1. Family: Poaceae Barnhart
    1. Genus: Cinna L.
      1. Cinna poiformis (Kunth) Scribn. & Merr.

        This species is accepted, and its native range is Mexico to W. Bolivia.

    [GB]
    Habit
    Perennial; caespitose. Culms erect; 90-150 cm long; 3-6 mm diam. Culm-nodes purple. Lateral branches lacking. Ligule an eciliate membrane; 1.5-15 mm long; brown; lacerate. Leaf-blades 5-35 cm long; 5-15 mm wide.
    Inflorescences
    Inflorescence a panicle. Peduncle 10-20 cm long; glabrous. Panicle open; ovate; effuse; nodding; 15-45 cm long; with spikelets clustered towards branch tips. Primary panicle branches drooping; whorled at most nodes. Panicle branches capillary; flexuous; scaberulous. Spikelets solitary. Fertile spikelets pedicelled. Pedicels scabrous.
    Spikelets
    Spikelets comprising 1 fertile florets; with a barren rhachilla extension. Spikelets elliptic; laterally compressed; 2.5-3.2 mm long; falling entire. Spikelet callus glabrous. Rhachilla internodes elongated below proximal fertile floret. Rhachilla elongation 0.2 mm long.
    Fertile
    Spikelets comprising 1 fertile florets; with a barren rhachilla extension. Spikelets elliptic; laterally compressed; 2.5-3.2 mm long; falling entire. Spikelet callus glabrous. Rhachilla internodes elongated below proximal fertile floret. Rhachilla elongation 0.2 mm long.
    Glume
    Glumes similar; reaching apex of florets. Lower glume lanceolate; 2.5-3.2 mm long; 1 length of upper glume; membranous; purple; 1-keeled; 3 -veined. Lower glume primary vein scabrous. Lower glume surface scabrous; rough on veins. Lower glume apex acute. Upper glume lanceolate; 2.5-3.2 mm long; 1 length of adjacent fertile lemma; membranous; purple; 1-keeled; 3 -veined. Upper glume primary vein scabrous. Upper glume surface scabrous; rough on veins. Upper glume apex acute.
    Florets
    Fertile lemma ovate; 2.5-3.2 mm long; membranous; keeled; 3 -veined. Lemma surface scaberulous; rough above. Lemma apex acute; muticous, or awned; 1 -awned. Principal lemma awn subapical; 0.1-0.3 mm long overall; not or scarcely exserted from spikelet. Palea 0.9 length of lemma; 1 -veined; 1-keeled. Rhachilla extension 0.3 mm long.
    Flowers
    Anthers 3; 1 mm long.
    Fruits
    Caryopsis with adherent pericarp. Endosperm liquid.
    Distribution
    North America: Mexico. South America: Mesoamericana, northern South America, and western South America.
    Reference
    Aveneae. Pohl.
    [CPLC]

    Bernal, R., Gradstein, S.R. & Celis, M. (eds.). 2015. Catálogo de plantas y líquenes de Colombia. Instituto de Ciencias Naturales, Universidad Nacional de Colombia, Bogotá. http://catalogoplantasdecolombia.unal.edu.co

    Distribution
    Nativa en Colombia; Alt. 3000 - 4000 m.; Andes.
    Habit
    Hierba
    Conservation
    No Evaluada

    Distribution

    Native to:

    Bolivia, Colombia, Costa Rica, Ecuador, Guatemala, Mexico Central, Mexico Gulf, Mexico Northeast, Mexico Southeast, Mexico Southwest, Panamá, Peru, Venezuela

    Cinna poiformis (Kunth) Scribn. & Merr. appears in other Kew resources:

    Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
    Hinton, G.B. [1712], México State K000465744
    Hinton, G.B. [1301], México State K000465745

    First published in Bull. Div. Agrostol. U.S.D.A. 24: 21 (1901)

    Accepted by

    • Giraldo-Cañas, D. (2011). Catálogo de la familia Poaceae en Colombia Darwiniana 49: 139-247.
    • Hokche, O., Berry, P.E. & Huber, O. (eds.) (2008). Nuevo Catálogo de la Flora Vascular de Venezuela: 1-859. Fundación Instituto Botánico de Venezuela.
    • Clayton, W.D., Harman, K.T. & Williamson, H. (2006). World Grass Species - Synonymy database The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Dávila, P., Mejia-Saulés, M.T., Gómez-Sánchez, N., Valdés-Reyna, J., Ortíz, J.J., Morín, C., Castrejón, J. & Ocampo, A. (2006). Catálogo de las Gramíneas de México: 1-671. CONABIO, México city.
    • Jørgensen, P.M. & León-Yánez, S. (eds.) (1999). Catalogue of the Vascular Plants of Ecuador Monographs in Systematic Botany from the Missouri Botanical Garden 75: i-viii, 1-1181.
    • Renvoize, S.A. (1998). Gramineas de Bolivia: 1-644. The Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Davidse, G. & al. (eds.) (1994). Flora Mesoamericana 6: 1-543. Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México, México, D.F.

    Literature

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    • Giraldo-Cañas, D. (2011). Catálogo de la familia Poaceae en Colombia Darwiniana 49: 139-247.
    • Hokche, O., Berry, P.E. & Huber, O. (eds.) (2008). Nuevo Catálogo de la Flora Vascular de Venezuela: 1-859. Fundación Instituto Botánico de Venezuela.
    • Dávila, P., Mejia-Saulés, M.T., Gómez-Sánchez, N., Valdés-Reyna, J., Ortíz, J.J., Morín, C., Castrejón, J. & Ocampo, A. (2006). Catálogo de las Gramíneas de México: 1-671. CONABIO, México city.
    • Jørgensen, P.M. & León-Yánez, S. (eds.) (1999). Catalogue of the Vascular Plants of Ecuador Monographs in Systematic Botany from the Missouri Botanical Garden 75: i-viii, 1-1181.
    • Renvoize, S.A. (1998). Gramineas de Bolivia: 1-644. The Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Davidse, G. & al. (eds.) (1994). Flora Mesoamericana 6: 1-543. Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México, México, D.F.

    Sources

    Catálogo de Plantas y Líquenes de Colombia
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    GrassBase - The Online World Grass Flora
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
    'The Herbarium Catalogue, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet http://www.kew.org/herbcat [accessed on Day Month Year]'. Please enter the date on which you consulted the system.

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2020. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2020. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0