1. Family: Iridaceae Juss.
    1. Genus: Gladiolus Tourn. ex L.
      1. Gladiolus nyasicus Goldblatt

        This species is accepted, and its native range is S. Tanzania to Malawi.

    [FZ]

    Iridaceae, P. Goldblatt. Flora Zambesiaca 12:4. 1993

    Habit
    Plants 40–60 cm high.
    Corms
    Corms 15–20 mm in diameter; tunics light-brown, of brittle membranous layers, the outer becoming irregularly broken or fibrous.
    Leaves
    Foliage leaves produced simultaneously with the flowers on the same shoot, 4–5, the lower 2–3 leaves basal or nearly so, about a third to half as long as the spike, 5–10 mm wide and narrowly lanceolate, the blades firm-textured with moderately raised and thickened midrib and margins; the upper 2–3 leaves cauline and largely or entirely sheathing, often imbricate.
    Stem
    Stem unbranched.
    Inflorescences
    Spike (2)3–7(10)-flowered; bracts pale-green, evidently becoming dry above, 24–30(40) mm long, the inner somewhat shorter than the outer.
    Flowers
    Flowers pale-yellow to cream-coloured, the uppermost tepal sometimes flushed with red; perianth tube 18–25 mm long, nearly cylindric below, curving outward and expanded in the upper half; tepals unequal, the 3 upper tepals broadly elliptic-ovate, the uppermost (20)25–28 × c. 16 mm, larger than the others and hooded over the stamens, the upper lateral tepals about as long as to c. 5 mm shorter than the upper and c. 12 mm wide, directed forward and curving outward distally, the lower 3 tepals 12–16 × 7–10 mm and down-curved, the lowermost somewhat longer than the lower laterals.
    Stamens
    Filaments c. 16 mm long, exserted 4–6 mm; anthers 8–12 mm long.
    Style
    Style dividing near the anther apices, style branches c 4.5 mm long.
    Fruits
    Capsules (18)20–24 mm long, ellipsoid-obovoid.
    [FTEA]

    Iridaceae, Peter Goldblatt. Flora of Tropical East Africa. 1996

    Habit
    Plants 40-60 cm. high.
    Corms
    Corm 1.5-2 cm. in diameter, tunics of brittle membranous layers, the outer becoming irregularly broken or fibrous, light brown.
    Leaves
    Foliage leaves contemporary with the flowers, 4-5, the lower 2-3 basal or nearly so, laminate, narrowly lanceolate, 5-10 mm. wide, ± 1/3-1/2 as long as the spike, firm textured with moderately raised and thickened midrib and margins, the upper 2-3 leaves cauline and largely or entirely sheathing, often imbricate.
    Stem
    Stem unbranched.
    Inflorescences
    Spike (2-)3-7(-10)-flowered; bracts 2.4-3(-4) cm. long, pale green, evidently becoming dry above, the inner somewhat shorter than the outer.
    Flowers
    Flowers pale yellow to cream, the dorsal tepal sometimes flushed with red; perianth-tube 1.8-2.5 cm. long, nearly cylindric below, curving outward and expanded in the upper half; tepals unequal, the 3 upper broadly elliptic-ovate, the dorsal largest, ± (2-)2.5-2.8 × 1.6 cm., hooded over the stamens, the upper laterals ± as long to ± 5 mm. shorter and ± 1.2 cm. wide, directed forward and curving outward distally, the lower 3 tepals 1.2-1.6 cm. long, 7-10 mm. wide, curving downwards, the lowermost somewhat longer than the lower laterals.
    Stamens
    Filaments ± 1.6 cm. long, exserted 4-6 mm.; anthers 8-12 mm. long.
    Style
    Style dividing near the anther-apices, the branches ± 4.5 mm. long.
    Fruits
    Capsules obovoid, (1.8-)2-2.4 cm. long.
    Habitat
    Boggy grassland and seasonally flooded valley grassland; 1000-1800 m.; flowering mid-December to mid-February
    Distribution
    T8

    Images

    Distribution

    Native to:

    Malawi, Tanzania

    Gladiolus nyasicus Goldblatt appears in other Kew resources:

    Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
    Jan 1, 1991 Robson, N.K.B. [1301], Malawi K000283084
    Jan 1, 1991 Robson, N.K.B. [1447], Malawi K000283085
    Jan 1, 1991 Jackson, G. [2274], Malawi K000283086
    Jan 1, 1991 Jackson, G. [2274], Malawi K000283087
    Jan 1, 1991 Milne-Redhead, E. [7769], Tanzania K000283081
    Jan 1, 1991 Milne-Redhead, E. [8033], Tanzania K000283082 holotype
    Smith, P.P. [1814], Zambia K000283083

    First published in Fl. Zambes. 12(4): 94 (1993)

    Accepted by

    • Govaerts, R. (2003). World Checklist of Seed Plants Database in ACCESS G: 1-40325.

    Literature

    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    • Goldblatt in Gladiolus Trop. Afr.: 226 (1996).
    • Goldblatt in Flora Zambesiaca 12(4): 94 (1993)

    Sources

    Flora Zambesiaca
    Flora Zambesiaca
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
    'The Herbarium Catalogue, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet http://www.kew.org/herbcat [accessed on Day Month Year]'. Please enter the date on which you consulted the system.
    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0