1. Family: Poaceae Barnhart
    1. Genus: Pentameris P.Beauv.
      1. Pentameris glacialis N.P.Barker

        This species is accepted, and its native range is Cape Prov.

    [GB]
    Habit
    Perennial. Culms decumbent; 30-55 cm long. Leaf-sheaths loose; outer margin glabrous, or hairy. Ligule a fringe of hairs. Leaf-blades filiform; convolute; 5-10 cm long; 1-1.5 mm wide; coriaceous.
    Inflorescences
    Inflorescence a panicle; comprising 6-12(-15) fertile spikelets. Panicle open; ovate; 4-7 cm long; 1-3 cm wide. Spikelets solitary. Fertile spikelets pedicelled.
    Spikelets
    Spikelets comprising 2 fertile florets; with a barren rhachilla extension. Spikelets lanceolate; laterally compressed; 13-14.5 mm long; breaking up at maturity; disarticulating below each fertile floret.
    Fertile
    Spikelets comprising 2 fertile florets; with a barren rhachilla extension. Spikelets lanceolate; laterally compressed; 13-14.5 mm long; breaking up at maturity; disarticulating below each fertile floret.
    Glume
    Glumes persistent; similar; exceeding apex of florets. Lower glume lanceolate; 13-14.5 mm long; 1 length of upper glume; membranous. Lower glume apex attenuate. Upper glume lanceolate; 13-14.5 mm long; membranous. Upper glume apex attenuate.
    Florets
    Fertile lemma oblong; 3.5-5 mm long; membranous; without keel. Lemma surface pilose. Lemma apex lobed; 2 -fid; with lobes 1-1.9 mm long; awned; 3 -awned. Principal lemma awn from a sinus; geniculate; 11-14 mm long overall; with twisted column. Column of lemma awn 3.5-5.5 mm long. Lateral lemma awns arising on inner edge of lobes; 3.5-4.5 mm long; shorter than principal. Palea 3.5-4.2 mm long; 2 -veined.
    Flowers
    Lodicules 2; cuneate; glabrous. Anthers 3.
    Fruits
    Caryopsis with free brittle pericarp; fusiform; 2.5 mm long; hairy at apex.
    Distribution
    Africa: south.
    Reference
    Arundineae. Barker 2002.

    Distribution

    Native to:

    Cape Provinces

    Pentameris glacialis N.P.Barker appears in other Kew resources:

    Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
    Barker, N.P. [997], South Africa K000719931
    Barker, N.P. [995], South Africa K000719932 Unknown type material

    First published in Bothalia 23: 44 (1993)

    Accepted by

    • Clayton, W.D., Harman, K.T. & Williamson, H. (2006). World Grass Species - Synonymy database The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Germishuizen, G. & Meyer, N.L. (eds.) (2003). Plants of Southern Africa: an annotated checklist. Strelitzia 14.: i-vi, 1-1231. National Botanical Institute, Pretoria.

    Literature

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    • Germishuizen, G. & Meyer, N.L. (eds.) (2003). Plants of Southern Africa: an annotated checklist. Strelitzia 14.: i-vi, 1-1231. National Botanical Institute, Pretoria.

    Sources

    GrassBase - The Online World Grass Flora
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
    'The Herbarium Catalogue, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet http://www.kew.org/herbcat [accessed on Day Month Year]'. Please enter the date on which you consulted the system.

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0