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This species is accepted, and its native range is New World. It is used as a medicine.

[CPLC]

Bernal, R., Gradstein, S.R. & Celis, M. (eds.). 2015. Catálogo de plantas y líquenes de Colombia. Instituto de Ciencias Naturales, Universidad Nacional de Colombia, Bogotá. http://catalogoplantasdecolombia.unal.edu.co

Distribution
Nativa en Colombia; Alt. 0 - 3000 m.; Amazonia, Andes, Guayana y Serranía de La Macarena, Llanura del Caribe, Orinoquia, Pacífico, Sierra Nevada de Santa Marta, Valle del Cauca, Valle del Magdalena.
Morphology General Habit
Hierba
Conservation
No Evaluada

[GB]
Morphology General Habit
Perennial. Rhizomes absent, or short; knotty. Culms erect, or geniculately ascending; 30-110 cm long. Culm-internodes thin-walled. Culm-nodes glabrous. Leaf-sheaths without keel; glabrous on surface; outer margin glabrous. Leaf-sheath oral hairs ciliate. Ligule a fringe of hairs; 0.4-1.2 mm long. Leaf-blades 10-30 cm long; 2-7 mm wide. Leaf-blade surface scabrous; rough adaxially. Leaf-blade margins scaberulous. Leaf-blade apex acuminate.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences
Inflorescence a panicle. Panicle spiciform; linear; 2-6 cm long; 0.8-1.4 cm wide. Primary panicle branches sterile at the tips. Panicle axis scabrous. Spikelets subtended by an involucre. Fertile spikelets pedicelled; 1 in the cluster. Involucre composed of bristles. Involucral bristles persistent; 6-11 per spikelet; 1.5-8 mm long; antrorsely scaberulous; glabrous. Pedicels reduced to a stump; tip cupuliform.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences Spikelets
Spikelets comprising 1 basal sterile florets; 1 fertile florets; without rhachilla extension. Spikelets lanceolate, or elliptic; dorsally compressed; acute; 2.2-2.8 mm long; falling entire.
Fertile
Spikelets comprising 1 basal sterile florets; 1 fertile florets; without rhachilla extension. Spikelets lanceolate, or elliptic; dorsally compressed; acute; 2.2-2.8 mm long; falling entire.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences Bracts Glume
Glumes shorter than spikelet; thinner than fertile lemma. Lower glume ovate; 1.1-1.4 mm long; 0.5 length of spikelet; membranous; without keels; 3-5 -veined. Lower glume apex acute. Upper glume ovate; 1.3-1.8 mm long; 0.5 length of spikelet; membranous; without keels; 5 -veined. Upper glume apex acute.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Florets
Basal sterile florets barren; with palea. Lemma of lower sterile floret ovate; 1 length of spikelet; membranous; 5 -veined; acute. Fertile lemma lanceolate, or elliptic; dorsally compressed; 2-2.6 mm long; indurate; dark brown; without keel. Lemma surface rugose. Lemma margins involute. Lemma apex acute. Palea involute; indurate. Palea surface rugose.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers
Anthers 3; 1.2-1.6 mm long; yellow, or brown.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Fruits
Caryopsis with adherent pericarp; ellipsoid; 1.7 mm long.
Distribution
Europe: southwestern. Africa: Macaronesia, northeast tropical, south, and western Indian ocean. Asia-temperate: China and eastern Asia. Asia-tropical: India, Indo-China, Malesia, and Papuasia. Australasia: Australia and New Zealand. Pacific: southwestern, south-central, northwestern, and north-central. North America: north-central USA, northeast USA, southwest USA, south-central USA, southeast USA, and Mexico. South America: Mesoamericana, Caribbean, northern South America, western South America, Brazil, and southern South America.
Reference
Paniceae. Fl Ceyl 1993.

[UPB]

The Useful Plants of Boyacá project

Ecology
Alt. 0 - 3000 m.
Morphology General Habit
Herb.
Distribution
Native from Colombia.
Conservation
Not Evaluated.

[GB]
Morphology General Habit
Annual, or perennial; caespitose. Culms geniculately ascending; 30-200 cm long. Lateral branches ample. Ligule a ciliate membrane. Leaf-blades 10-40 cm long; 3-16 mm wide.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences
Inflorescence a panicle. Panicle spiciform; linear; straight, or curved; 3-25 cm long; (0.6-)0.8-1(-1.5) cm wide (excluding bristles). Primary panicle branches accrescent to a central axis; with sessile scars on axis. Panicle axis with briefly decurrent ribs; glabrous; bearing deciduous spikelet clusters. Spikelets subtended by an involucre. Fertile spikelets sessile; 1 in the cluster. Involucre composed of bristles; oblong; 4-12 mm long; base obtuse. Involucral bristles deciduous with the fertile spikelets; numerous; with an outer whorl of thinner bristles; with one conspicuously longer bristle; 6-25 mm long; terete; flexible; antrorsely scaberulous; glabrous, or ciliate.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences Spikelets
Spikelets comprising 1 basal sterile florets; 1 fertile florets; without rhachilla extension. Spikelets lanceolate; dorsally compressed; 2-5 mm long; falling entire; deciduous with accessory branch structures; readily shedding fertile florets.
Fertile
Spikelets comprising 1 basal sterile florets; 1 fertile florets; without rhachilla extension. Spikelets lanceolate; dorsally compressed; 2-5 mm long; falling entire; deciduous with accessory branch structures; readily shedding fertile florets.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences Bracts Glume
Glumes one the lower absent or obscure, or two; dissimilar; reaching apex of florets; thinner than fertile lemma. Lower glume lanceolate; 0-1 mm long; 0-0.2 length of spikelet; hyaline; without keels; 0 -veined. Lower glume lateral veins absent. Lower glume apex obtuse, or acute. Upper glume oblong; 1 length of spikelet; membranous; without keels; 5 -veined. Upper glume apex acute; muticous, or mucronate.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Florets
Basal sterile florets male, or barren; with palea, or without significant palea. Lemma of lower sterile floret similar to upper glume; oblong; 1 length of spikelet; membranous; 5 -veined; dentate; 3 -fid. Fertile lemma oblong; 2-3 mm long; coriaceous; shiny; without keel; 5 -veined. Lemma margins flat. Lemma apex obtuse. Palea coriaceous.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers
Lodicules absent. Anthers 3; anther tip smooth.
Distribution
Africa: Macaronesia, west tropical, west-central tropical, northeast tropical, east tropical, southern tropical, and western Indian ocean. Asia-temperate: Arabia, China, and eastern Asia. Asia-tropical: India, Indo-China, Malesia, and Papuasia. Australasia: Australia. Pacific: southwestern, northwestern, and north-central. North America: southeast USA and Mexico. South America: Mesoamericana, Caribbean, northern South America, western South America, and Brazil.
Reference
Paniceae. FTEA.

[CPLC]

Bernal, R., Gradstein, S.R. & Celis, M. (eds.). 2015. Catálogo de plantas y líquenes de Colombia. Instituto de Ciencias Naturales, Universidad Nacional de Colombia, Bogotá. http://catalogoplantasdecolombia.unal.edu.co

Distribution
Naturalizada en Colombia; Alt. 0 - 2000 m.; Andes, Orinoquia, Pacífico, Sierra Nevada de Santa Marta, Valle del Cauca.
Morphology General Habit
Hierba
Conservation
No Evaluada

[UPB]
Use Medicines
Medicinal (State of the World's Plants 2016).

Native to:

Alabama, Argentina Northeast, Argentina Northwest, Argentina South, Arizona, Arkansas, Bahamas, Belize, Bermuda, Bolivia, Brazil North, Brazil Northeast, Brazil South, Brazil Southeast, Brazil West-Central, California, Cayman Is., Central American Pac, Chile Central, Chile North, Chile South, Colombia, Connecticut, Costa Rica, Cuba, Delaware, Desventurados Is., District of Columbia, Dominican Republic, Ecuador, El Salvador, Florida, French Guiana, Galápagos, Georgia, Guatemala, Guyana, Haiti, Honduras, Idaho, Illinois, Indiana, Iowa, Jamaica, Juan Fernández Is., Kansas, Kentucky, Leeward Is., Louisiana, Maryland, Massachusetts, Mexican Pacific Is., Mexico Central, Mexico Gulf, Mexico Northeast, Mexico Northwest, Mexico Southeast, Mexico Southwest, Mississippi, Missouri, Nevada, New Jersey, New Mexico, New York, Nicaragua, North Carolina, Ohio, Oklahoma, Oregon, Panamá, Paraguay, Pennsylvania, Peru, Puerto Rico, Rhode I., South Carolina, Suriname, Tennessee, Texas, Trinidad-Tobago, Turks-Caicos Is., Uruguay, Utah, Venezuela, Venezuelan Antilles, Virginia, Washington, West Virginia, Windward Is.

Introduced into:

Algeria, Austria, Cambodia, Canary Is., Cape Provinces, Caroline Is., Chatham Is., China South-Central, China Southeast, Cook Is., Easter Is., Equatorial Guinea, Fiji, Hainan, Hawaii, India, Italy, Jawa, Kermadec Is., Laos, Lesser Sunda Is., Madagascar, Madeira, Malaya, Marianas, Marshall Is., Myanmar, Nansei-shoto, Nepal, New Caledonia, New Guinea, New Zealand North, New Zealand South, Palestine, Philippines, Réunion, Sardegna, Solomon Is., Sri Lanka, Taiwan, Thailand, Tonga, Vietnam, West Himalaya

Setaria parviflora (Poir.) Kerguélen appears in other Kew resources:

Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
Nov 24, 1985 Galapagos K001469799
Mar 13, 1985 Ecuador K001469762 ISO
Aug 15, 1969 Ecuador K001469791
Aug 6, 1957 Columbia K001469717
Jul 1, 1903 Ecuador K001469766
Santos, T.S. [3426], Bahia K000004444
Harley, R.M. [19385], Bahia K000004445
Hage, J.L. [1587], Bahia K000004442
Harley, R.M. [21149], Bahia K000004449
Harley, R.M. [21313], Bahia K000004446
Andrade, K. [116], Pernambuco K000004435
Noblick, L.R. [2627], Bahia K000004441
Hage, J.L. [1921], Bahia K000004439
Atkins, S. [CFCR14778], Bahia K000004432
Sarmento, A.C. [757], Rio Grande do Norte K000004438
Andrade, K. [116], Pernambuco K000004436
Brito, H.S. [243], Bahia K000004443
Hage, J.L. [1978], Bahia K000004440
Bommer, D. [3], Brazil K000004433
Gardner [0], Pernambuco K000004434
Bona Nascimento, M.S. [422], Brazil K000004437
Harley, R.M. [16614], Bahia K000004447
Harley, R.M. [18950], Bahia K000004450
Harley, R.M. [15395], Bahia K000004448
Martius [s.n.], Bahia K000004431 isotype
Gardner [3516], Brazil K000004430
Robinson, C.B. [41], Indonesia K000290261 epitype
Boden Kloss, C. [s.n.] K000290614
Bolus, F. [14919], South Africa K000281844
Bolus, F. [14738], South Africa K000281843 paratype
Welwitsch [2694], Angola K000255520 isotype
Kerr, A.F.G. [11297], Thailand K000621095
Kerr, A.F.G. [11297], Thailand K000621096
Kerr, A.F.G. [13698], Thailand K000621097
Put [150], Thailand K000621100
Marcan, A. [1788], Thailand K000621101
Geesink, R. [7142], Thailand K000688217
van Beusekom, C.F. [3826], Thailand K000688218
Sorensen, Th. [3856], Thailand K000688220
Williams, L. [17263], Thailand K000688221
Robinson, H.C. [6422], Thailand K000688216
Chantaranothai, P. [90/52], Thailand K000688214
Sellow [s.n.], Brazil K000643141
Bourgeau, E. [2639], Mexico K000643175
Hinton, G.B. [4481], México State K000476231
Hinton, G.B. [9320], Guerrero K000476234
Moore, S. [549], Brazil K001078335
Clayton, W.D. [4290], Brazil K001078339
s.coll. [899], Brazil K001078349
Fróes, R.L. [20310], Brazil K001078350
Clayton, W.D. [4831], Brazil K001078346
Spruce, R. [5809], Ecuador K000201713
Kerr, A.F.G. [13698], Thailand K000621098
Drummond, T. [76], Texas K000885878
Mexia, Y.E.J. [5439], Brazil K001078342
Takawa, M. [T 9188], Thailand K000688219
md Haniff [4365], Thailand K000688270
Bourgeau, E. [231], Mexico K000643176
Phleonchit [1511], Thailand K000688222
Sellow [s.n.], Brazil K001078337
Kerr, A.F.G. [1246], Thailand K000621091
Kerr, A.F.G. [6209], Thailand K000621093
Kerr, A.F.G. [1246], Thailand K000621092
Tweedie, J. [672], Brazil K001078351
Sellow [s.n.], Brazil K001078338
Chantaranothai [90/730], Thailand K000688215
Curtiss, A.H. [3614], Florida K000885875
s.coll. [65], Brazil K001078344
Spruce, R. [s.n.], Ecuador K000201714
Hinton, G.B. [4012], México State K000476230
Hinton, G.B. [4291], México State K000476232
Glaziou, A.F.M. [19890], Brazil K001078348
Clayton, W.D. [4397], Brazil K001078341
Kerr, A.F.G. [8032], Thailand K000621094
Drummond, T. [14], Texas K000885876
Drummond, T. [76], Texas K000885879
Spruce, R. [5809], Peru K000201715
Hinton, G.B. [1318], México State K000476233
Glaziou, A.F.M. [22404], Brazil K001078343
Hinton, G.B. [5635], Michoacán K000476229
Dusén, P. [11368], Brazil K001078340
Drummond, T. [s.n.], Texas K000885877
Kerr, A.F.G. [13698], Thailand K000621099
Prance, G.T. [8613], Brazil K001078347
K000643168
Gardner, G. [211], Brazil K001078336
Clayton, W.D. [4087], Brazil K001078345
Peru K000326036
Peru K000326058
Peru K000326074
Panama K001469671
Panama K001469672
Panama K001469673
Panama K001469674
Panama K001469675
Panama K001469676
Panama K001469677
Venezuela K001469681
Venezuela K001469682
Venezuela K001469683
Venezuela K001469684
Venezuela K001469685
Venezuela K001469686
Venezuela K001469687
Venezuela K001469688
Venezuela K001469689
Venezuela K001469690
Venezuela K001469691
Venezuela K001469692
Venezuela K001469693
Columbia K001469694
Columbia K001469695
Columbia K001469696
Columbia K001469697
Columbia K001469698
Columbia K001469699
Columbia K001469700
Columbia K001469701
Columbia K001469702
Columbia K001469703
Columbia K001469704
Columbia K001469705
Columbia K001469706
Columbia K001469707
Columbia K001469708
Columbia K001469709
Columbia K001469710
Columbia K001469711
Columbia K001469712
Columbia K001469713
Columbia K001469714
Columbia K001469715
Columbia K001469716
Columbia K001469718
Columbia K001469719
Columbia K001469720
Columbia K001469721
Columbia K001469722
Columbia K001469723
Lehmann, F.C. [5263], Colombia K001469724
Lehmann, F.C. [5263], Colombia K001469725
Columbia K001469726
Columbia K001469727
Columbia K001469728
Columbia K001469729
Columbia K001469730
Columbia K001469731
Columbia K001469732
Columbia K001469733
Columbia K001469734
Columbia K001469735
Columbia K001469736
Columbia K001469737
Ecuador (Loja) K001469738
Ecuador (Loja) K001469739
Ecuador (Pichincha) K001469740
Ecuador (Pichincha) K001469741
Ecuador (Pichincha) K001469742
Ecuador (Pichincha) K001469743
Ecuador (Pichincha) K001469744
Ecuador (Pichincha) K001469745
Ecuador (Pichincha) K001469746
Ecuador (Pichincha) K001469747
Ecuador (Pichincha) K001469748
Ecuador (Pichincha) K001469749
Ecuador (Pichincha) K001469750
Ecuador K001469751
Ecuador K001469752
Ecuador K001469753
Ecuador K001469754
Ecuador K001469755
Ecuador K001469756
Ecuador K001469757
Ecuador K001469758
Ecuador K001469759
Ecuador K001469760
Ecuador K001469761
Ecuador K001469763
Ecuador K001469764
Ecuador K001469765
Peru K001469767
Peru K001469768
Peru K001469769
Peru K001469770
Peru K001469771
Peru K001469772
Peru K001469773
Peru K001469774
Peru K001469775
Peru K001469776
Peru K001469777
Peru K001469778
Peru K001469779
Peru K001469780
Peru K001469781
Peru K001469782
Peru K001469783
Peru K001469784
Peru K001469785
Peru K001469786
Peru K001469787
Peru K001469788
Peru K001469789
Ecuador K001469790
Ecuador K001469792
Ecuador K001469793
Ecuador K001469794
Ecuador K001469795
Ecuador K001469796
Ecuador K001469797
Ecuador K001469798
Galapagos K001469800
Galapagos K001469801
Galapagos K001469802
Galapagos K001469803
Peru K001469804
Peru K001469805
Peru K001469806
Peru K001469807
s.coll. [Cat. no. 8641] Setaria imberbis K001131085
s.coll. [Cat. no. 8641] Setaria imberbis K001131088
Wallich, N. [Cat. no. 8641], Myanmar Setaria imberbis K001131087
s.coll. [Cat. no. 8641], India Setaria imberbis K001131083
Akkul, M. [Cat. no. 8641], Myanmar Setaria imberbis K001131086
s.coll. [Cat. no. 8641] Setaria imberbis K001131084
Laegaard, S.; Jager, H.; Henderson, S.; Pozo, P. [22418], Ecuador Setaria geniculata K001469678
Galapagos Setaria geniculata K001469679
Galapagos Setaria geniculata K001469680
Jan 1, 2016 Hooker, J.D. [92], Cape Verde Pennisetum polystachion K000281298 Unknown type material
Jan 1, 1997 Laegaard, S. [18138], Burkina Faso Pennisetum polystachion K000212053
Jan 1, 1982 s.coll. [338] Pennisetum polystachion K001106024
Nov 1, 1971 Aké Assi, L. [11489], Burkina Faso Pennisetum polystachion K000212081
Jan 1, 1970 Geerling, C. [1469], Burkina Faso Pennisetum polystachion K000212055
Jan 1, 1970 Geerling, C. [1158], Burkina Faso Pennisetum polystachion K000212054
Jan 1, 1969 Scholz [80], Burkina Faso Pennisetum polystachion K000212082
Oct 17, 1962 Kmoch [146], Burkina Faso Pennisetum polystachion K000212084
Thonning, Ghana Pennisetum polystachion K000281136
Jeffreys, M.D.W. [23], Nigeria Pennisetum polystachion K000281137
Thonning [375], Guinea Pennisetum polystachion K000281139
Thomas, N.W. [5615], Sierra Leone Pennisetum polystachion K000281138
Bon, Sierra Leone Pennisetum polystachion K000281152
s.coll. [5853], India Pennisetum polystachion K000245387 Unknown type material
Roxburgh, W. [s.n.], India Pennisetum polystachion K000245388 Unknown type material
Vogel [112], Cape Verde Pennisetum polystachion K000281299 Unknown type material
Chantaranothai, P. [826], Thailand Pennisetum polystachion K000688363
Timberlake, J. [s.n.], Malawi Pennisetum polystachion K000614821
s.coll. [403], Mali Pennisetum polystachion K000212075
Dias-Melo, R. [246], Brazil Pennisetum polystachion K001102995
Glaziou, A. [20096], Brazil Pennisetum polystachion K001106002
Irwin, H.S. [15714], Brazil Pennisetum polystachion K001106017
Riedel [s.n.], Brazil Pennisetum polystachion K001106029
Ferreira, L.F. [78], Brazil Pennisetum polystachion K001102998
P.J.M. [528], Brazil Pennisetum polystachion K001103000
Davidse, G. [12292], Brazil Pennisetum polystachion K001106030
Scholz [41], Burkina Faso Pennisetum polystachion K000212080
Eiten, G. [4576], Brazil Pennisetum polystachion K001106035
Nascimento, M.S.B. [1297], Brazil Pennisetum polystachion K001106011
Santos, R.R. [1259], Brazil Pennisetum polystachion K001102999
Bona Nascimento, M.S. [1298], Brazil Pennisetum polystachion K001106032
Hatschbach, G. [78308], Brazil Pennisetum polystachion K001106010
Naegele, A. [25], Burkina Faso Pennisetum polystachion K000212050
Hinton, G.B. [4013], México State Pennisetum polystachion K000476260
Madagascar Pennisetum polystachion K000244665
Spruce, R. [878], Brazil Pennisetum polystachion K001106004
Bona Nascimento, M.S. [618], Brazil Pennisetum polystachion K001102994
Sendulsky, T. [1270], Brazil Pennisetum polystachion K001106016
Ratter, J.A. [6174], Brazil Pennisetum polystachion K001102997
Tweedie [1326], Brazil Pennisetum polystachion K001106006
Glaziou [5716], Brazil Pennisetum polystachion K001106009
Hinton, G.B. [9824], Guerrero Pennisetum polystachion K000476257
Carauta, J.P.P. [894], Brazil Pennisetum polystachion K001102996
Glaziou [18638], Brazil Pennisetum polystachion K001106020
Hinton, G.B. [1159a], México State Pennisetum polystachion K000476259
Hinton, G.B. [2191], México State Pennisetum polystachion K000476262
Kmoch [181], Burkina Faso Pennisetum polystachion K000212083
Hinton, G.B. [5262], México State Pennisetum polystachion K000476261
Burchell, W.J. [8958], Brazil Pennisetum polystachion K001106021
Eiten, G. [4335], Brazil Pennisetum polystachion K001106031
Hinton, G.B. [1159], México State Pennisetum polystachion K000476258
Eiten, G. [4708], Brazil Pennisetum polystachion K001106033
Glaziou, A. [1234], Brazil Pennisetum polystachion K001106028
Chantaranothai, P. [1545], Thailand Pennisetum polystachion K000688364
Burchell [9062/2], Brazil Pennisetum polystachion K001106022
Miers, J. [3005], Brazil Pennisetum polystachion K001106008
Geerling, C. [1170], Burkina Faso Pennisetum polystachion K000212052
Commerson [s.n.], Argentina Pennisetum polystachion K001106001
Edmonston [s.n.], Brazil Pennisetum polystachion K001106025
Geerling, C. [1434], Burkina Faso Pennisetum polystachion K000212051
Clayton, W.D. [4840], Brazil Pennisetum polystachion K001106018
Tweedie [1326], Brazil Pennisetum polystachion K001106007
Ule, E. [7923], Brazil Pennisetum polystachion K001106023
Gardner [145], Brazil Pennisetum polystachion K001106026
Riedel [s.n.], Brazil Pennisetum polystachion K001106027
Yotsumoto, T. [2], Brazil Pennisetum polystachion K001106015
Brooks, R.R. [88], Brazil Pennisetum polystachion K001106014
Glaziou, A. [20097], Brazil Pennisetum polystachion K001106037
Nee, M. [34464], Brazil Pennisetum polystachion K001106013
Gay, J. [s.n.], Brazil Pennisetum polystachion K001106019
van Beusekom, C.F. [3788], Thailand Pennisetum polystachion K000688362
Burchell [8769], Brazil Pennisetum polystachion K001106005
Bona Nascimento, M.S. [1202], Brazil Pennisetum polystachion K001106012
Spruce [878], Brazil Pennisetum polystachion K001106003
Santos, R.R. [3051968], Brazil Pennisetum polystachion K001106036
Pinto, G.C.P. [9105], Bahia Panicum penicillatum K000003491
s.coll. [Cat. no. 8640] Setaria penicillata K001131082
s.coll. [Cat. no. 8640], India Setaria penicillata K001131079
s.coll. [Cat. no. 8640], Bangladesh Setaria penicillata K001131078
s.coll. [Cat. no. 8640] Setaria penicillata K001131081
s.coll. [Cat. no. 8640] Setaria penicillata K001131080

First published in Lejeunia, n.s., 120: 161 (1987)

Accepted by

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  • Boggan, J. Funck, V. & Kelloff, C. (1997). Checklist of the Plants of the Guianas (Guyana, Surinam, Franch Guiana) ed. 2: 1-238. University of Guyana, Georgetown.
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  • Clayton, W.D. & Snow, N. (2010). A key to Pacific Grasses: 1-107. Kew Publishing, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
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  • Cossu, T.A, Camarda, I. & Brundu, G. (2014). A catalogue of non-native weeds in irrigated crops in Sardinia (Italy) Webbia; Raccolta de Scritti Botanici 69: 145-156.
  • Davidse, G. & al. (eds.) (1994). Flora Mesoamericana 6: 1-543. Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México, México, D.F.
  • Dobignard, A. & Chatelain, C. (2013). Index synonymique de la flore d'Afrique du nord 5: 1-451. Éditions des conservatoire et jardin botaniques, Genève.
  • Dobignard, D. & Chatelain, C. (2010). Index synonymique de la flore d'Afrique du nord 1: 1-455. Éditions des conservatoire et jardin botaniques, Genève.
  • Dávila, P., Mejia-Saulés, M.T., Gómez-Sánchez, N., Valdés-Reyna, J., Ortíz, J.J., Morín, C., Castrejón, J. & Ocampo, A. (2006). Catálogo de las Gramíneas de México: 1-671. CONABIO, México city.
  • Edgar, E & Connor, H.E. (2010). Flora of New Zealand, ed. 2, 5: 1-650. R.E.Owen, Government Printer, Wellington.
  • Engelmaier, P. & Wilhalm, T. (2018). Alien grasses (Poaceae) in the flora of the Eastern Alps Neilreichia 9: 177-245.
  • Flora of North America Editorial Committee (2003). Flora of North America North of Mexico 25: 1-781. Oxford University Press, New York, Oxford.
  • Giraldo-Cañas, D. (2011). Catálogo de la familia Poaceae en Colombia Darwiniana 49: 139-247.
  • Girmansyah, D. & al. (eds.) (2013). Flora of Bali an annotated checklist: 1-158. Herbarium Bogorensis, Indonesia.
  • Greuter, W. & Raus, T. (eds.) (2010). Med-Checklist Notulae, 29 Willdenowia 40: 189-204.
  • Hokche, O., Berry, P.E. & Huber, O. (eds.) (2008). Nuevo Catálogo de la Flora Vascular de Venezuela: 1-859. Fundación Instituto Botánico de Venezuela.
  • Jørgensen, P.M. & León-Yánez, S. (eds.) (1999). Catalogue of the Vascular Plants of Ecuador Monographs in Systematic Botany from the Missouri Botanical Garden 75: i-viii, 1-1181.
  • Kress, W.J., DeFilipps, R.A., Farr, E. & Kyi, D.Y.Y. (2003). A Checklist of the Trees, Shrubs, Herbs and Climbers of Myanmar Contributions from the United States National Herbarium 45: 1-590.
  • Middleton, D.J. & al. (eds.) (2019). Flora of Singapore 7: 1-525. Singapore Botanic Gardens.
  • Nelson Sutherland, C.H. (2008). Catálogo de las plantes vasculares de Honduras. Espermatofitas: 1-1576. SERNA/Guaymuras, Tegucigalpa, Honduras.
  • Newman, M., Ketphanh, S., Svengsuksa, B., Thomas, P., Sengdala, K., Lamxay, V. & Armstrong, K. (2007). A checklist of the vascular plants of Lao PDR: 1-394. Royal Botanic Gardens, Edinburgh.
  • Renvoize, S.A. (1998). Gramineas de Bolivia: 1-644. The Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
  • Sumadijaya, A. (2011). An account of the non-bambusoid alien grasses (Poaceae) in Java, one century after first records by Backer Folia Malaysiana 12: 47-68.
  • Sykes, W.R. (2016). Flora of the Cook Islands: 1-973. National Tropical Botanical Garden, Hawaii.
  • Turner, I.M. (1995 publ. 1997). A catalogue of the Vascular Plants of Malaya Gardens' Bulletin Singapore 47(2): 347-655.
  • Wu, Z. & Raven, P.H. (eds.) (2006). Poaceae Flora of China 22: 1-733. Missouri Botanical Garden Press, St. Louis.
  • Zuloaga, F.O., Morrone, O. & Pensiero, J.F. (2014). Gramineae VI Flora del Paraguay 45: 1-392. Editions des Conservatoire et Jardin botaniques de la ville de Genève.
  • Zuloaga, F.O., Morrone, O. , Belgrano, M.J., Marticorena, C. & Marchesi, E. (eds.) (2008). Catálogo de las Plantas Vasculares del Cono Sur Monographs in Systematic Botany from the Missouri Botanical Garden 107: 1-3348.

Literature

Catálogo de Plantas y Líquenes de Colombia

  • WCVP (2021). World Checklist of Vascular Plants, version 2.0. Facilitated by the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet; http://wcvp.science.kew.org/ Retrieved 28 April 2021

Useful Plants of Boyacá Project

  • Kew Medicinal Plant Names Services (MPNS) https://www.kew.org/science/data-and-resources/tools-and-services/medicinal-plant-names-services in The State of the World’s Plants Report–2016. (2016). Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew https://stateoftheworldsplants.or

Kew Backbone Distributions

  • Acevedo-Rodríguez, P. & Strong, M.T. (2012). Catalogue of seed plants of the West Indies Smithsonian Contributions to Botany 98: 1-1192.
  • Aedo, C., Tellería, M.T. & Velayos, M. (eds.) (1999). Bases Documentales para la Flora de Guinea Ecuatorial; Plantas vascularis y hongos: 1-414. CSIC, real jardín Botánico, Madrid.
  • Boggan, J. Funck, V. & Kelloff, C. (1997). Checklist of the Plants of the Guianas (Guyana, Surinam, Franch Guiana) ed. 2: 1-238. University of Guyana, Georgetown.
  • Bosser, J. (1969). Gramiées des pasturages et des cultures a Madagascar: 1-440. ORSTOM, Paris.
  • Brako, L. & Zarucchi, J.L. (1993). Catalogue of the Flowering Plants and Gymnosperms of Peru Monographs in Systematic Botany from the Missouri Botanical Garden 45: i-xl, 1-1286.
  • Chou, S., Chhnang, P. & Kim, Y. (2016). A Checklist for the Seed Plants of Cambodia: 1-272. National Institute of Biological Resources, Korea.
  • Clayton, W.D. & Snow, N. (2010). A key to Pacific Grasses: 1-107. Kew Publishing, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
  • Correll, D.S. & Correll, H.B. (1982). Flora of the Bahama Archipelago: 1-1692. J.Cramer, Vaduz.
  • Cossu, T.A, Camarda, I. & Brundu, G. (2014). A catalogue of non-native weeds in irrigated crops in Sardinia (Italy) Webbia; Raccolta de Scritti Botanici 69: 145-156.
  • Dassanayake (ed.) (1994). A Revised Handbook to the Flora of Ceylon 8: 1-458. Oxford & IBH Publishing Co. PVT. LTD., New Delhi, Calcutta.
  • Davidse, G. & al. (eds.) (1994). Flora Mesoamericana 6: 1-543. Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México, México, D.F.
  • Dobignard, A. & Chatelain, C. (2013). Index synonymique de la flore d'Afrique du nord 5: 1-451. Éditions des conservatoire et jardin botaniques, Genève.
  • Dobignard, D. & Chatelain, C. (2010). Index synonymique de la flore d'Afrique du nord 1: 1-455. Éditions des conservatoire et jardin botaniques, Genève.
  • Dávila, P., Mejia-Saulés, M.T., Gómez-Sánchez, N., Valdés-Reyna, J., Ortíz, J.J., Morín, C., Castrejón, J. & Ocampo, A. (2006). Catálogo de las Gramíneas de México: 1-671. CONABIO, México city.
  • Edgar, E & Connor, H.E. (2010). Flora of New Zealand, ed. 2, 5: 1-650. R.E.Owen, Government Printer, Wellington.
  • Engelmaier, P. & Wilhalm, T. (2018). Alien grasses (Poaceae) in the flora of the Eastern Alps Neilreichia 9: 177-245.
  • Flora of North America Editorial Committee (2003). Flora of North America North of Mexico 25: 1-781. Oxford University Press, New York, Oxford.
  • Forzza, R.C. & al. (2013). Lista de Espécies da Flora do Brasil http://floradobrasil.jbrj.gov.br/2010/.
  • Germishuizen, G. & Meyer, N.L. (eds.) (2003). Plants of Southern Africa: an annotated checklist. Strelitzia 14.: i-vi, 1-1231. National Botanical Institute, Pretoria.
  • Gilliland, H.B. (1971). A revised flora of Malaya 3: 1-319. The Royal Botanic Gardens, Singapore.
  • Giraldo-Cañas, D. (2011). Catálogo de la familia Poaceae en Colombia Darwiniana 49: 139-247.
  • Girmansyah, D. & al. (eds.) (2013). Flora of Bali an annotated checklist: 1-158. Herbarium Bogorensis, Indonesia.
  • Greuter, W. & Raus, T. (eds.) (2010). Med-Checklist Notulae, 29 Willdenowia 40: 189-204.
  • H?, P.-H. (2000). Câyc? Vi?tnam. An Illustrated flora of Vietnam, ed. 2, 3: 1-1020. Pham-hoang Ho, Montréal.
  • Hokche, O., Berry, P.E. & Huber, O. (eds.) (2008). Nuevo Catálogo de la Flora Vascular de Venezuela: 1-859. Fundación Instituto Botánico de Venezuela.
  • Jørgensen, P.M. & León-Yánez, S. (eds.) (1999). Catalogue of the Vascular Plants of Ecuador Monographs in Systematic Botany from the Missouri Botanical Garden 75: i-viii, 1-1181.
  • Kandwal, M.K. & Gupta, B.K. (2009). An update on grass flora of Uttarkhand Indian Journal of Forestry 32: 657-668.
  • Karthikeyan, S., Jain, S.K., Nayar, M.P. & Sanjappa, M. (1989). Florae Indicae Enumeratio: Monocotyledonae: 1-435. Botanical Survey of India, Calcutta.
  • Koyama, T. (1987). Grasses of Japan and its neighboring regions: an identification manual: 1-570. Kodansha, Tokyo, Japan.
  • Levin, G.A. & Moran, R. (1989). The vascular flora of isla Socorro, Mexico: 1-71. Dept. of Botany, San Diego Natural History Museum, San Diego.
  • Nelson Sutherland, C.H. (2008). Catálogo de las plantes vasculares de Honduras. Espermatofitas: 1-1576. SERNA/Guaymuras, Tegucigalpa, Honduras.
  • Newman, M., Ketphanh, S., Svengsuksa, B., Thomas, P., Sengdala, K., Lamxay, V. & Armstrong, K. (2007). A checklist of the vascular plants of Lao PDR: 1-394. Royal Botanic Gardens, Edinburgh.
  • Press, J.R. et al. (2000). Annotated Checklist of the Flowering Plants of Nepal: i-x, 1-430. Natural History Museum, London.
  • Pullaiah, T. & Karuppusamy, S. (2020). Flora of Eastern Ghats 7: 1-474. Regency publications, New Deli.
  • Renvoize, S.A. (1998). Gramineas de Bolivia: 1-644. The Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
  • Sumadijaya, A. (2011). An account of the non-bambusoid alien grasses (Poaceae) in Java, one century after first records by Backer Folia Malaysiana 12: 47-68.
  • Sykes, W.R. (2016). Flora of the Cook Islands: 1-973. National Tropical Botanical Garden, Hawaii.
  • Wu, Z. & Raven, P.H. (eds.) (2006). Poaceae Flora of China 22: 1-733. Missouri Botanical Garden Press, St. Louis.
  • Zuloaga, F.O., Morrone, O. , Belgrano, M.J., Marticorena, C. & Marchesi, E. (eds.) (2008). Catálogo de las Plantas Vasculares del Cono Sur Monographs in Systematic Botany from the Missouri Botanical Garden 107: 1-3348.
  • de Cordemoy, E.J. (1895). Flore de l'ile de la Réunion: 1-574. Librairie des sciences naturelles Paul Klincksieck, Paris.

Catálogo de Plantas y Líquenes de Colombia
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Colombian resources for Plants made Accessible
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