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This species is accepted, and its native range is Africa to Arabian Peninsula Indian Subcontinent.
Setaria geminata (Forssk.) Veldkamp

[CPLC]

Bernal, R., Gradstein, S.R. & Celis, M. (eds.). 2015. Catálogo de plantas y líquenes de Colombia. Instituto de Ciencias Naturales, Universidad Nacional de Colombia, Bogotá. http://catalogoplantasdecolombia.unal.edu.co

Distribution
Nativa en Colombia; Alt. 0 - 500 m.; Llanura del Caribe.
Morphology General Habit
Hierba
Conservation
No Evaluada

[FSOM]

M. Thulin et al. Flora of Somalia, Vol. 1-4 [updated 2008] https://plants.jstor.org/collection/FLOS

Morphology General Habit
Perennial up to 60 cm high, with creeping or floating spongy stolons, the stems prostrate and rooting from the lower nodes
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences
Inflorescence 5–30 cm long; racemes 0.5–4 cm long, contiguous (but the lowermost usually remote), the rhachis narrowly winged, 0.5–1 mm wide, usually shortly ciliate
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences Spikelets
Spikelets ovate, 1.6–2.6 mm long; lower glume truncate, 1/4–1/3 the length of the spikelet; upper glume 2/3–4/5 the length of the spikelet; upper lemma granulose.
Distribution
N1, 3; C1; S2, 3 Old World tropics.
Ecology
Altitude range 0–1300 m.
Vernacular
Sabool (Somali).

[FTEA]

Gramineae, W. D. Clayton, S. M. Phillips & S. A. Renvoize. Flora of Tropical East Africa. 1974

Morphology General Habit
Perennial, with creeping or floating ± spongy rhizomes; culms 10–60 cm. high, prostrate and rooting at the nodes below.
Morphology Leaves
Leaf-blades 5–35 cm. long, 2–13 mm. wide, flat or folded, setaceously acuminate.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences
Inflorescence 5–30 cm. long; racemes 0.5–4 cm. long, their rhachis narrowly winged from a triquetrous midrib, 0.5–1 mm. wide, glabrous or sparsely ciliate.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences Spikelets
Spikelet ovate, 1.6–2.6 mm. long; lower glume truncate, 1/4–1/3 the length of the spikelet; upper glume 2/3–4/5 the length of the spikelet; lower floret with a palea, its lemma as long as the spikelet, the nerves not raised; upper lemma granulose.
Figures
Fig. 133.
Habitat
On marshy soils, wet sandbanks and in water up to 2 m. deep; 0–1500 m.
Distribution
Old World tropics K1 K2 K3 K4 K5 K6 K7 P T1 T2 T3 T4 T6 T7

[FWTA]

Gramineae, W. D. Clayton. Flora of West Tropical Africa 3:2. 1972

Morphology General Habit
A stoloniferous perennial with stout, rather spongy, culms
Ecology
Damp places.

[GB]
Morphology General Habit
Perennial; mat forming. Rhizomes elongated; spongy. Culms prostrate; 10-180 cm long; spongy; rooting from lower nodes. Ligule a fringe of hairs. Leaf-blades flat, or conduplicate; 5-35 cm long; 2-13 mm wide. Leaf-blade apex acuminate.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences
Inflorescence composed of racemes. Racemes borne along a central axis; appressed; unilateral; 0.5-4 cm long. Central inflorescence axis 5-30 cm long; flattened. Rhachis narrowly winged; with sharp-edged midrib; angular; 0.5-1 mm wide; terminating in a barren extension; extension inconspicuous. Spikelet packing abaxial; crowded; regular; 2 -rowed. Spikelets appressed; solitary, or in pairs. Fertile spikelets sessile, or pedicelled; 1-2 in the cluster. Pedicels oblong.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences Spikelets
Spikelets comprising 1 basal sterile florets; 1 fertile florets; without rhachilla extension. Spikelets ovate; dorsally compressed; 1.6-2.6 mm long; falling entire.
Fertile
Spikelets comprising 1 basal sterile florets; 1 fertile florets; without rhachilla extension. Spikelets ovate; dorsally compressed; 1.6-2.6 mm long; falling entire.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences Bracts Glume
Glumes dissimilar; shorter than spikelet; thinner than fertile lemma. Lower glume orbicular; 0.5 mm long; 0.3-0.5 length of upper glume; 0.2-0.4 length of spikelet; membranous; pallid; without keels; 0-5 -veined. Lower glume apex truncate. Upper glume elliptic; 0.6-0.8 length of spikelet; membranous; without keels; 5 -veined. Upper glume lateral veins transversely connected at apex. Upper glume apex obtuse, or acute.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Florets
Basal sterile florets male; with palea. Lemma of lower sterile floret similar to upper glume; elliptic; 1 length of spikelet; membranous; 5 -veined; obtuse, or acute. Fertile lemma elliptic; 1.2-2.4 mm long; indurate; dark brown; shiny; without keel; 5 -veined. Lemma surface granulose; unwrinkled, or rugulose. Lemma margins involute. Lemma apex obtuse, or acute. Palea reflexed at apex; indurate.
Distribution
Africa: north, Macaronesia, west tropical, west-central tropical, northeast tropical, east tropical, southern tropical, south, middle Atlantic ocean, and western Indian ocean. Asia-temperate: western Asia and Arabia. Asia-tropical: India, Indo-China, and Malesia. North America: north-central USA, south-central USA, southeast USA, and Mexico. South America: Mesoamericana, Caribbean, northern South America, western South America, Brazil, and southern South America.
Reference
Paniceae. SAR 1999.

[FZ]

Gramineae, W. D. Clayton. Flora Zambesiaca 10:3. 1989

Morphology General Habit
Perennial with creeping or floating ± spongy rhizomes.
Morphology Culms
Culms 10–100 cm. high, prostrate and rooting at the nodes below.
Morphology Leaves Leaf lamina
Leaf laminae setaceously acuminate.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences
Inflorescence 5–30 cm. long, bearing numerous short 2-rowed overlapping racemes, these 0.5–4 cm. long.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences Spikelets
Spikelets 1.6–2.6 mm. long.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences Bracts Glume
Inferior glume truncate, up to 1/3 length of spikelet; superior 2/3 to almost as long as spikelet.

Doubtfully present in:

KwaZulu-Natal

Native to:

Angola, Benin, Burkina, Burundi, Cameroon, Canary Is., Cape Verde, Chad, Comoros, Djibouti, Egypt, Ethiopia, Gabon, Ghana, Guinea-Bissau, India, Ivory Coast, Kenya, Lebanon-Syria, Libya, Madagascar, Madeira, Malawi, Mali, Mauritania, Mauritius, Mozambique, Namibia, Niger, Nigeria, Oman, Pakistan, Palestine, Rodrigues, Rwanda, Réunion, Saudi Arabia, Senegal, Seychelles, Socotra, Somalia, Sri Lanka, Sudan, Tanzania, Togo, Uganda, Yemen, Zambia, Zaïre

Introduced into:

Alabama, Argentina Northeast, Argentina Northwest, Aruba, Bahamas, Belize, Bermuda, Brazil Northeast, Brazil South, Brazil Southeast, Cayman Is., Colombia, Costa Rica, Cuba, Dominican Republic, Ecuador, El Salvador, Florida, French Guiana, Galápagos, Georgia, Guatemala, Guyana, Haiti, Honduras, Jamaica, Jawa, Leeward Is., Lesser Sunda Is., Louisiana, Malaya, Mexico Central, Mexico Gulf, Mexico Northeast, Mexico Northwest, Mexico Southeast, Mexico Southwest, Missouri, Myanmar, Netherlands Antilles, Nicaragua, Nicobar Is., Oklahoma, Panamá, Paraguay, Peru, Puerto Rico, South Carolina, St.Helena, Suriname, Texas, Trinidad-Tobago, Turks-Caicos Is., Uruguay, Venezuela, Vietnam, Windward Is.

Setaria geminata (Forssk.) Veldkamp appears in other Kew resources:

Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
Nash, G.V. [746], Florida Paspalidium paludivagum K001056018 Unknown type material
Araujo, D. [3036], Brazil Paspalidium paludivagum K001102920
Clayton, W.D. [4462], Brazil Paspalidium paludivagum K001102921
s.coll. [Cat. no. 8691] Panicum paspaloides K001131264
s.coll. [Cat. no. 8691] Panicum paspaloides K001131266
s.coll. [Cat. no. 8691] Panicum paspaloides K001131265
Oct 1, 1960 Davey, J.T. [24], Mali Paspalidium geminatum K000212198
Oct 1, 1929 Retzius [s.n.], India Paspalidium geminatum K001056050 Unknown type material
Harley, R.M. [16239], Bahia Paspalidium geminatum K000004629
Gardner [0], Pernambuco Paspalidium geminatum K000004626
Gardner [1875], Brazil Paspalidium geminatum K000004627
Swallen, J.R. [4806], Rio Grande do Norte Paspalidium geminatum K000004628
Noblick, L.R. [1827], Bahia Paspalidium geminatum K000004630
Salzmann, P. [s.n.], Bahia Paspalidium geminatum K000004625 isotype
[Salzmann, P.] [s.n.], Bahia Paspalidium geminatum K000004624 isotype
Salzmann, P. [s.n.], Bahia Paspalidium geminatum K000004623 isotype
Ridley, H.N. [143], Fernando de Noronha Paspalidium geminatum K000004622
Wight, R. [1615], India Paspalidium geminatum K000245337 Unknown type material
Ascherson, P. [591], Egypt Paspalidium geminatum K000244629
Spruce, R. [6424], Peru Paspalidium geminatum K000201716
Paspalidium geminatum K000643188
Laegaard, S. [18288], Burkina Faso Paspalidium geminatum K000212195
Davey [79], Mali Paspalidium geminatum K000212197
Chevalier, A.J.B. [1231], Mali Paspalidium geminatum K000212199
Riedel [s.n.], Brazil Paspalidium geminatum K001102933
Nascimento, M.S.B. [1406], Brazil Paspalidium geminatum K001102927
Heath, J. [1], Mali Paspalidium geminatum K000212196
Chevalier, A.J.B. [1230], Mali Paspalidium geminatum K000212200
Swainson [s.n.], Brazil Paspalidium geminatum K001102932
Leclercq, A. [3], Mali Paspalidium geminatum K000212204
Melo, E. [1807], Brazil Paspalidium geminatum K001102925
Casari, M.B. [650], Brazil Paspalidium geminatum K001102928
s.coll. [1615], India Paspalidium geminatum K001056049
Burchell, W.J. [1619], Brazil Paspalidium geminatum K001102922
Nascimento, M.S.B. [1243], Brazil Paspalidium geminatum K001102931
Araujo, D. [3265], Brazil Paspalidium geminatum K001102926
Paspalidium geminatum K000643187
Boulos, L. [8418], Jordan Paspalidium geminatum K000315583
[Salzmann, P.] [s.n.], Bahia Paspalidium geminatum K000643186
Chevalier, A.J.B. [4], Mali Paspalidium geminatum K000212203
Chevalier, A.J.B. [4], Mali Paspalidium geminatum K000212202
Ridley [143], Brazil Paspalidium geminatum K001102930
Ascherson, P [2409], Egypt Paspalidium geminatum K000244630
Swallen, J.R. [4924], Brazil Paspalidium geminatum K001102929
Chevalier, A.J.B. [1221], Mali Paspalidium geminatum K000212201
Glaziou, A. [6932], Brazil Paspalidium geminatum K001102923
Araújo, D. [3001], Brazil Paspalidium geminatum K001102924

First published in Blumea 39: 377 (1994)

Accepted by

  • Sosef, M.S.M. & al. (2019). Novitates Gabonenses 91: additons to the grass flora of Gabon Plant Ecology and Evolution 152: 99-105.

Not accepted by

  • Clayton, W.D., Harman, K.T. & Williamson, H. (2006). World Grass Species - Synonymy database The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. [Cited as Paspalidium geminatum.]

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Catálogo de Plantas y Líquenes de Colombia
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Flora Zambesiaca
Flora Zambesiaca
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Flora of Somalia
Flora of Somalia
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Flora of Tropical East Africa
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Flora of West Tropical Africa
Flora of West Tropical Africa
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GrassBase - The Online World Grass Flora
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Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
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The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2021. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
© Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2021. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
© Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

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