1. Family: Iridaceae Juss.
    1. Genus: Gladiolus Tourn. ex L.
      1. Gladiolus microspicatus P.A.Duvign. & Van Bockstal ex S.Córdova

        This species is accepted, and its native range is W. Tanzania to Zambia.

    [FTEA]

    Iridaceae, Peter Goldblatt. Flora of Tropical East Africa. 1996

    Habit
    Plants 24-35 cm. high.
    Corms
    Corm 1-2 cm. in diameter, tunics of fine to coarse yellow brown to grey fibres, usually accumulating in a dense mass, often extending upward and with the dry cataphylls forming a thick neck.
    Leaves
    Foliage leaves (3-)4-5, the lower (2-)3-4 ± basal, linear (rarely lanceolate), reaching to at least the base of the spike or sometimes the lower shortly exceeding it, 1.5-3(-7) mm. wide, the margins not thickened, decreasing in size above, the uppermost usually cauline.
    Stem
    Stem erect, unbranched.
    Inflorescences
    Spike 4-10-flowered, inflexed at the base, straight, sheathed by the bracts; bracts 1.8-2.5 cm. long, green, or becoming dry and brown apically, firm and erect, clasping the stem, usually imbricate, 1-2 internodes long, the inner ± 2/3 as long as the outer.
    Flowers
    Flowers light to dark purple fading to cream in the throat and tube, the lower tepals each with a yellow median streak in the upper third; perianth-tube 1-1.2 cm. long, curving outward and widening above; tepals unequal, the dorsal ± 1.8 × 1-1.2 cm., arched over the stamens, the lower 3 united with the upper laterals for ± 4.5 mm. and to each other for ± 2 mm., narrowed below into claws, horizontal or the limbs flexed downward distally, in profile usually shortly exceeding the dorsal or ± as long.
    Stamens
    Filaments 1-1.2 cm. long, exserted 5-6 mm. from the tube; anthers 5-6 mm. long, usually purple, pollen yellow.
    Style
    Style dividing opposite the lower third of the anthers, branches 1-1.5 mm. long.
    Fruits
    Capsules 1-1.2 cm. long, narrowly elliptic, hard, ± woody.
    Habitat
    Well drained grassland or rock outcrops often in poor sandy soils; 1600-2200 m.; flowering January to February
    Distribution
    T4
    [FZ]

    Iridaceae, P. Goldblatt. Flora Zambesiaca 12:4. 1993

    Habit
    Plants 24–35 cm high.
    Corms
    Corms 10–20 mm in diameter; tunics of fine to coarse yellow-brown to grey fibres, usually accumulating in a dense mass, often extending upward and with the dry cataphylls forming a thick neck.
    Leaves
    Foliage leaves (3)4–5, the lower (2)3–4 more or less basal, reaching to at least the base of the spike or sometimes the lower leaves shortly exceeding it, 1.5–3(7) mm wide, linear (rarely lanceolate), the margins not thickened; the upper leaves decreasing in size above, the uppermost usually cauline.
    Stem
    Stem erect, unbranched.
    Inflorescences
    Spike 4–10-flowered, indexed at the base, straight, sheathed by the bracts; bracts 18–25 mm long, green, or becoming dry and brown apically, firm and erect, clasping the stem, usually imbricate, 1–2 internodes long, the inner c. two-thirds as long as the outer.
    Flowers
    Flowers light- to dark-purple fading to cream-coloured in the throat and tube, the lower tepals each with a yellow median streak in the upper third; perianth tube 10–12 mm long, curving outward and widening above; tepals unequal, the uppermost c. 18 × 10–12 mm, arched over the stamens, the lower 3 tepals usually shortly exceeding or equalling the uppermost in length when viewed in profile and united with the upper lateral tepals for c. 4.5 mm and to each other for c. 2 mm, narrowed below into claws, horizontal or the limbs flexed downward distally.
    Stamens
    Filaments 10–12 mm long, exserted 5–6 mm from the perianth tube; anthers 5–6 mm long, usually purple, pollen yellow.
    Style
    Style dividing opposite the lower third of the anthers, style branches 1–1.5 mm long.
    Fruits
    Capsules 10–12 mm long, narrowly elliptic, comparatively hard and woody.

    Distribution

    Native to:

    Burundi, Tanzania, Zambia, Zaïre

    Gladiolus microspicatus P.A.Duvign. & Van Bockstal ex S.Córdova appears in other Kew resources:

    First published in Bull. Jard. Bot. Natl. Belg. 60: 326 (1990)

    Accepted by

    • Geerinck, D (2005). Flore d'Afrique Centrale (Zaïre - Rwanda - Burundi) Iridaceae: 1-102. Jardin Botanique National de Belgique, Meise.
    • Govaerts, R. (2003). World Checklist of Seed Plants Database in ACCESS G: 1-40325.

    Literature

    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    • Goldblatt in Gladiolus Trop. Afr.: 138 (1996).
    • Goldblatt in Flora Zambesiaca 12(4): 80 (1993)
    • Còrdova in Bulletin du Jardin Botanique National de Belgique 60: 326 (1990).

    Sources

    Flora Zambesiaca
    Flora Zambesiaca
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0