1. Family: Poaceae Barnhart
    1. Genus: Eriochloa Kunth
      1. Eriochloa peruviana Mez

        This species is accepted, and its native range is Ecuador to Peru.

    [GB]
    Habit
    Annual. Culms 20-50 cm long; 3-4 -noded. Ligule a fringe of hairs. Leaf-blades 4-14 cm long; 3-6 mm wide. Leaf-blade surface smooth, or scaberulous. Leaf-blade apex filiform.
    Inflorescences
    Inflorescence composed of racemes. Racemes 5-6; borne along a central axis; erect, or ascending; unilateral; 1-1.5 cm long. Central inflorescence axis 2-4 cm long; pubescent. Rhachis angular. Spikelets in pairs. Fertile spikelets pedicelled. Pedicels oblong; pubescent; tip discoid.
    Spikelets
    Spikelets comprising 1 basal sterile florets; 1 fertile florets; without rhachilla extension. Spikelets lanceolate, or elliptic; dorsally compressed; 3 mm long; falling entire. Spikelet callus globular; incorporating lowest rhachilla internode with adnate lower glume; glabrous.
    Fertile
    Spikelets comprising 1 basal sterile florets; 1 fertile florets; without rhachilla extension. Spikelets lanceolate, or elliptic; dorsally compressed; 3 mm long; falling entire. Spikelet callus globular; incorporating lowest rhachilla internode with adnate lower glume; glabrous.
    Glume
    Glumes one the lower absent or obscure; exceeding apex of florets; thinner than fertile lemma. Upper glume elliptic; 1 length of spikelet; membranous; without keels. Upper glume surface puberulous. Upper glume apex acute.
    Florets
    Basal sterile florets barren; without significant palea. Lemma of lower sterile floret similar to upper glume; elliptic; 1 length of spikelet; membranous; puberulous; acute. Fertile lemma elliptic; 2 mm long; indurate; without keel. Lemma margins involute. Lemma apex obtuse; muticous. Palea involute; indurate.
    Distribution
    South America: western South America.
    Reference
    Paniceae. Tovar 1994.

    Distribution

    Native to:

    Ecuador, Peru

    Eriochloa peruviana Mez appears in other Kew resources:

    First published in Beibl. Bot. Jahrb. Syst. 125: 12 (1921)

    Accepted by

    • Clayton, W.D., Harman, K.T. & Williamson, H. (2006). World Grass Species - Synonymy database The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Jørgensen, P.M. & León-Yánez, S. (eds.) (1999). Catalogue of the Vascular Plants of Ecuador Monographs in Systematic Botany from the Missouri Botanical Garden 75: i-viii, 1-1181.
    • Brako, L. & Zarucchi, J.L. (1993). Catalogue of the Flowering Plants and Gymnosperms of Peru Monographs in Systematic Botany from the Missouri Botanical Garden 45: i-xl, 1-1286.

    Literature

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    • Jørgensen, P.M. & León-Yánez, S. (eds.) (1999). Catalogue of the Vascular Plants of Ecuador Monographs in Systematic Botany from the Missouri Botanical Garden 75: i-viii, 1-1181.
    • Brako, L. & Zarucchi, J.L. (1993). Catalogue of the Flowering Plants and Gymnosperms of Peru Monographs in Systematic Botany from the Missouri Botanical Garden 45: i-xl, 1-1286.

    Sources

    GrassBase - The Online World Grass Flora
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2020. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2020. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0