1. Family: Iridaceae Juss.
    1. Genus: Gladiolus Tourn. ex L.
      1. Gladiolus pusillus Goldblatt

        This species is accepted, and its native range is W. Tanzania to Zambia.

    [FTEA]

    Iridaceae, Peter Goldblatt. Flora of Tropical East Africa. 1996

    Habit
    Plants slender, 15-30(-40) cm. high.
    Corms
    Corms 7-12 mm. in diameter, tunics of fine netted fibres sometimes accumulating in a weakly developed neck around the base.
    Leaves
    Foliage leaves 2, the lower one basal, tightly sheathing the stem for most of its length, often reaching to ± the top of the spike, the upper leaf inserted shortly below the spike, the apex usually shorter than but occasionally exceeding the lower leaf, blades linear, 2-5 cm. long, ± 0.5 mm. wide, the margins and midrib somewhat to heavily thickened and with 2 fairly narrow grooves on each surface.
    Stem
    Stem erect, unbranched, sheathed for most of its length, flexed sharply outward above the sheath of the upper leaf.
    Inflorescences
    Spike inclined 30-45°, lightly flexuose, (2-)4-9-flowered; bracts 6-9 mm. long, green, sometimes flushed purple, generally slightly more than one internode long, thus usually overlapping the base of the next bract, the inner slightly shorter than the outer.
    Flowers
    Flowers pale yellow or sometimes whitish or pink, the keels sometimes red to brown, the lower 3 tepals each with a deep yellow mark in the upper half often outlined greenish or brown; perianth-tube 3.5-4.5 mm. long, curved outward; tepals unequal, the dorsal largest, inclined over the stamens, ± 8-10 × 6 mm., the upper laterals directed forward, the lower 3 joined to the upper laterals for 3 mm. and to themselves for ± 2 mm., closely aligned and ± horizontal, 5-7 × 1.5 mm., in profile much exceeding the upper, abruptly narrowed below into claws.
    Stamens
    Filaments ± 5 mm. long, exserted ± 2.5 mm. from the tube; anthers 4.5-5 mm. long.
    Style
    Style dividing opposite the middle of the anthers, the branches ± 1 mm. long.
    Fruits
    Capsules broadly obovoid, 5-6 mm. long.
    Habitat
    Wet habitats such as valley grassland and near seasonal pools and streams; 1800-2100 m.; flowering November and December, soon after the end of the dry season
    Distribution
    T4
    [FZ]

    Iridaceae, P. Goldblatt. Flora Zambesiaca 12:4. 1993

    Habit
    Plants slender, 15–30(40) cm high.
    Corms
    Corms 7–12 mm in diameter; tunics of fine netted fibres sometimes accumulating around the base in a weakly developed neck.
    Leaves
    Foliage leaves 2, the lower one basal and tightly sheathing the stem for most of its length, often reaching to about the top of the spike, the upper leaf inserted shortly below the spike, the apex usually shorter than but occasionally exceeding the lower leaf; blades 2–5 cm long and c. 0.5 mm wide, linear and with 2 fairly narrow grooves on each surface, the margins and midrib somewhat to heavily thickened.
    Stem
    Stem erect, unbranched, sheathed for most of its length, flexed sharply outward above the sheath of the upper leaf.
    Inflorescences
    Spike (2)4–9-flowered, inclined at an angle of about 30°, slightly flexuous; bracts green, sometimes flushed purple, 6–9 mm long, generally slightly more than one internode long, thus usually overlapping the base of the next bract, the inner slightly shorter than the outer.
    Flowers
    Flowers pale-yellow or sometimes whitish or pink, the keels sometimes red to brown, the lower 3 tepals each with a deep-yellow mark in the upper half and this often with a greenish or brown outline; perianth tube 3.5–4.5 mm long, curved outward and emerging from between the bracts; tepals unequal, the uppermost larger than the others and hooded over the stamens, 8–10 × c. 6 mm, the upper lateral tepals directed forward, the lower 3 tepals 5–7 × 1.5 mm at the widest, much exceeding the upper when viewed in profile, joined to the upper lateral tepals for 3 mm and to themselves for c. 2 mm, closely aligned and more or less horizontal, abruptly narrowed below into claws.
    Stamens
    Filaments c. 5 mm long, unilateral and arcuate, exserted c. 2.5 mm from the tube; anthers yellow, parallel, 4.5–5 mm long, shortly apiculate, reaching or barely exceeding the apices of the upper lateral tepals.
    Style
    Style dividing opposite the middle of the anthers, style branches c. 1 mm long, not reaching the anther apices.
    Fruits
    Capsules 5–6 mm long, broadly obovoid.

    Images

    Distribution

    Native to:

    Tanzania, Zambia, Zaïre

    Gladiolus pusillus Goldblatt appears in other Kew resources:

    Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
    Richards, H.M. [15422], Zambia K000320804 holotype

    First published in Fl. Zambes. 12(4): 85 (1993)

    Accepted by

    • Geerinck, D (2005). Flore d'Afrique Centrale (Zaïre - Rwanda - Burundi) Iridaceae: 1-102. Jardin Botanique National de Belgique, Meise.
    • Govaerts, R. (2003). World Checklist of Seed Plants Database in ACCESS G: 1-40325.

    Literature

    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    • Goldblatt in Gladiolus Trop. Afr.: 167 (1996).
    • Goldblatt in Flora Zambesiaca 12(4): 85 (1993)

    Sources

    Flora Zambesiaca
    Flora Zambesiaca
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
    'The Herbarium Catalogue, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet http://www.kew.org/herbcat [accessed on Day Month Year]'. Please enter the date on which you consulted the system.
    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0