong; 4-5 mm long; membranous; keeled; 3 -veined. Lemma apex lobed; 2 -fid; awned; 1 -awned. Principal lemma awn from a sinus; geniculate; 35-45 mm long overall; with twisted column. Column of lemma awn 14-16 mm long; glabrous. Palea hyaline; 2 -veined.
    Flowers
    Anthers 3; 1.5-2 mm long.
    Distribution
    Asia-tropical: India.
    Reference
    Andropogoneae. Nair 1993.
    Diagnostic
    Internode tip strongly oblique, 1.5-2mm.

    Images

    Distribution

    Bhidea fischeri Sreek. & B.V.Shetty appears in other Kew resources:

    Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
    Sreekumar, P.V. [71754], Kerala K000974841 isotype

    First published in Kew Bull. 42: 683 (1987)

    Accepted by

    • Clayton, W.D., Harman, K.T. & Williamson, H. (2006). World Grass Species - Synonymy database The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.

    Sources

    GrassBase - The Online World Grass Flora
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
    'The Herbarium Catalogue, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet http://www.kew.org/herbcat [accessed on Day Month Year]'. Please enter the date on which you consulted the system.
    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2020. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2020. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0