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This species is accepted, and its native range is S. Somalia to Mozambique.

[FSOM]

M. Thulin et al. Flora of Somalia Vol. 1-4 [updated 2008] https://plants.jstor.org/collection/FLOS

Morphology General Habit
Shrub, spreading to 1 m, with well-developed haustorial attachment, very rarely with subcortical runners, glabrous; branchlets slightly compressed to soon terete and densely lenticellate
Morphology Leaves
Leaves mostly alternate, sometimes some ± opposite; petiole 3–20 mm long; blade leathery, dull green to yellow-green, often with a red flush, ovate to ovate-elliptic, subacute to rounded at apex, rounded to cuneate and slightly attenuate at base, 5–13 × 3–8(–11) cm, several-nerved from near base, other venation rather irregular
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences
Umbels several, sessile, 2–3-flowered; pedicel not clearly differentiated; bract cupular, oblique, with a slight triangular limb and sometimes slightly lacerate, 2–3 mm long
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Receptacle
Receptacle 2–3 mm long; calyx cupular, slightly toothed, 1–4 mm long, ciliolate, split longitudinally into several segments as corolla-base expands
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Corolla
Corolla 3–5 cm long, tube red, sometimes green-banded at top, lobes yellow over vents, with dark red to blackish tips; apical part of bud not swollen; basal swelling subglobular, 4–6 × 3–5 mm; lobes erect, slightly hardened in upper half, pointed, 7–11 mm long
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Androecium Stamens Filaments
Filaments inflexed, yellow-green then brownish, last 1 mm hardened, paler, thickened; tooth 0.3–0.5 mm long; anthers 2–3 mm long
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Gynoecium Style
Style slender, slightly expanded and red opposite filaments, narrowed to 3 mm neck
Morphology Reproductive morphology Fruits
Berry red, obovoid, 8–9 × 5–6 mm, warty; seed red.

[FZ]

Flora Zambesiaca. Vol. 9, Part 3. Polygonaceae-Myriaceae. Pope GV, Polhill RM, Martins ES. 2006.

Type
Type from Tanzania.
Morphology General Habit
Shrub, spreading to 1 m, with well developed haustorial attachment, very rarely with subcortical runners, glabrous; branchlets slightly compressed to soon terete and densely lenticellate Shrub, spreading to 1 m, with well developed haustorial attachment, very rarely with subcortical runners, glabrous; branchlets slightly compressed to soon terete and densely lenticellate.
Morphology Leaves
Leaves mostly alternate, sometimes some ± opposite; petiole 3–20 mm long; lamina coriaceous, dull green to yellow-green, often with a red flush, 5–13 × 3–8(11) cm, ovate to ovate-elliptic, subacute to rounded at apex, rounded to cuneate and slightly attenuate at base, several-nerved from near base, other venation rather irregular Leaves mostly alternate, sometimes some ± opposite; petiole 3–20 mm long; lamina coriaceous, dull green to yellow-green, often with a red flush, 5–13 × 3–8(11) cm, ovate to ovate-elliptic, subacute to rounded at apex, rounded to cuneate and slightly attenuate at base, several-nerved from near base, other venation rather irregular.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences
Umbels several, sessile, 2–3-flowered; pedicels not clearly differentiated; bract 2–3 mm long, cupular, oblique, with a slight triangular limb and sometimes slightly lacerate Umbels several, sessile, 2–3-flowered; pedicels not clearly differentiated; bract 2–3 mm long, cupular, oblique, with a slight triangular limb and sometimes slightly lacerate.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Receptacle
Receptacle 2–3 mm long; calyx 1–4 mm long, cupular, slightly toothed, ciliolate, split longitudinally into several segments as corolla-base expands Receptacle 2–3 mm long.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Corolla
Corolla 3–5 cm long, tube red, sometimes green banded at top, lobes yellow over vents, with dark red to blackish tips; apical part of bud not swollen; basal swelling 4–6 × 3–5 mm, subglobular; lobes erect, 7–11 mm long, slightly hardened in upper half, pointed Corolla 3–5 cm long, tube red, sometimes green banded at top, lobes yellow over vents, with dark red to blackish tips; apical part of bud not swollen; basal swelling 4–6 × 3–5 mm, subglobular; lobes erect, 7–11 mm long, slightly hardened in upper half, pointed. Corolla lobes 7–8 mm long.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Androecium Stamens
Stamen filaments inflexed, yellow-green then brownish, last 1 mm hardened, paler, thickened; tooth 0.3–0.5 mm long; anthers 2–3 mm long Stamen filaments inflexed, yellow-green then brownish, last 1 mm hardened, paler, thickened; tooth 0.3–0.5 mm long; anthers 2–3 mm long.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Gynoecium Style
Style slender, slightly expanded and red opposite filaments, narrowed to 3 mm neck; stigma 0.5–0.8 mm diameter, capitate
Ecology
Coastal bushland to riverine and montane forests; up to 1050 m.
Note
Subsp. montanus Polhill & Wiens, with larger flowers, extends the range to the central highlands of Kenya.
Distribution
In coastal regions from the Juba R. in southern Somalia south almost to the Limpopo, extending inland to some mountains, including Morrumbala in Mozambique and the East African highlands. MOZ Z, MOZ GI Mozambique
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Calyx
Calyx 1–4 mm long, cupular, slightly toothed, ciliolate, split longitudinally into several segments as corolla-base expands. Calyx 1–2 mm long, up to half as long as basal swelling of corolla tube
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Gynoecium Pistil
Style slender, slightly expanded and red opposite filaments, narrowed to 3 mm neck; stigma 0.5–0.8 mm diameter, capitate.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Fruits
Berry red, 8–9 × 5–6 mm, obovoid, warty; seed red. Berry red, 8–9 × 5–6 mm, obovoid, warty; seed red.

[FTEA]

Loranthaceae, Polhill & D. Wiens. Flora of Tropical East Africa. 1999

Morphology General Habit
Shrub, spreading to 1 m., with a well-developed haustorial attachment, very rarely with subcortical runners, glabrous; branchlets slightly compressed to soon terete and densely lenticellate.
Morphology Leaves
Leaves mostly alternate, sometimes some ± opposite; petiole 3–20 mm. long; lamina coriaceous, dull green to yellow-green, often with a red flush, ovate to ovate-elliptic, 5–13 cm. long, 3–8(–11) cm. wide, subacute to rounded at the apex, rounded to cuneate and slightly attenuate at the base, several-nerved from near the base, other venation rather irregular.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences
Umbels several, sessile, with 2–3 flowers in sockets; bract cupular, oblique, with a slight triangular limb and sometimes slightly lacerate, 2–3 mm. long.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Receptacle
Receptacle 2–3 mm. long.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Calyx
Calyx cupular, slightly toothed, 1–4 mm. long, ciliolate, split longitudinally into several segments as the corolla-base expands.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Corolla
Corolla 3–5 cm. long, tube red, sometimes green-banded at the top, lobes yellow over vents, with dark red to blackish tips; apical part of bud not swollen; basal swelling subglobular, 4–6 mm. long, 3.5–6 mm. in diameter; lobes erect, slightly hardened in the upper half, pointed, 7–11 mm. long.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Androecium Stamens
Filaments inflexed, yellow-green then brownish, the last 1 mm. hardened, paler, thickened; tooth 0.3–0.5 mm. long; anthers 2–3 mm. long.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Gynoecium Pistil
Style slender, slightly expanded and red opposite the filaments, narrowed to a 3 mm. long neck; stigma capitate, 0.5–0.8 mm. diameter.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Fruits
Berry red, obovoid, 8–9 mm. long, 5–6 mm. in diameter, warty; seed red.

Native to:

Kenya, Mozambique, Somalia, Tanzania

Agelanthus sansibarensis (Engl.) Polhill & Wiens appears in other Kew resources:

Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
Dec 1, 2007 Mwachala, G. [1347], Kenya K000438375
Dec 1, 2007 Festo, L. [2518], Kenya K000438376
Faulkner, H. [3213], Tanzania Loranthus sansibarensis 33313.000
Drummond, R.B. [3672], Tanzania Tapinanthus sansibarensis 24227.000
Tanzania Tapinanthus sansibarensis 47652.000

First published in J.-P.Lebrun & A.L.Stork, Énum. Pl. Fleurs Afr. Trop. 2: 165 (1992)

Accepted by

  • Govaerts, R. (1995). World Checklist of Seed Plants 1(1, 2): 1-483, 529. MIM, Deurne.
  • Polhill, R.M. & Wiens, D. (1998). Mistletoes of Africa: 1-370. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
  • Pope, G.V., Polhill, R.M. & Martins, E.S. (eds.) (2006). Flora Zambesiaca 9(3): 1-277. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.

Literature

Flora Zambesiaca

  • F.T.E.A., Loranthaceae: 59 (1999).
  • F.T.E.A., Loranthaceae: 60 (1999).
  • Lebrun & Stork, Enum. Pl. Afr. Trop. 2: 165 (1992)
  • Mistletoes Afr.: 165, photo. 62, fig. 14A (1998)
  • Polhill & Wiens, Mistletoes Afr.: 166, photo. 62, fig. 14A (1998)

Flora of Somalia

  • Flora Somalia, Vol 2, (1999) Author: by R.M. Polhill & D. Wiens [updated by M. Thulin 2008]

Flora of Tropical East Africa

  • Polh. & Wiens in Lebrun & Stork, Énum. Pl. Fl. Afr. Trop. 2: 165 (1992)
  • Polh. & Wiens in Mistletoes Afr.: 165 (1998).
  • Polh. & Wiens in Upland Kenya Wild Flowers, ed. 2: 156 (1994)

Flora Zambesiaca
Flora Zambesiaca
http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

Flora of Somalia
Flora of Somalia
http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

Flora of Tropical East Africa
Flora of Tropical East Africa
http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

Herbarium Catalogue Specimens

Kew Backbone Distributions
The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2021. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
© Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2021. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
© Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0