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This species is accepted, and its native range is New Caledonia.
A specimen from Kew's Herbarium

[GB]
Morphology General Habit
Perennial; caespitose; clumped loosely. Rhizomes short. Culms geniculately ascending; 60-80 cm long. Culm-nodes glabrous. Lateral branches lacking. Leaf-sheath oral hairs scanty. Leaf-sheath auricles absent. Ligule a ciliolate membrane; 0.5-1 mm long. Leaf-blades 17-21 cm long; 7-11 mm wide. Leaf-blade surface smooth, or scaberulous; rough on both sides. Leaf-blade margins scabrous.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences
Inflorescence a panicle; comprising 7-40 fertile spikelets. Panicle open; lanceolate, or ovate; 30-55 cm long; 3-8 cm wide; bearing few spikelets. Primary panicle branches simple. Panicle branches scabrous; rough distally. Spikelets solitary. Fertile spikelets pedicelled. Pedicels linear; sinuous; bibracteate.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences Spikelets
Spikelets comprising 2 basal sterile florets; 1 fertile florets; without rhachilla extension. Spikelets elliptic, or oblong; laterally compressed; 7-9 mm long; 1.5-1.8 mm wide; falling entire.
Fertile
Spikelets comprising 2 basal sterile florets; 1 fertile florets; without rhachilla extension. Spikelets elliptic, or oblong; laterally compressed; 7-9 mm long; 1.5-1.8 mm wide; falling entire.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences Bracts Glume
Glumes both absent or obscure.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Florets
Basal sterile florets similar; barren; without significant palea. Lemma of lower sterile floret linear; 2-2.3 mm long; 0.33 length of spikelet; coriaceous; 1 -veined; without lateral veins. Lemma of upper sterile floret linear; 2-2.3 mm long; 1 length of lower sterile floret; coriaceous. Fertile lemma oblong; laterally compressed; 7-8 mm long; 3.5 mm wide; coriaceous; red (pink); keeled; 5 -veined. Lemma surface granulose; hispidulous (spinulose); with hooked hairs. Lemma margins interlocking with palea margins. Lemma apex acute; muticous. Palea elliptic; 7 mm long; coriaceous; 3 -veined; 1-keeled. Palea apex acute.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers
Lodicules 2; 0.8 mm long; membranous. Anthers 6; 2.8-3 mm long; yellow. Stigmas 2.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Fruits
Caryopsis with adherent pericarp; lanceolate, or ovoid; 5-6 mm long; dark brown. Embryo 0.2 length of caryopsis. Hilum linear. Disseminule comprising a floret.
Distribution
Pacific: southwestern.
Reference
Oryzeae. Morat 1996.

Native to:

New Caledonia

Oryza neocaledonica Morat appears in other Kew resources:

Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
Jan 1, 1994 Veillon, J.M. [7573], New Caledonia K000848936 Unknown type material

First published in Bull. Mus. Natl. Hist. Nat., B, Adansonia 16: 3 (1994)

Accepted by

  • Clayton, W.D. & Snow, N. (2010). A key to Pacific Grasses: 1-107. Kew Publishing, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
  • Clayton, W.D., Harman, K.T. & Williamson, H. (2006). World Grass Species - Synonymy database The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.

Literature

Kew Backbone Distributions

  • Clayton, W.D. & Snow, N. (2010). A key to Pacific Grasses: 1-107. Kew Publishing, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.

GrassBase - The Online World Grass Flora
http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

Kew Backbone Distributions
The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2021. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
© Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2021. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
© Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0