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  1. Family: Poaceae Barnhart
    1. Genus: Semiarundinaria Makino ex Nakai
      1. Semiarundinaria densiflora (Rendle) T.H.Wen

        This species is accepted, and its native range is S. China.

    [GB]
    Habit
    Perennial. Rhizomes elongated; leptomorph. Culms erect; woody. Culm-internodes terete; thin-walled; distally glabrous. Lateral branches dendroid. Leaves cauline. Leaf-sheath oral hairs ciliate. Ligule a ciliolate membrane; truncate. Leaf-blade base with a brief petiole-like connection to sheath. Leaf-blades lanceolate; 6-10 cm long; 18 mm wide. Leaf-blade venation with 10 secondary veins; with distinct cross veins. Leaf-blade margins scaberulous.
    Inflorescences
    Synflorescence bractiferous; fasciculate; with spathaceous subtending bracts; without axillary buds at base of spikelet; with ultimate bract subtending a compact bracteolate fascicle of spikelets; prophyllate below lateral spikelets. Fertile spikelets sessile.
    Spikelets
    Spikelets comprising 5-6 fertile florets; with diminished florets at the apex. Spikelets linear; laterally compressed; breaking up at maturity; disarticulating below each fertile floret. Rhachilla internodes clavate; pubescent.
    Fertile
    Spikelets comprising 5-6 fertile florets; with diminished florets at the apex. Spikelets linear; laterally compressed; breaking up at maturity; disarticulating below each fertile floret. Rhachilla internodes clavate; pubescent.
    Glume
    Glumes one the lower absent or obscure, or two; persistent; shorter than spikelet.
    Florets
    Fertile lemma ovate; 9 mm long; chartaceous; without keel; 9 -veined. Lemma surface puberulous. Lemma apex cuspidate. Palea 1 length of lemma. Palea keels ciliolate. Palea apex dentate; 2 -fid. Apical sterile florets resembling fertile though underdeveloped.
    Flowers
    Lodicules 3; 3 mm long; ciliate. Anthers 3; 5 mm long. Stigmas 3. Ovary glabrous.
    Fruits
    Caryopsis with adherent pericarp.
    Distribution
    Asia-temperate: China.
    Reference
    Bambuseae. Rendle 2002.

    Images

    Distribution

    Native to:

    China South-Central, China Southeast

    Synonyms

    Other Data

    Semiarundinaria densiflora (Rendle) T.H.Wen appears in other Kew resources:

    Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
    Carles, W.R. [227], China K000710250 Unknown type material
    Faber [19], China K000710251 Unknown type material

    Bibliography

    First published in J. Bamboo Res. 8(1): 24 (1989)

    Accepted by

    • Wu, Z. & Raven, P.H. (eds.) (2006). Poaceae Flora of China 22: 1-733. Missouri Botanical Garden Press, St. Louis.
    • Clayton, W.D., Harman, K.T. & Williamson, H. (2006). World Grass Species - Synonymy database The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.

    Literature

    Kew Backbone Distributions

    • Wu, Z. & Raven, P.H. (eds.) (2006). Poaceae Flora of China 22: 1-733. Missouri Botanical Garden Press, St. Louis.

    Sources

    GrassBase - The Online World Grass Flora
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
    'The Herbarium Catalogue, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet http://www.kew.org/herbcat [accessed on Day Month Year]'. Please enter the date on which you consulted the system.
    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2020. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2020. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0