1. Family: Poaceae Barnhart
    1. Genus: Acidosasa C.D.Chu & C.S.Chao
      1. Acidosasa notata (Z.P.Wang & G.H.Ye) S.S.You

        This species is accepted, and its native range is China (C. & S. Fujian, Jiangxi, Zhejiang).

    [GB]
    Florets
    Fertile lemma ovate; 16-19 mm long; chartaceous; without keel; 13-19 -veined. Lemma lateral veins with cross-veins. Lemma surface pubescent. Lemma apex acuminate. Palea 13-15 mm long. Palea surface pubescent. Apical sterile florets resembling fertile though underdeveloped.
    Flowers
    Lodicules 3; 4-5 mm long; glabrous. Anthers 6; 8-12 mm long; yellow. Stigmas 3.
    Fruits
    Caryopsis with adherent pericarp; apex unappendaged.
    Distribution
    Asia-temperate: China.
    Reference
    Bambuseae. Chao & Zhu 2002.
    Habit
    Perennial. Rhizomes short; pachymorph. Culms erect; 200-300 cm long; 15-20 mm diam.; woody. Culm-internodes terete; thin-walled; glaucous. Lateral branches dendroid. Branch complement three. Culm-sheaths deciduous; hispid; hairy on margins; auriculate; with obtuse auricles; with 4 mm high auricles; setose on shoulders; shoulders with 7 mm long hairs. Culm-sheath ligule 6 mm high; ciliate. Culm-sheath blade lanceolate; glabrous on surface. Leaves 2-5 per branch. Leaf-sheaths glabrous on surface, or pubescent. Leaf-sheath oral hairs ciliate; deciduous. Leaf-sheath auricles falcate. Ligule an eciliate membrane; 4 mm long; erose. Leaf-blade base with a brief petiole-like connection to sheath. Leaf-blades lanceolate; 11-21 cm long; 3-6 mm wide; dark green and mid-green; discolorous with last colour beneath. Leaf-blade venation with 10-14 secondary veins. Leaf-blade surface glabrous. Leaf-blade apex attenuate.
    Inflorescences
    Inflorescence composed of racemes, or comprising only a few spikelets. Racemes 1; single; bearing few fertile spikelets; bearing 3-5 fertile spikelets on each. Spikelets solitary. Fertile spikelets pedicelled. Pedicels 2-13 mm long; glabrous.
    Spikelets
    Spikelets comprising 3-10 fertile florets; with diminished florets at the apex. Spikelets linear; laterally compressed; 25-70 mm long; 3-6 mm wide; breaking up at maturity; disarticulating below each fertile floret. Rhachilla internodes 7 mm long; pubescent.
    Fertile
    Spikelets comprising 3-10 fertile florets; with diminished florets at the apex. Spikelets linear; laterally compressed; 25-70 mm long; 3-6 mm wide; breaking up at maturity; disarticulating below each fertile floret. Rhachilla internodes 7 mm long; pubescent.
    Glume
    Glumes two; persistent; similar; shorter than spikelet. Lower glume ovate; 6-19 mm long; chartaceous; without keels. Lower glume apex acute. Upper glume ovate; 10-18 mm long; chartaceous; without keels. Upper glume surface glabrous. Upper glume apex acute; mucronate.
    [GB]
    Habit
    Perennial. Rhizomes elongated; leptomorph. Culms erect; 300-400 cm long; 10-20 mm diam.; woody. Culm-internodes terete; thick-walled; 21-22 cm long; dark green, or glaucous; distally hispid. Culm-nodes swollen. Lateral branches dendroid. Culm-sheaths tardily deciduous; 1 length of internode; coriaceous; green; without auricles; ciliate on shoulders; shoulders with straight hairs. Culm-sheath ligule 2 mm high; ciliolate. Culm-sheath blade triangular; reflexed; acuminate. Leaves 3-4(-8) per branch. Leaf-sheaths hispid. Leaf-sheath oral hairs lacking. Leaf-sheath auricles falcate. Ligule an eciliate membrane; 5 mm long. Leaf-blade base cuneate; asymmetrical; with a brief petiole-like connection to sheath. Leaf-blades lanceolate; 10-23 cm long; (10-)25-33 mm wide. Leaf-blade venation with 14-16 secondary veins. Leaf-blade surface puberulous; hairy adaxially. Leaf-blade margins serrulate.
    Inflorescences
    Flowering specimens unknown.
    Distribution
    Asia-temperate: China.
    Reference
    Bambuseae. Fl China 2007.
    [GB]
    Habit
    Perennial. Rhizomes elongated; leptomorph. Culms erect; 500-650 cm long; 20-30 mm diam.; woody. Culm-internodes terete; 40 cm long; glaucous; distally pubescent. Culm-nodes swollen. Lateral branches dendroid. Culm-sheaths green and brown; distinctly mottled with last colour; hispid; hairy on margins; convex at apex; without auricles; glabrous on shoulders, or ciliate on shoulders. Culm-sheath ligule 8 mm high; ciliolate. Culm-sheath blade linear, or lanceolate; reflexed; pubescent (beneath). Leaves 3-5 per branch. Leaf-sheaths glabrous on surface. Leaf-sheath oral hairs setose; spreading; 3 mm long. Leaf-sheath auricles absent. Ligule an eciliate membrane; 3-4 mm long; acute. Leaf-blade base with a brief petiole-like connection to sheath; petiole 0.5 cm long. Leaf-blades lanceolate; 12-19 cm long; 17-23 mm wide. Leaf-blade venation with 14-16 secondary veins. Leaf-blade surface pubescent; hairy abaxially. Leaf-blade apex acute.
    Inflorescences
    Flowering specimens unknown.
    Distribution
    Asia-temperate: China.
    Reference
    Bambuseae. Fl China 2007.

    Distribution

    Native to:

    China Southeast

    Acidosasa notata (Z.P.Wang & G.H.Ye) S.S.You appears in other Kew resources:

    First published in J. Bamboo Res. 12(3): 11 (1993)

    Accepted by

    • Wu, Z. & Raven, P.H. (eds.) (2006). Poaceae Flora of China 22: 1-733. Missouri Botanical Garden Press, St. Louis.
    • Clayton, W.D., Harman, K.T. & Williamson, H. (2006). World Grass Species - Synonymy database The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.

    Literature

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    • Wu, Z. & Raven, P.H. (eds.) (2006). Poaceae Flora of China 22: 1-733. Missouri Botanical Garden Press, St. Louis.

    Sources

    GrassBase - The Online World Grass Flora
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2020. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2020. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0