1. Family: Poaceae Barnhart
    1. Genus: Elymus L.
      1. Elymus cordilleranus Davidse & R.W.Pohl

        This species is accepted, and its native range is Costa Rica, Venezuela to W. South America.

    [CPLC]

    Bernal, R., Gradstein, S.R. & Celis, M. (eds.). 2015. Catálogo de plantas y líquenes de Colombia. Instituto de Ciencias Naturales, Universidad Nacional de Colombia, Bogotá. http://catalogoplantasdecolombia.unal.edu.co

    Distribution
    Nativa en Colombia; Alt. 2500 - 4000 m.; Andes.
    Habit
    Hierba
    Conservation
    No Evaluada
    [UPB]

    The Useful Plants of Boyacá project

    Conservation
    Not Evaluated.
    Ecology
    Alt. 2500 - 4000 m.
    Habit
    Herb.
    Distribution
    Native from Colombia.
    [GB]
    Habit
    Perennial. Rhizomes absent, or elongated. Culms erect; 100-200 cm long; 2-3 mm diam. Culm-internodes distally glabrous. Culm-nodes constricted; brown. Lateral branches lacking. Ligule an eciliate membrane; 0.7 mm long. Leaf-blades 10-20 cm long; 2-5 mm wide. Leaf-blade surface glabrous, or puberulous.
    Inflorescences
    Inflorescence composed of racemes. Racemes 1; single; bilateral; 11-14 cm long; 5 mm wide. Rhachis flattened; scabrous on margins. Spikelet packing broadside to rhachis. Rhachis internodes linear; 6-7 mm long. Spikelets appressed; solitary. Fertile spikelets sessile.
    Spikelets
    Spikelets comprising 4-5 fertile florets; with diminished florets at the apex. Spikelets elliptic to oblong; laterally compressed; 16-17 mm long; breaking up at maturity; disarticulating below each fertile floret. Rhachilla internodes 2.5-2.8 mm long. Floret callus disarticulating obliquely.
    Fertile
    Spikelets comprising 4-5 fertile florets; with diminished florets at the apex. Spikelets elliptic to oblong; laterally compressed; 16-17 mm long; breaking up at maturity; disarticulating below each fertile floret. Rhachilla internodes 2.5-2.8 mm long. Floret callus disarticulating obliquely.
    Glume
    Glumes collateral; persistent; similar; shorter than spikelet. Lower glume lanceolate, or ovate; 11 mm long; 1 length of upper glume; coriaceous; without keels; 5-7 -veined. Lower glume apex acute. Upper glume lanceolate, or ovate; 11 mm long; 0.6-1.2 length of adjacent fertile lemma; coriaceous; without keels; 5-7 -veined. Upper glume apex acute.
    Florets
    Fertile lemma lanceolate; 9-18 mm long; coriaceous; 5-7 -veined. Lemma apex acute; muticous, or mucronate, or awned; 1 -awned. Principal lemma awn 0-1.5 mm long overall. Palea 1 length of lemma. Palea keels scabrous. Apical sterile florets resembling fertile though underdeveloped.
    Flowers
    Lodicules 2; membranous. Anthers 3; 2.5 mm long. Stigmas 2. Ovary with a fleshy appendage below style insertion; pubescent on apex.
    Fruits
    Caryopsis with adherent pericarp.
    Distribution
    South America: Mesoamericana, western South America, and southern South America.
    Reference
    Triticeae. Fl Costaric 1993.
    [UPB]
    Gene Sources
    Crop wild relatives which may possess beneficial traits of value in breeding programmes (State of the World's Plants 2016).

    Images

    Distribution

    Native to:

    Bolivia, Colombia, Costa Rica, Ecuador, Peru, Venezuela

    Elymus cordilleranus Davidse & R.W.Pohl appears in other Kew resources:

    Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
    Spruce, R. [5925], Ecuador K000201595
    Spruce, R. [5925], Ecuador K000201596

    First published in Novon 2: 100 (1992)

    Accepted by

    • Giraldo-Cañas, D. (2011). Catálogo de la familia Poaceae en Colombia Darwiniana 49: 139-247.
    • Hokche, O., Berry, P.E. & Huber, O. (eds.) (2008). Nuevo Catálogo de la Flora Vascular de Venezuela: 1-859. Fundación Instituto Botánico de Venezuela.
    • Clayton, W.D., Harman, K.T. & Williamson, H. (2006). World Grass Species - Synonymy database The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Jørgensen, P.M. & León-Yánez, S. (eds.) (1999). Catalogue of the Vascular Plants of Ecuador Monographs in Systematic Botany from the Missouri Botanical Garden 75: i-viii, 1-1181.
    • Renvoize, S.A. (1998). Gramineas de Bolivia: 1-644. The Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Davidse, G. & al. (eds.) (1994). Flora Mesoamericana 6: 1-543. Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México, México, D.F.
    • Brako, L. & Zarucchi, J.L. (1993). Catalogue of the Flowering Plants and Gymnosperms of Peru Monographs in Systematic Botany from the Missouri Botanical Garden 45: i-xl, 1-1286.

    Literature

    Useful Plants of Boyacá Project
    • Crop wild relative Inventory https://www.cwrdiversity.org/checklist/ in The State of the World’s Plants Report–2016. (2016). Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew https://stateoftheworldsplants.org/2016/
    Kew Backbone Distributions
    • Giraldo-Cañas, D. (2011). Catálogo de la familia Poaceae en Colombia Darwiniana 49: 139-247.
    • Hokche, O., Berry, P.E. & Huber, O. (eds.) (2008). Nuevo Catálogo de la Flora Vascular de Venezuela: 1-859. Fundación Instituto Botánico de Venezuela.
    • Jørgensen, P.M. & León-Yánez, S. (eds.) (1999). Catalogue of the Vascular Plants of Ecuador Monographs in Systematic Botany from the Missouri Botanical Garden 75: i-viii, 1-1181.
    • Renvoize, S.A. (1998). Gramineas de Bolivia: 1-644. The Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Davidse, G. & al. (eds.) (1994). Flora Mesoamericana 6: 1-543. Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México, México, D.F.
    • Brako, L. & Zarucchi, J.L. (1993). Catalogue of the Flowering Plants and Gymnosperms of Peru Monographs in Systematic Botany from the Missouri Botanical Garden 45: i-xl, 1-1286.

    Sources

    Catálogo de Plantas y Líquenes de Colombia
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    GrassBase - The Online World Grass Flora
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
    'The Herbarium Catalogue, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet http://www.kew.org/herbcat [accessed on Day Month Year]'. Please enter the date on which you consulted the system.
    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2020. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2020. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Useful Plants of Boyacá Project
    ColPlantA database
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0