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  1. Family: Poaceae Barnhart
    1. Genus: Semiarundinaria Makino ex Nakai
      1. Semiarundinaria sinica T.H.Wen

        This species is accepted, and its native range is China (Jiangsu, Zhejiang).

    [GB]
    Habit
    Perennial. Rhizomes elongated; leptomorph. Culms erect; 400-500 cm long; 10-15 mm diam.; woody. Culm-internodes channelled; thin-walled; 10-15 cm long; distally glabrous. Lateral branches dendroid. Branch complement three; in a horizontal line. Culm-sheaths deciduous; coriaceous; pilose; glabrous on margins; auriculate; ciliate on shoulders; shoulders with 4 mm long hairs. Culm-sheath ligule entire. Culm-sheath blade linear; erect. Leaves cauline; 2-3 per branch. Leaf-sheaths 3.5-4 cm long; glabrous on surface. Leaf-sheath oral hairs ciliate; erect; 2-3 mm long. Leaf-sheath auricles falcate. Ligule an eciliate membrane; 2 mm long. Leaf-blade base with a brief petiole-like connection to sheath. Leaf-blades lanceolate; 9-16 cm long; 14-22 mm wide. Leaf-blade venation with 8-10 secondary veins; with distinct cross veins. Leaf-blade surface glabrous. Leaf-blade margins scabrous. Leaf-blade apex acuminate.
    Inflorescences
    Synflorescence bractiferous; fasciculate; with spathaceous subtending bracts; bracts 25 mm long; without axillary buds at base of spikelet; with ultimate bract subtending a compact bracteolate fascicle of spikelets; prophyllate below lateral spikelets. Fertile spikelets sessile.
    Spikelets
    Spikelets comprising 5-6 fertile florets; with diminished florets at the apex. Spikelets linear; laterally compressed; 55-60 mm long; breaking up at maturity; disarticulating below each fertile floret.
    Fertile
    Spikelets comprising 5-6 fertile florets; with diminished florets at the apex. Spikelets linear; laterally compressed; 55-60 mm long; breaking up at maturity; disarticulating below each fertile floret.
    Glume
    Glumes persistent; similar; shorter than spikelet. Lower glume elliptic; chartaceous; without keels. Lower glume apex acute. Upper glume elliptic; chartaceous; without keels. Upper glume apex acute.
    Florets
    Fertile lemma elliptic; 17-18 mm long; 6 mm wide; chartaceous; without keel; 9 -veined. Lemma lateral veins without cross-veins. Lemma surface glabrous. Lemma apex acuminate. Palea 14 mm long. Apical sterile florets resembling fertile though underdeveloped.
    Flowers
    Lodicules 3; ciliate. Anthers 3. Stigmas 2. Ovary glabrous.
    Fruits
    Caryopsis with adherent pericarp.
    Distribution
    Asia-temperate: China.
    Reference
    Bambuseae. Wen 2002.

    Distribution

    Native to:

    China Southeast

    Other Data

    Semiarundinaria sinica T.H.Wen appears in other Kew resources:

    Bibliography

    First published in J. Bamboo Res. 8(1): 13 (1989)

    Accepted by

    • Wu, Z. & Raven, P.H. (eds.) (2006). Poaceae Flora of China 22: 1-733. Missouri Botanical Garden Press, St. Louis.
    • Clayton, W.D., Harman, K.T. & Williamson, H. (2006). World Grass Species - Synonymy database The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.

    Literature

    Kew Backbone Distributions

    • Wu, Z. & Raven, P.H. (eds.) (2006). Poaceae Flora of China 22: 1-733. Missouri Botanical Garden Press, St. Louis.

    Sources

    GrassBase - The Online World Grass Flora
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2020. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2020. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0