1. Family: Poaceae Barnhart
    1. Genus: Pentameris P.Beauv.
      1. Pentameris hirtiglumis N.P.Barker

        This species is accepted, and its native range is Cape Prov.

    [GB]
    Habit
    Perennial; cushion forming, or caespitose; clumped densely. Culms decumbent; 20-75 cm long. Leaf-sheaths loose; glabrous on surface, or pubescent; outer margin hairy. Ligule a fringe of hairs. Leaf-blades curved; convolute; 10-20 cm long; 1-1.5 mm wide; coriaceous.
    Inflorescences
    Inflorescence a panicle; comprising 15-20 fertile spikelets. Panicle open; lanceolate; 7.5-11 cm long; 2-3.5 cm wide. Spikelets solitary. Fertile spikelets pedicelled.
    Spikelets
    Spikelets comprising 2 fertile florets; with a barren rhachilla extension. Spikelets lanceolate; laterally compressed; 14.5-21.5 mm long; breaking up at maturity; disarticulating below each fertile floret.
    Fertile
    Spikelets comprising 2 fertile florets; with a barren rhachilla extension. Spikelets lanceolate; laterally compressed; 14.5-21.5 mm long; breaking up at maturity; disarticulating below each fertile floret.
    Glume
    Glumes persistent; similar; exceeding apex of florets. Lower glume lanceolate; 14.5-21.5 mm long; 1 length of upper glume; membranous. Lower glume surface hirsute. Lower glume apex attenuate. Upper glume lanceolate; 14.5-21.5 mm long; membranous. Upper glume surface hirsute. Upper glume apex attenuate.
    Florets
    Fertile lemma oblong; 3.8-5.7 mm long; membranous; without keel. Lemma apex lobed; 2 -fid; with lobes 1-2 mm long; awned; 3 -awned. Principal lemma awn from a sinus; geniculate; 11.5-17 mm long overall; with twisted column. Column of lemma awn 4-6 mm long. Lateral lemma awns arising on inner edge of lobes; 3-6.5 mm long; shorter than principal. Palea 4-4.5 mm long; 2 -veined.
    Flowers
    Lodicules 2; cuneate; glabrous. Anthers 3; 3.5-5 mm long.
    Fruits
    Caryopsis with free brittle pericarp; fusiform; 2.4 mm long; hairy at apex.
    Distribution
    Africa: south.
    Reference
    Arundineae. Barker 2002.

    Distribution

    Native to:

    Cape Provinces

    Pentameris hirtiglumis N.P.Barker appears in other Kew resources:

    First published in Bothalia 23: 39 (1993)

    Accepted by

    • Clayton, W.D., Harman, K.T. & Williamson, H. (2006). World Grass Species - Synonymy database The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Germishuizen, G. & Meyer, N.L. (eds.) (2003). Plants of Southern Africa: an annotated checklist. Strelitzia 14.: i-vi, 1-1231. National Botanical Institute, Pretoria.

    Literature

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    • Germishuizen, G. & Meyer, N.L. (eds.) (2003). Plants of Southern Africa: an annotated checklist. Strelitzia 14.: i-vi, 1-1231. National Botanical Institute, Pretoria.

    Sources

    GrassBase - The Online World Grass Flora
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0