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This species is accepted, and its native range is China (Gansu, Shaanxi, Hubei, Sichuan).

[GB]
Habit
Perennial. Rhizomes elongated; leptomorph. Culms erect; 400-800 cm long; 2-3 mm diam.; woody; with root thorns from the nodes. Culm-internodes quadrangular; thin-walled; 10-16 cm long; smooth; distally glabrous. Culm-nodes flush with internodes, or swollen; pubescent. Lateral branches dendroid. Branch complement three; in a horizontal line; with subequal branches; thinner than stem. Culm-sheaths persistent; chartaceous; purple and white; distinctly mottled with last colour; hispid; hairy at the base; with tawny hairs; hairy on margins; without auricles; glabrous on shoulders. Culm-sheath ligule ciliate. Culm-sheath blade linear; demarcated but persistent; erect; 0.1-0.3 cm long. Leaves cauline; 2-4 per branch. Leaf-sheaths glabrous on surface. Leaf-sheath oral hairs setose; pale. Ligule an eciliate membrane. Collar with external ligule. Leaf-blade base cuneate; with a brief petiole-like connection to sheath. Leaf-blades deciduous at the ligule; lanceolate; 10-19 cm long; 10-20 mm wide. Leaf-blade venation with 8-12 secondary veins; with distinct cross veins. Leaf-blade apex acuminate.
Inflorescences
Synflorescence bractiferous; scanty (1-3 spikelets); with glumaceous subtending bracts; with axillary buds at base of spikelet. Fertile spikelets sessile.
Spikelets
Spikelets comprising 3-12 fertile florets; with diminished florets at the apex. Spikelets linear; laterally compressed; 20-30 mm long; breaking up at maturity; disarticulating below each fertile floret.
Fertile
Spikelets comprising 3-12 fertile florets; with diminished florets at the apex. Spikelets linear; laterally compressed; 20-30 mm long; breaking up at maturity; disarticulating below each fertile floret.
Glume
Glumes two, or several; 2-3 empty glumes; persistent; similar; shorter than spikelet. Lower glume lanceolate; membranous; without keels. Lower glume apex acute. Upper glume lanceolate; membranous; without keels. Upper glume apex acute.
Florets
Fertile lemma oblong; chartaceous; without keel; 7-8 -veined. Lemma lateral veins with cross-veins. Lemma apex acute. Palea 1 length of lemma. Apical sterile florets resembling fertile though underdeveloped.
Flowers
Lodicules 3; membranous; ciliate. Anthers 3. Stigmas 2.
Fruits
Caryopsis with fleshy pericarp; 4-7 mm long. Endosperm evanescent.
Distribution
Asia-temperate: China.
Reference
Bambuseae. Wen 1996.

Native to:

China North-Central, China South-Central

Chimonobambusa purpurea Hsueh & T.P.Yi appears in other Kew resources:

First published in J. Yunnan Forest. Coll. 1982(1): 36 (1982)

Accepted by

  • Wu, Z. & Raven, P.H. (eds.) (2006). Poaceae Flora of China 22: 1-733. Missouri Botanical Garden Press, St. Louis.
  • Clayton, W.D., Harman, K.T. & Williamson, H. (2006). World Grass Species - Synonymy database The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.

Literature

Kew Backbone Distributions

  • Wu, Z. & Raven, P.H. (eds.) (2006). Poaceae Flora of China 22: 1-733. Missouri Botanical Garden Press, St. Louis.

GrassBase - The Online World Grass Flora
http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

Kew Backbone Distributions
The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2021. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
© Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2021. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
© Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0