1. Family: Poaceae Barnhart
    1. Genus: Dinochloa Buse
      1. Dinochloa nicobariana R.B.Majumdar

        This species is accepted, and its native range is Nicobar Islands.

    [GB]
    Habit
    Perennial. Rhizomes short; pachymorph. Culms scandent; woody. Culm-internodes terete; 25-30 cm long; distally pubescent. Lateral branches dendroid. Branch complement many. Culm-sheaths deciduous; pubescent; with white hairs. Culm-sheath blade triangular; as wide as sheath at base. Leaf-sheaths pubescent. Leaf-sheath auricles falcate. Ligule an eciliate membrane. Leaf-blade base with a brief petiole-like connection to sheath. Leaf-blades lanceolate; 5-12 cm long; 6-10 mm wide. Leaf-blade venation with 8-10 secondary veins. Leaf-blade surface smooth. Leaf-blade apex attenuate; filiform.
    Inflorescences
    Synflorescence bractiferous; clustered at the nodes; in untidy tufts; dense; with glumaceous subtending bracts; with axillary buds at base of spikelet; prophyllate below lateral spikelets; leafless between branches. Fertile spikelets sessile.
    Spikelets
    Spikelets comprising 1 fertile florets; without rhachilla extension. Spikelets elliptic; laterally compressed; 2-4 mm long; breaking up at maturity; disarticulating below each fertile floret.
    Fertile
    Spikelets comprising 1 fertile florets; without rhachilla extension. Spikelets elliptic; laterally compressed; 2-4 mm long; breaking up at maturity; disarticulating below each fertile floret.
    Glume
    Glumes persistent; dissimilar; shorter than spikelet. Lower glume orbicular; 2.5-3.5 mm long; chartaceous; without keels. Lower glume apex obtuse. Upper glume orbicular; 2.5-3.5 mm long; chartaceous; without keels. Upper glume apex obtuse.
    Florets
    Fertile lemma oblong; 2.5 mm long; coriaceous; without keel. Lemma apex obtuse. Palea orbicular; involute; 2.5 mm long; coriaceous; without keels.
    Flowers
    Lodicules absent. Anthers 6. Stigmas 3.
    Fruits
    Caryopsis with fleshy pericarp. Endosperm evanescent.
    Distribution
    Asia-tropical: Indo-China.
    Reference
    Bambuseae. Seeth. & Kumar 2002.

    Distribution

    Native to:

    Nicobar Is.

    Dinochloa nicobariana R.B.Majumdar appears in other Kew resources:

    First published in S.Karthikeyan & al., Fl. Ind. Enum. - Monocot.: 277 (1989)

    Accepted by

    • Clayton, W.D., Harman, K.T. & Williamson, H. (2006). World Grass Species - Synonymy database The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Karthikeyan, S., Jain, S.K., Nayar, M.P. & Sanjappa, M. (1989). Florae Indicae Enumeratio: Monocotyledonae: 1-435. Botanical Survey of India, Calcutta.

    Literature

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    • Karthikeyan, S., Jain, S.K., Nayar, M.P. & Sanjappa, M. (1989). Florae Indicae Enumeratio: Monocotyledonae: 1-435. Botanical Survey of India, Calcutta.

    Sources

    GrassBase - The Online World Grass Flora
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2020. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2020. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0