1. Family: Poaceae Barnhart
    1. Genus: Brachypodium P.Beauv.
      1. Brachypodium arbuscula Gay ex Knoche

        This species is accepted, and its native range is Canary Islands.

    [GB]
    Habit
    Perennial. Culms geniculately ascending; 30-40 cm long; wiry. Lateral branches ample. Ligule an eciliate membrane. Leaf-blades 4-8 cm long; 3-5 mm wide. Leaf-blade apex attenuate.
    Inflorescences
    Inflorescence composed of racemes. Racemes 1; single; erect; bilateral; 3-5 cm long; bearing few fertile spikelets; bearing 3-15 fertile spikelets on each. Spikelet packing broadside to rhachis; crowded; 2 -rowed. Spikelets appressed; solitary. Fertile spikelets pedicelled. Pedicels oblong; 1-1.5 mm long.
    Spikelets
    Spikelets comprising 8-15 fertile florets; with diminished florets at the apex. Spikelets oblong; laterally compressed; 13-25 mm long; breaking up at maturity; disarticulating below each fertile floret.
    Fertile
    Spikelets comprising 8-15 fertile florets; with diminished florets at the apex. Spikelets oblong; laterally compressed; 13-25 mm long; breaking up at maturity; disarticulating below each fertile floret.
    Glume
    Glumes persistent; similar; shorter than spikelet. Lower glume ovate; 6-7 mm long; 0.75 length of upper glume; membranous; without keels; 5 -veined. Lower glume surface glabrous, or puberulous. Lower glume apex acute. Upper glume ovate; 8-9 mm long; 1.1-1.3 length of adjacent fertile lemma; membranous; without keels; 7-9 -veined. Upper glume surface glabrous, or puberulous. Upper glume apex acute.
    Florets
    Fertile lemma oblong; 6-8 mm long; without keel; 7 -veined. Lemma surface glabrous, or puberulous. Lemma apex acute; awned; 1 -awned. Principal lemma awn apical; 1 mm long overall. Palea 1 length of lemma. Palea keels ciliolate. Apical sterile florets resembling fertile though underdeveloped.
    Flowers
    Anthers 3. Ovary with a fleshy appendage below style insertion; pubescent on apex.
    Fruits
    Caryopsis with adherent pericarp; hairy at apex; apex fleshy. Hilum linear.
    Distribution
    Africa: Macaronesia.
    Reference
    Brachypodieae. WDC 1997.

    Images

    Distribution

    Native to:

    Canary Is.

    Brachypodium arbuscula Gay ex Knoche appears in other Kew resources:

    Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
    Mar 1, 1989 K000367341
    Mar 1, 1989 Gay, J. [26] K000367340

    First published in Vagandi Mos.: 272 (1923)

    Accepted by

    • Dobignard, D. & Chatelain, C. (2010). Index synonymique de la flore d'Afrique du nord 1: 1-455. Éditions des conservatoire et jardin botaniques, Genève.
    • Govaerts, R. (1996). World Checklist of Seed Plants 2(1, 2): 1-492. MIM, Deurne.

    Literature

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    • Dobignard, D. & Chatelain, C. (2010). Index synonymique de la flore d'Afrique du nord 1: 1-455. Éditions des conservatoire et jardin botaniques, Genève.

    Sources

    GrassBase - The Online World Grass Flora
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
    'The Herbarium Catalogue, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet http://www.kew.org/herbcat [accessed on Day Month Year]'. Please enter the date on which you consulted the system.
    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0