1. Family: Iridaceae Juss.
    1. Genus: Gladiolus Tourn. ex L.
      1. Gladiolus candidus (Rendle) Goldblatt

        This species is accepted, and its native range is NE. & E. Tropical Africa, S. Arabian Peninsula.

    [FTEA]

    Iridaceae, Peter Goldblatt. Flora of Tropical East Africa. 1996

    Habit
    Plants 20-40 cm. high.
    Corms
    Corm globose, 1.2-2.5 cm. in diameter, tunics firm-papery, breaking into vertical fibres above and below.
    Leaves
    Leaves 2-3, all ± basal, narrowly lanceolate, ± 1/2 as long as the stem, 5-10 mm. wide, the margins and midribs evident but not noticeably thickened.
    Stem
    Stem erect, unbranched, ± 2.5 mm. in diameter below the first flower.
    Inflorescences
    Spike erect, 2-4-flowered; bracts (2.5-)4-5(-8) cm. long, the inner shorter and narrower than the outer.
    Flowers
    Flowers white, rarely pink, rarely with narrow purple median streaks in the lower midline of the lower tepals, sweetly scented; perianth-tube (7-)8-10 cm. long, ± straight and cylindric; tepals subequal, broadly lanceolate to elliptic, (2-)2.5-3 cm. long, ± 1.5 cm. wide.
    Stamens
    Filaments ± 2 cm. long, included in the tube, or rarely exserted 1-2 mm.; anthers 8-10 mm. long, with acute apiculate appendages 1.3-1.8 mm. long.
    Style
    Style dividing opposite the anther-apices, the branches 5-7 mm. long, often unusually broad and fringed.
    Fruits
    Capsules narrowly elliptic to obovoid, 1.8-2.2 cm. long.
    Figures
    Fig. 17/3-4.
    Habitat
    Well-watered highlands in rocky outcrops, woodland and fairly dry bushland; mostly 600-2000 m., sometimes near the coast; flowering mainly March to May in Kenya and Tanzania
    Distribution
    K1 K3 K4 K6 K7 T1 T2 T3
    [FTEA]
    Use
    Unusual for Gladiolus, the corms are eaten when available in Dhofar (Miller & Morris, 1988). Corms are reported to be eaten asa remedy for snake bite in northern Kenya (Gillett 12833).

    Images

    Distribution

    Native to:

    Djibouti, Ethiopia, Kenya, Oman, Somalia, Tanzania, Yemen

    Gladiolus candidus (Rendle) Goldblatt appears in other Kew resources:

    Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
    Bally, P.R.O. [1060], Kenya K000320770 holotype
    Scott Elliot, G.F. [6434], Kenya K000320771 holotype
    Johnston, H.H. [s.n.], Tanzania K000320773 holotype
    Hildebrandt, J.M. [2015], Kenya K000320772 holotype

    First published in J.-P.Lebrun & A.L.Stork, Énum. Pl. Fleurs Afr. Trop. 3: 89 (1995)

    Accepted by

    • Demissew, S. & Nordal, I. (2010). Aloes and other Lilies of Ethiopia and Eritrea, ed, 2: 1-351. Shama Books, Addis Ababa, Ethiopia.
    • Govaerts, R. (2003). World Checklist of Seed Plants Database in ACCESS G: 1-40325.

    Literature

    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    • Goldblatt in Stork & J.-P. Lebrun, Enum. Pl. Fl. Afr. Trop. 3: 89 (1996)
    • Goldblatt, Gladiolus Trop. Afr.: 298 (1996).

    Sources

    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
    'The Herbarium Catalogue, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet http://www.kew.org/herbcat [accessed on Day Month Year]'. Please enter the date on which you consulted the system.
    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0