1. Family: Poaceae Barnhart
    1. Genus: Dinochloa Buse
      1. Dinochloa darvelana S.Dransf.

        This species is accepted, and its native range is Borneo.

    [GB]
    Habit
    Perennial; caespitose. Rhizomes short; pachymorph. Culms scandent; 10-15 mm diam.; woody. Culm-internodes terete; thick-walled; 35-40 cm long. Lateral branches dendroid. Branch complement several; with 1 branch dominant; as thick as stem. Culm-sheaths 10-13 cm long; purple; glabrous; hairy on margins; auriculate; with 6 mm high auricles; setose on shoulders. Culm-sheath ligule 1 mm high; entire, or dentate. Culm-sheath blade ovate; erect; 10-14 cm long; 40 mm wide; glabrous on surface; acuminate. Leaf-sheaths pilose. Leaf-sheath oral hairs setose. Leaf-sheath auricles falcate. Ligule an eciliate membrane. Leaf-blade base with a brief petiole-like connection to sheath. Leaf-blades lanceolate; 15-23 cm long; 15-30 mm wide. Leaf-blade surface glabrous, or puberulous; hairy abaxially. Leaf-blade apex acuminate.
    Inflorescences
    Synflorescence bractiferous; clustered at the nodes; in compact unilateral clumps; glabrous on internodes, or pubescent on internodes; with glumaceous subtending bracts; with axillary buds at base of spikelet; prophyllate below lateral spikelets; leafless between branches; 200 cm long overall. Fertile spikelets sessile.
    Spikelets
    Spikelets comprising 1 fertile florets; without rhachilla extension. Spikelets oblong; laterally compressed; 3 mm long; breaking up at maturity; disarticulating below each fertile floret.
    Fertile
    Spikelets comprising 1 fertile florets; without rhachilla extension. Spikelets oblong; laterally compressed; 3 mm long; breaking up at maturity; disarticulating below each fertile floret.
    Glume
    Glumes two; persistent; shorter than spikelet. Lower glume ovate. Lower glume apex acute. Upper glume ovate. Upper glume apex acute.
    Florets
    Fertile lemma orbicular; 2 mm long; coriaceous; without keel; 5 -veined. Lemma apex obtuse. Palea orbicular; involute; coriaceous; without keels.
    Flowers
    Anthers 6. Stigmas 3.
    Fruits
    Caryopsis with fleshy pericarp; orbicular; isodiametric; 5-9 mm long; glabrous. Endosperm evanescent.
    Distribution
    Asia-tropical: Malesia.
    Reference
    Bambuseae. Dransfield 2002.

    Images

    Distribution

    Dinochloa darvelana S.Dransf. appears in other Kew resources:

    Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
    Aug 2, 1993 Christensen, H. [254], Sarawak K900795439
    Dransfield, S. [834], Sabah K000290671 isotype
    Dransfield, S. [834], Sabah K000290672 isotype

    First published in Kew Bull. 44: 435 (1989)

    Accepted by

    • Clayton, W.D., Harman, K.T. & Williamson, H. (2006). World Grass Species - Synonymy database The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.

    Sources

    GrassBase - The Online World Grass Flora
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
    'The Herbarium Catalogue, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet http://www.kew.org/herbcat [accessed on Day Month Year]'. Please enter the date on which you consulted the system.
    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2020. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2020. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0