1. Family: Poaceae Barnhart
    1. Genus: Chimonobambusa Makino
      1. Chimonobambusa tumidissinoda Ohrnb.

        This species is accepted, and its native range is China (Sichuan, NE. Yunnan).

    [GB]
    Habit
    Perennial. Rhizomes elongated; leptomorph. Culms erect; 300-600 cm long; 10-30 mm diam.; woody; without nodal roots. Culm-internodes channelled; solid; 15-25 cm long; mid-green; smooth; distally glabrous. Culm-nodes flanged; glabrous, or pubescent. Lateral branches dendroid. Branch complement three, or several; in a horizontal line; with subequal branches; thinner than stem. Culm-sheaths deciduous; chartaceous; purple; hispid; with tawny hairs; hairy on margins; without auricles; setose on shoulders; shoulders with 2-3 mm long hairs. Culm-sheath ligule 1-1.3 mm high; ciliolate. Culm-sheath blade linear; deciduous; erect; 0.5-1.7 cm long. Leaves cauline; 2-4 per branch. Leaf-sheaths 2-2.5 cm long; glabrous on surface; outer margin hairy. Leaf-sheath oral hairs scanty. Ligule an eciliate membrane; truncate, or obtuse. Collar with external ligule. Leaf-blade base with a brief petiole-like connection to sheath. Leaf-blades deciduous at the ligule; lanceolate; 5-14 cm long; 6-12 mm wide. Leaf-blade venation with 4-8 secondary veins; with distinct cross veins. Leaf-blade surface smooth, or scaberulous; rough on both sides; glabrous.
    Inflorescences
    Synflorescence bractiferous; paniculate; with glumaceous subtending bracts; with axillary buds at base of spikelet. Fertile spikelets sessile.
    Spikelets
    Spikelets comprising 3-8 fertile florets; with diminished florets at the apex. Spikelets linear; laterally compressed; 30-45 mm long; 2.5-4 mm wide; breaking up at maturity; disarticulating below each fertile floret.
    Fertile
    Spikelets comprising 3-8 fertile florets; with diminished florets at the apex. Spikelets linear; laterally compressed; 30-45 mm long; 2.5-4 mm wide; breaking up at maturity; disarticulating below each fertile floret.
    Glume
    Glumes two; 2 empty glumes; persistent; similar; shorter than spikelet. Lower glume lanceolate; membranous; without keels. Lower glume apex acute. Upper glume lanceolate; membranous; without keels. Upper glume apex acute.
    Florets
    Fertile lemma lanceolate, or ovate; 10-14 mm long; chartaceous; without keel; 9 -veined. Lemma lateral veins with cross-veins. Lemma apex acute. Palea 8-12 mm long. Palea apex dentate; 2 -fid. Apical sterile florets resembling fertile though underdeveloped.
    Flowers
    Lodicules 3; 1.5-2.5 mm long; membranous; ciliate. Anthers 3; 4-8 mm long; purple. Stigmas 2.
    Fruits
    Caryopsis with fleshy pericarp; 10-12 mm long. Endosperm evanescent.
    Distribution
    Asia-temperate: China.
    Reference
    Bambuseae. Wen 1996.

    Distribution

    Native to:

    China South-Central

    Chimonobambusa tumidissinoda Ohrnb. appears in other Kew resources:

    First published in Bamboos World Gen. Chimonobambusa: 45 (1990)

    Accepted by

    • Wu, Z. & Raven, P.H. (eds.) (2006). Poaceae Flora of China 22: 1-733. Missouri Botanical Garden Press, St. Louis.
    • Clayton, W.D., Harman, K.T. & Williamson, H. (2006). World Grass Species - Synonymy database The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.

    Literature

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    • Wu, Z. & Raven, P.H. (eds.) (2006). Poaceae Flora of China 22: 1-733. Missouri Botanical Garden Press, St. Louis.

    Sources

    GrassBase - The Online World Grass Flora
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2020. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2020. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0