1. Family: Poaceae Barnhart
    1. Genus: Rostraria Trin.
      1. Rostraria smyrnaea (Trin.) H.Scholz

        This species is accepted, and its native range is Greece to Iran.

    [GB]
    Habit
    Annual. Culms erect, or geniculately ascending; 20-40 cm long. Ligule an eciliate membrane. Leaf-blades 10-18 cm long; 3-5 mm wide; flaccid. Leaf-blade surface glabrous, or pubescent; sparsely hairy; hairy on both sides. Leaf-blade apex acuminate.
    Inflorescences
    Inflorescence a panicle. Panicle spiciform; oblong, or ovate; 3-7 cm long; 1-2 cm wide. Panicle axis puberulous. Spikelets solitary. Fertile spikelets pedicelled. Pedicels oblong.
    Spikelets
    Spikelets comprising 4-5 fertile florets; with diminished florets at the apex. Spikelets oblong; laterally compressed; 6-7 mm long; breaking up at maturity; disarticulating below each fertile floret.
    Fertile
    Spikelets comprising 4-5 fertile florets; with diminished florets at the apex. Spikelets oblong; laterally compressed; 6-7 mm long; breaking up at maturity; disarticulating below each fertile floret.
    Glume
    Glumes persistent; dissimilar; reaching apex of florets; similar to fertile lemma in texture; shiny; gaping. Lower glume lanceolate; 4-4.5 mm long; 0.75 length of upper glume; membranous; 1-keeled; 1 -veined. Lower glume primary vein ciliolate. Lower glume lateral veins absent. Lower glume surface glabrous. Lower glume apex attenuate. Upper glume ovate; 5-6 mm long; 0.75 length of adjacent fertile lemma; membranous; without keels; 3 -veined. Upper glume surface glabrous, or puberulous. Upper glume apex attenuate.
    Florets
    Fertile lemma ovate; 6-6.5 mm long; membranous; much thinner on margins; keeled; 5 -veined. Lemma surface pubescent. Lemma apex dentate; 2 -fid; acute; awned; 1 -awned. Principal lemma awn subapical; 4 mm long overall. Palea gaping; hyaline. Palea keels scaberulous. Palea apex awned; awns 1 mm long. Apical sterile florets resembling fertile though underdeveloped.
    Flowers
    Anthers 3. Ovary glabrous.
    Distribution
    Asia-temperate: western Asia.
    Reference
    Aveneae. Fl Iraq 1993.

    Images

    Distribution

    Native to:

    Cyprus, East Aegean Is., Greece, Iran, Iraq, Lebanon-Syria, Palestine, Turkey

    Rostraria smyrnaea (Trin.) H.Scholz appears in other Kew resources:

    Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
    Gaillardot, C. [s.n.], Algeria Rostraria berythea K000808748
    Osborne [191], Syria Rostraria berythea K000808749
    Blanche, E. [1871a], Syria Rostraria berythea K000808751 isotype
    Blanche, E. [1871], Syria Rostraria berythea K000808750 holotype

    First published in Willdenowia 19: 109 (1989)

    Accepted by

    • Hand, R. (ed.) (2015). Supplementary notes to the flora of Cyprus VIII Willdenowia 45: 245-259.
    • Dimopoulos, P., Raus, T., Bergmeier, E., Constantinidis, T., Iatrou, G., Kokkini, S., Strid, A., & Tzanoudakis, D. (2013). Vascular plants of Greece. An annotated checklist: 1-372. Botanic gardens and botanical museum Berlin-Dahlem, Berlin and Hellenic botanical society, Athens.

    Not accepted by

    • Clayton, W.D., Harman, K.T. & Williamson, H. (2006). World Grass Species - Synonymy database The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. [Cited as Rostraria cristata.]

    Literature

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    • Hand, R. (ed.) (2015). Supplementary notes to the flora of Cyprus VIII Willdenowia 45: 245-259.
    • Dimopoulos, P., Raus, T., Bergmeier, E., Constantinidis, T., Iatrou, G., Kokkini, S., Strid, A., & Tzanoudakis, D. (2013). Vascular plants of Greece. An annotated checklist: 1-372. Botanic gardens and botanical museum Berlin-Dahlem, Berlin and Hellenic botanical society, Athens.
    • Davis, P.H. (ed.) (1985). Flora of Turkey and the East Aegean Islands 9: 1-724. Edinburgh University Press, Edinburgh.
    • Meikle, R.D. (1985). Flora of Cyprus 2: 833-1970. The Bentham-Moxon Trust Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.

    Sources

    GrassBase - The Online World Grass Flora
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
    'The Herbarium Catalogue, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet http://www.kew.org/herbcat [accessed on Day Month Year]'. Please enter the date on which you consulted the system.
    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2020. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2020. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0