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  1. Family: Polygonaceae Juss.
    1. Genus: Persicaria Mill.
      1. Persicaria decipiens (R.Br.) K.L.Wilson

        This species is accepted, and its native range is Tropical & Subtropical Old World to Australasia.

    [FZ]

    Flora Zambesiaca. Vol. 9, Part 3. Polygonaceae-Myriaceae. Pope GV, Polhill RM, Martins ES. 2006.

    Type
    Type from Australia.
    Habit
    A glabrous to glabrescent, erect or ± decumbent, sometimes straggling, perennial herb A glabrous to glabrescent, erect or ± decumbent, sometimes straggling, perennial herb.
    Stem
    Stems green becoming brown below, up to 1 m tall, simple or branched, rooting at the lower nodes Stems green becoming brown below, up to 1 m tall, simple or branched, rooting at the lower nodes.
    Leaves
    Leaves sessile or subsessile, 7–15 × 0.5–3 cm, linear-lanceolate to linear-elliptic, acute at the apex, attenuate at the base, glabrous, or more rarely papillose or pubescent, with stiff hairs on the margins and on the lower surface midrib Leaves sessile or subsessile, 7–15 × 0.5–3 cm, linear-lanceolate to linear-elliptic, acute at the apex, attenuate at the base, glabrous, or more rarely papillose or pubescent, with stiff hairs on the margins and on the lower surface midrib.
    Ocrea
    Ocrea brown, scarious, up to 2 cm long, rather thinly covered with closely ascending bristly hairs, apex truncate with a fringe of whitish-yellow erect-patent stiff bristles 8–15(20) mm long Ocrea brown, scarious, up to 2 cm long, rather thinly covered with closely ascending bristly hairs, apex truncate with a fringe of whitish-yellow erect-patent stiff bristles 8–15(20) mm long.
    Flowers
    Flowers pedicellate, 2–6 in fascicles surrounded by bracts, arranged in ± terminal spiciform racemes; racemes 2.5–8.5 cm long, 2 or more together, sometimes digitate, slender with a markedly zigzag appearance when immature; peduncles glabrous Flowers pedicellate, 2–6 in fascicles surrounded by bracts, arranged in ± terminal spiciform racemes; racemes 2.5–8.5 cm long, 2 or more together, sometimes digitate, slender with a markedly zigzag appearance when immature; peduncles glabrous.
    Bracts
    Bracts reddish-brown, glabrous, truncate or ± rounded at the apex with a fringe of rigid bristles c. 1 mm long Bracts reddish-brown, glabrous, truncate or ± rounded at the apex with a fringe of rigid bristles c. 1 mm long.
    Perianth
    Perianth white or pink, 1.8–3(3.5) mm long; lobes 5, longer than the tube, oblong-ovate, obtuse at the apex Perianth white or pink, 1.8–3(3.5) mm long; lobes 5, longer than the tube, oblong-ovate, obtuse at the apex.
    Stamens
    Stamens 5–8; filaments up to 1 mm long, filiform, inserted near the base of the tube; anthers pink, 0.2–0.25 mm long, ovate Stamens 5–8; filaments up to 1 mm long, filiform, inserted near the base of the tube; anthers pink, 0.2–0.25 mm long, ovate.
    Ovary
    Ovary 1.2 × 0.8 mm, ovoid; styles 3, 0.8 mm long, united for half their length
    Ecology
    In marshy places and edges of streams; sea level to 1800(2400) m.
    Distribution
    Mozambique Caprivi Strip Malawi Zimbabwe Zambia BOT N, ZAM B, ZAM N, ZAM W, ZAM C, ZAM E, ZAM S, ZIM N, ZIM W, ZIM C, ZIM E, ZIM S, MAL N, MAL C, MAL S, MOZ N, MOZ T, MOZ GI, MOZ M Botswana Widespread in southern Europe, Macaronesia, tropical and South Africa, tropical Asia, Australia and America; naturalized in Madagascar.
    Pistil
    Ovary 1.2 × 0.8 mm, ovoid; styles 3, 0.8 mm long, united for half their length.
    Fruits
    Nut black, smooth, shiny, 2–3 mm long, trigonous or lenticular. Nut black, smooth, shiny, 2–3 mm long, trigonous or lenticular.

    Images

    Distribution

    Native to:

    Albania, Algeria, Angola, Assam, Baleares, Bangladesh, Benin, Botswana, Bulgaria, Burkina, Burundi, Cameroon, Canary Is., Cape Provinces, Cape Verde, Caprivi Strip, Central African Repu, Chad, Chatham Is., Congo, Corse, Cyprus, East Aegean Is., Egypt, Ethiopia, France, Free State, Gabon, Gambia, Ghana, Greece, Guinea, Gulf of Guinea Is., India, Iran, Iraq, Italy, Ivory Coast, Kenya, Kriti, KwaZulu-Natal, Lebanon-Syria, Lesotho, Liberia, Libya, Madeira, Malawi, Mali, Morocco, Mozambique, Namibia, New Zealand North, New Zealand South, Niger, Nigeria, Norfolk Is., Northern Provinces, Palestine, Portugal, Rwanda, Sardegna, Senegal, Sicilia, Sierra Leone, Somalia, Spain, Sri Lanka, Sudan, Tanzania, Togo, Tunisia, Turkey, Turkey-in-Europe, Uganda, Zambia, Zaïre, Zimbabwe

    Introduced into:

    Madagascar

    Synonyms

    Common Names

    English
    Bistort, Snake root

    Other Data

    Persicaria decipiens (R.Br.) K.L.Wilson appears in other Kew resources:

    Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
    Jan 1, 2010 Hooker, J.D. [104], Cape Verde K001134481
    Jun 1, 2008 Mwachala, G. [1344], Kenya K000614853
    Feb 15, 1989 Brown, R. [2995], Australia K000831165
    Feb 1, 1989 Adamson, F.M. [275], Victoria K000831164 isolectotype
    Nov 1, 2003 Cheek, M. [9406], Cameroon Polygonum salicifolium K000198111
    Nov 1, 2003 Cheek, M. [9160], Cameroon Polygonum salicifolium K000198112
    Nov 1, 2003 Cheek, M. [7251], Cameroon Polygonum salicifolium K000198113
    Nov 1, 2003 Gosline, G. [196], Cameroon Polygonum salicifolium K000198110
    Jun 1, 2000 Cheek, M. [9849], Cameroon Polygonum salicifolium K000746942
    May 1, 1999 Buzgo, M. [703], Cameroon Polygonum salicifolium K000746943
    Salzmann [s.n.], Algeria Polygonum salicifolium K000244012
    Salzmann, P. [s.n.], Morocco Polygonum salicifolium K000244010
    Salzmann, P. [s.n.], Morocco Polygonum salicifolium K000244011

    Bibliography

    First published in Telopea 3: 178 (1988)

    Accepted by

    • Darbyshire, I., Kordofani, M., Farag, I., Candiga, R. & Pickering, H. (eds.) (2015). The Plants of Sudan and South Sudan: 1-400. Kew publishing, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Dobignard, A. & Chatelain, C. (2013). Index synonymique de la flore d'Afrique du nord 5: 1-451. Éditions des conservatoire et jardin botaniques, Genève.
    • Dimopoulos, P., Raus, T., Bergmeier, E., Constantinidis, T., Iatrou, G., Kokkini, S., Strid, A., & Tzanoudakis, D. (2013). Vascular plants of Greece. An annotated checklist: 1-372. Botanic gardens and botanical museum Berlin-Dahlem, Berlin and Hellenic botanical society, Athens.
    • Figueiredo, E., Paiva, J., Stévart, T., Oliveira, F. & Smith, G.F. (2011). Annotated catalogue of the flowering plants of São Tomé and Príncipe Bothalia, A Journal of Botanical Research 41: 41-82.
    • Figueiredo, E. & Smith, G.F. (2008). Plants of Angola Strelitzia 22: 1-279. National Botanical Institute, Pretoria.
    • Pope, G.V., Polhill, R.M. & Martins, E.S. (eds.) (2006). Flora Zambesiaca 9(3): 1-277. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Sosef, M.S.M. & al. (2006). Check-list des plantes vasculaires du Gabon Scripta Botanica Belgica 35: 1-438.
    • Germishuizen, G. & Meyer, N.L. (eds.) (2003). Plants of Southern Africa an annotated checklist Strelitzia 14: 1-1231. National Botanical Institute, Pretoria.
    • Edwards, S., Tadesse, M., Demissew, S. & Hedberg, I. (eds.) (2000). Flora of Ethiopia and Eritrea 2(1): 1-532. The National Herbarium, Addis Ababa University, Ethiopia & The Department of Systematic Botany, Upps.
    • Orchard, A.E. (ed.) (1994). Oceanic Islands 1 Flora of Australia 49: 1-681. Australian Government Publishing Service, Canberra.
    • Allan, H.A. (1961). Flora of New Zealand 1: 1-1085. Botany division, D.S.I.R., Christchurch.

    Not accepted by

    • Boulos, L. (1999). Flora of Egypt 1: 1-419. Al Hadara Publishing, Cairo. [Cited as Persicaria salicifolia.]

    Literature

    Flora Zambesiaca

    • Kew Bull. 45: 634 (1990).
    • Telopea 3: 178 (1988)

    Kew Backbone Distributions

    • Ghazanfar, S.A. & Edmandson, J.R. (eds.) (2016). Flora of Iraq 5(1): 1-284. Ministry of Agriculture & Agrarian Reform, Baghdad.
    • Darbyshire, I., Kordofani, M., Farag, I., Candiga, R. & Pickering, H. (eds.) (2015). The Plants of Sudan and South Sudan: 1-400. Kew publishing, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Dobignard, A. & Chatelain, C. (2013). Index synonymique de la flore d'Afrique du nord 5: 1-451. Éditions des conservatoire et jardin botaniques, Genève.
    • Dimopoulos, P., Raus, T., Bergmeier, E., Constantinidis, T., Iatrou, G., Kokkini, S., Strid, A., & Tzanoudakis, D. (2013). Vascular plants of Greece. An annotated checklist: 1-372. Botanic gardens and botanical museum Berlin-Dahlem, Berlin and Hellenic botanical society, Athens.
    • Mostaph, M.K. & Uddin, S.B. (2013). Dictionary of plant names of Bangladesh, Vasc. Pl.: 1-434. Janokalyan Prokashani, Chittagong, Bangladesh.
    • Figueiredo, E., Paiva, J., Stévart, T., Oliveira, F. & Smith, G.F. (2011). Annotated catalogue of the flowering plants of São Tomé and Príncipe Bothalia, A Journal of Botanical Research 41: 41-82.
    • Lejoy, J., Ndjele, M.-B. & Geerinck, D. (2010). Catalogue-flore des plantes vasculaires des districts de Kisangani et de la Tshopo (RD Congo) Taxonomania 30: 1-307.
    • Mateos, M.A. & Valdés, B. (2009). Catálogo de la flora vascular del Rif occidental calizo (N de Marruecos). I Selaginellaceae - Rosaceae Lagascalia 29: 105-257.
    • Sarmah, K.K. & Borthakur, S.K. (2009). A checklist of angiospermic plants of Manas national park in Assam, India Pleione 3: 190-200.
    • Figueiredo, E. & Smith, G.F. (2008). Plants of Angola Strelitzia 22: 1-279. National Botanical Institute, Pretoria.
    • Pope, G.V., Polhill, R.M. & Martins, E.S. (eds.) (2006). Flora Zambesiaca 9(3): 1-277. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Sosef, M.S.M. & al. (2006). Check-list des plantes vasculaires du Gabon Scripta Botanica Belgica 35: 1-438.
    • Akoègninou, A., van der Burg, W.J. & van der Maesen, L.J.G. (eds.) (2006). Flore Analytique du Bénin: 1-1034. Backhuys Publishers.
    • Sita, P. & Moutsambote, J.-M. (2005). Catalogue des plantes vasculaires du Congo, ed. sept. 2005: 1-158. ORSTOM, Centre de Brazzaville.
    • Germishuizen, G. & Meyer, N.L. (eds.) (2003). Plants of Southern Africa an annotated checklist Strelitzia 14: 1-1231. National Botanical Institute, Pretoria.
    • Edwards, S., Tadesse, M., Demissew, S. & Hedberg, I. (eds.) (2000). Flora of Ethiopia and Eritrea 2(1): 1-532. The National Herbarium, Addis Ababa University, Ethiopia & The Department of Systematic Botany, Upps.
    • Boulos, L. (1999). Flora of Egypt 1: 1-419. Al Hadara Publishing, Cairo.
    • Dassanayake (ed.) (1997). A Revised Handbook to the Flora of Ceylon 11: 1-420. Oxford & IBH Publishing Co. PVT. LTD., New Delhi, Calcutta.
    • Orchard, A.E. (ed.) (1994). Oceanic Islands 1 Flora of Australia 49: 1-681. Australian Government Publishing Service, Canberra.
    • Thulin, M. (ed.) (1993). Flora of Somalia 1: 1-493. The Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Tutin, T.G. & al. (eds.) (1993). Flora Europaea ed. 2, 1: 1-581. Cambridge University Press.
    • Lebrun, J.p., Toutain, B., Gaston, A. & Boudet, G. (1991). Catalogue des Plantes Vasculaires du Burkina Faso: 1-341. Institut d' Elevage et de Médecine Vétérinaire des Pays Tropicaux, Maisons Alfort.
    • Boudet, G., Lebrun, J.P. & Demange, R. (1986). Catalogue des plantes vasculaires du Mali: 1-465. Etudes d'Elevage et de Médecine Vétérinaire des Pays Tropicaux.
    • Meikle, R.D. (1985). Flora of Cyprus 2: 833-1970. The Bentham-Moxon Trust Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Troupin, G. (ed.) (1978). Flora du Rwanda 1: 1-413. Musee Royal de l'Afrique Centrale.
    • Boulvert, Y. (1977). Catalogue de la Flore de Centrafrique 2(1): 1-85. ORSTROM, Bangui.
    • Peyre de Fabregues, B. & Lebrun, J.-P. (1976). Catalogue des Plantes Vascularies du Niger: 1-433. Institut d' Elevage et de Médecine Vétérinaire des Pays Tropicaux, Maisons Alfort.
    • Lewalle, J. (1970). Liste floristique et répartition altitudinale de la flore du Burundi occidental: 1-84. Université officielle de Bujumbura.
    • Davis, P.H. (ed.) (1967). Flora of Turkey and the East Aegean Islands 2: 1-581. Edinburgh University Press, Edinburgh.
    • Allan, H.A. (1961). Flora of New Zealand 1: 1-1085. Botany division, D.S.I.R., Christchurch.
    • Graham, R.A. (1958). Flora of Tropical East Africa, Polygonaceae: 1-40.
    • Quézel, P. (1958). Mission Botanique au Tibesti: 1-357. Université d'Alger.
    • Hutchinson, J., Dalziel, J.M. & Keay, R.W.J. (1954-1958). Flora of West Tropical Africa, ed. 2, 1: 1-828.

    Sources

    Art and Illustrations in Digifolia
    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew

    Flora Zambesiaca
    Flora Zambesiaca
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
    'The Herbarium Catalogue, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet http://www.kew.org/herbcat [accessed on Day Month Year]'. Please enter the date on which you consulted the system.
    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2020. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2020. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Plants and People Africa
    Common Names from Plants and People Africa http://www.plantsandpeopleafrica.com/
    © Plants and People Africa http://www.plantsandpeopleafrica.com http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/