1. Family: Poaceae Barnhart
    1. Genus: Dinochloa Buse
      1. Dinochloa kostermansiana S.Dransf.

        This species is accepted, and its native range is Lesser Sunda Islands.

    [GB]
    Habit
    Perennial; caespitose. Rhizomes short; pachymorph. Culms zigzag; 15-20 mm diam.; woody. Culm-internodes terete; thick-walled; 22-28 cm long; smooth; distally pubescent. Lateral branches dendroid. Branch complement several; with 1 branch dominant; as thick as stem. Culm-sheaths deciduous but leaving a persistent girdle; 15 cm long; smooth; glabrous; auriculate; setose on shoulders; shoulders with 12 mm long hairs. Culm-sheath ligule lacerate. Culm-sheath blade narrowly ovate; reflexed; 9 cm long; 15 mm wide; glabrous on surface. Leaf-sheaths glabrous on surface, or pubescent. Leaf-sheath oral hairs setose. Leaf-sheath auricles erect. Ligule an eciliate membrane; lacerate. Leaf-blade base asymmetrical; with a brief petiole-like connection to sheath. Leaf-blades lanceolate; 11-24 cm long; 15-40 mm wide. Leaf-blade surface smooth; glabrous. Leaf-blade apex acuminate.
    Inflorescences
    Synflorescence bractiferous; clustered at the nodes; in globose clusters; glabrous on internodes, or pubescent on internodes; with glumaceous subtending bracts; with axillary buds at base of spikelet; prophyllate below lateral spikelets; leafless between branches; 60 cm long overall. Fertile spikelets sessile.
    Spikelets
    Spikelets comprising 1 fertile florets; without rhachilla extension. Spikelets oblong; laterally compressed; 2 mm long; breaking up at maturity; disarticulating below each fertile floret.
    Fertile
    Spikelets comprising 1 fertile florets; without rhachilla extension. Spikelets oblong; laterally compressed; 2 mm long; breaking up at maturity; disarticulating below each fertile floret.
    Glume
    Glumes several; 3-4 empty glumes; persistent; shorter than spikelet. Lower glume oblate. Lower glume apex truncate. Upper glume oblate. Upper glume apex truncate.
    Florets
    Fertile lemma oblong; 2 mm long; coriaceous; without keel. Lemma apex truncate. Palea involute; coriaceous; without keels.
    Flowers
    Lodicules absent. Anthers 6; anther tip apiculate. Stigmas 3. Ovary umbonate; glabrous.
    Fruits
    Caryopsis with fleshy pericarp; orbicular; isodiametric; smooth; glabrous. Endosperm evanescent.
    Distribution
    Asia-tropical: Malesia.
    Reference
    Bambuseae. Dransfield 1995.

    Images

    Distribution

    Native to:

    Lesser Sunda Is.

    Dinochloa kostermansiana S.Dransf. appears in other Kew resources:

    Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
    Jan 1, 1991 Kostermans, A.J.G.H. [22142], Lesser Sunda Is. K000290661 holotype
    Jan 1, 1991 Kostermans, A.J.G.H. [22142], Lesser Sunda Is. K000290662 isotype
    Jan 1, 1991 Kostermans, A.J.G.H. [22142], Lesser Sunda Is. K000290663 isotype
    Jan 1, 1991 Kostermans, A.J.G.H. [22142], Lesser Sunda Is. K000290664 isotype

    First published in Kew Bull. 51: 108 (1996)

    Accepted by

    • Clayton, W.D., Harman, K.T. & Williamson, H. (2006). World Grass Species - Synonymy database The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.

    Sources

    GrassBase - The Online World Grass Flora
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
    'The Herbarium Catalogue, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet http://www.kew.org/herbcat [accessed on Day Month Year]'. Please enter the date on which you consulted the system.
    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2020. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2020. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0