1. Family: Araceae Juss.
    1. Genus: Pinellia Ten.
      1. Pinellia ternata (Thunb.) Makino

        This species is accepted, and its native range is China to Temp. E. Asia.

    [CATE]

    CATE Araceae, 17 Dec 2011. araceae.e-monocot.org

    General Description
    Tuber globose, 1–2cm in diam. Leaves 2–5; petiole 15–20cm, base sheathing; bulbils present in sheath, at proximal or middle part of petiole, and at base of leaf blade; leaf blade 3foliolate, sometimes pedate with 5 leaflets; leaflets greenish abaxially, green adaxially, oblong-elliptic or lanceolate, base cuneate, apex acuminate; anterior leaflet 3–10 × 1–3cm; lateral leaflets (3–)4–7.5 × 1.8–2.3cm, with 7–9(or 10) primary lateral veins per side, forming a collective vein along margin. Inflorescence including peduncle longer than petioles, 25–35cm; peduncle 15–25cm. Spathe greenish or whitish green, rarely purplish, slightly constricted, 6–7cm; tube narrowly cylindric, 1.5–2cm; limb green and usually violet at margin, oblong, 4–5 × ca. 1.5cm, apex obtuse or acute. Spadix 9–10cm; female zone ca. 2cm, adnate to spathe; female flowers densely arranged; pistil 2.1–2.2mm; ovary ovoid, ca. 1.8 × 1–1.1mm; style distinct, attenuate; stigma very small, ca. 0.2mm in diam., not broader than style; sterile zone between female and male flowers ca. 3mm; male zone 5–7mm; thecae elongate, ca. 1.2mm, opening by a slit; appendix erect or sigmoid, green to violet, 6–7(–8)cm. Berries yellowish green to whitish, ovoid, with persistent stigma and style, 1-seeded.  2n = 28, 54, 72, 104, 115, 116, 128.
    Habitat
    Grasslands, secondary forests, wastelands, cultivated lands.
    Phenology
    Fl. May–Jul, fr. Jul–Sep.
    Vernacular
    ban xia
    [CATE]

    CATE Araceae, 17 Dec 2011. araceae.e-monocot.org

    Diagnostic

    Herba perennis usque ad 40 cm aIta; tuber globosum 1.0-2. cm diametro. Folia 2, ovata.  3-foliolata, iterum scissa in extrinsecus 2-foliolata. 10-12 cm longa, 7-11 cm lata: petioIis 13-20 cm longis. Pedunculi 23-30 cm longi: spatha erecta. Numerus chromosomatum. 2N = 104 (8x).

    General Description

    Perennial herb to 40 cm tall. Tuber globose, 1.0-2.0 cm diam. Leaves 2. Petiole greenish.1 3-20 cm long. base sheathing. Bulbils present in sheath at lower part of petiole, 7-8 mm diam. Blade ovate in outline. green, trifoliolate, lateral leaflets bilobed when mature. green, 10-12 cm long, 7-11 cm wide. Peduncle green, solitary longer than the petiole. 23-30 cm. Spathe green outside. typically light purplish green within, tube narrowly cylindric, 6-7 cm long. Spadix with pistillate portion basal, 1.5-1.8 cm long. Staminate portion above, 0.9-1.2 cm long. and appendix violet to green (Fig. 1). Berries ovoid. greenish white. stigma persistent. Somatic chromosome number 2n = 104.

    [CATE]
    Use
    The poisonous tubers are used in traditional Chinese medicine for treating coughs, reducing phlegm, stopping vomiting, and externally for treating mastitis and otitis media. The plant is also used ornamentally.

    Distribution

    Native to:

    China North-Central, China South-Central, China Southeast, Hainan, Inner Mongolia, Japan, Korea, Manchuria, Nansei-shoto, Taiwan

    Introduced into:

    Austria, California, District of Columbia, Germany, Maryland, Pennsylvania, West Virginia

    Pinellia ternata (Thunb.) Makino appears in other Kew resources:

    Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
    22451.000
    Japan 37333.000
    KFBX [146], South Korea 57610.000

    First published in Bot. Mag. (Tokyo) 15: 135 (1901)

    Accepted by

    • Iwatsuki, K., Boufford, D.E. & Ohba, H. (2016). Flora of Japan IVb: 1-335. Kodansha Ltd., Tokyo.
    • Chang, C.S., Kim, H. & Chang, K.S. (2014). Provisional checklist of vascular plants for the Korea peninsula flora (KPF): 1-660. DESIGNPOST.
    • Nowotny, G. & Nauwerck, B.R. (2011). Neue Vorkommen von Pinellia ternata (Thunberg) Breitenbach und andere Neophyten im Grenzgebiet von Oberösterreich und Salzburg Stapfia 95: 76-84.
    • Wu, Z. & Raven, P.H. (eds.) (2010). Flora of China 23: 1-515. Missouri Botanical Garden Press, St. Louis.
    • Zhu, G., Li, H. & Li, R. (2007). A synopsis and a new species of the E. Asian genus Pinellia (Araceae) Willdenowia 37: 503-522.
    • Govaerts, R. & Frodin, D.G. (2002). World Checklist and Bibliography of Araceae (and Acoraceae): 1-560. The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.

    Literature

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    • Nowotny, G. & Nauwerck, B.R. (2011). Neue Vorkommen von Pinellia ternata (Thunberg) Breitenbach und andere Neophyten im Grenzgebiet von Oberösterreich und Salzburg Stapfia 95: 76-84.
    • Wu, Z. & Raven, P.H. (eds.) (2010). Flora of China 23: 1-515. Missouri Botanical Garden Press, St. Louis.

    Sources

    CATE Araceae
    Haigh, A., Clark, B., Reynolds, L., Mayo, S.J., Croat, T.B., Lay, L., Boyce, P.C., Mora, M., Bogner, J., Sellaro, M., Wong, S.Y., Kostelac, C., Grayum, M.H., Keating, R.C., Ruckert, G., Naylor, M.F. and Hay, A., CATE Araceae, 17 Dec 2011.
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
    'The Herbarium Catalogue, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet http://www.kew.org/herbcat [accessed on Day Month Year]'. Please enter the date on which you consulted the system.

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2018. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2018. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0