1. Family: Poaceae Barnhart
    1. Genus: Dinochloa Buse
      1. Dinochloa malayana S.Dransf.

        This species is accepted, and its native range is Peninsula Thailand to Peninsula Malaysia.

    [GB]
    Habit
    Perennial; caespitose. Rhizomes short; pachymorph. Culms zigzag; 7-10 mm diam.; woody. Culm-internodes terete; thick-walled, or solid; 10-20 cm long; antrorsely scabrous; distally hispid. Lateral branches dendroid. Branch complement several; with 1 branch dominant; as thick as stem. Culm-sheaths 7-9 cm long; purple; antrorsely scabrous; hispid; without auricles. Culm-sheath ligule entire. Culm-sheath blade lanceolate; erect, or reflexed; 2-5 cm long; 5 mm wide; pubescent; attenuate. Leaf-sheaths glabrous on surface. Leaf-sheath oral hairs ciliate. Leaf-sheath auricles absent. Ligule an eciliate membrane. Leaf-blade base with a brief petiole-like connection to sheath. Leaf-blades lanceolate; 6-20 cm long; 15-50 mm wide. Leaf-blade surface smooth; glabrous. Leaf-blade apex acuminate.
    Inflorescences
    Synflorescence bractiferous; clustered at the nodes; in globose clusters; glabrous on internodes, or hispidulous on internodes; with glumaceous subtending bracts; with axillary buds at base of spikelet; prophyllate below lateral spikelets; leafless between branches; 110 cm long overall. Fertile spikelets sessile.
    Spikelets
    Spikelets comprising 1 fertile florets; without rhachilla extension. Spikelets oblong; laterally compressed; 2.5-3 mm long; breaking up at maturity; disarticulating below each fertile floret.
    Fertile
    Spikelets comprising 1 fertile florets; without rhachilla extension. Spikelets oblong; laterally compressed; 2.5-3 mm long; breaking up at maturity; disarticulating below each fertile floret.
    Glume
    Glumes two; persistent; shorter than spikelet. Lower glume oblate. Lower glume apex truncate. Upper glume oblate. Upper glume apex truncate.
    Florets
    Fertile lemma oblong; 2.5-3 mm long; coriaceous; without keel. Lemma apex truncate. Palea involute; coriaceous; without keels.
    Flowers
    Lodicules absent. Anthers 6; anther tip apiculate. Stigmas 3. Ovary umbonate; glabrous.
    Fruits
    Caryopsis with fleshy pericarp; orbicular; isodiametric; smooth; glabrous. Endosperm evanescent.
    Distribution
    Asia-tropical: Indo-China and Malesia.
    Reference
    Bambuseae. Dransfield 1995.

    Images

    Distribution

    Native to:

    Malaya, Thailand

    Dinochloa malayana S.Dransf. appears in other Kew resources:

    Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
    Mar 31, 2004 Middleton, D.J., et al. [2074], Thailand K000682026
    Apr 1, 1993 Ridley, H.N. [3112], Peninsular Malaysia K000290650 isotype
    Apr 1, 1993 Kerr, A.F.G. [11959], Thailand K000631409
    Apr 1, 1993 Kerr, A.F.G. [11959], Thailand K000631410
    Apr 1, 1993 Kerr, A.F.G. [11959], Thailand K000631411
    Apr 1, 1993 Kerr, A.F.G. [11959], Thailand K000631412
    Apr 1, 1993 Hansen, B. [12200], Thailand K000682015
    Apr 1, 1993 Niyomdham, C. [2219], Thailand K000682020
    Apr 1, 1993 Niyomdham, C. [2219], Thailand K000682013
    Apr 1, 1993 Niyomdham, C. [2219], Thailand K000682014
    Apr 1, 1993 Boonnak, D. [s.n.], Thailand K000682016
    Ridley, H.N. [3112], Peninsular Malaysia K000290649 holotype
    Dransfield, S. [SD 1417], Thailand K000682017
    Dransfield, S. [SD 1417], Thailand K000682018
    Dransfield, S. [SD 1417], Thailand K000682019
    Dransfield, S. [SD 1412], Thailand K000682021
    Dransfield, S. [SD 1412], Thailand K000682022
    Dransfield, S. [SD 1425], Thailand K000682023
    Dransfield, S. [SD 1425], Thailand K000682024
    Dransfield, S. [SD 1425], Thailand K000682025
    Dransfield, S. [SD 1397], Thailand K000682027
    Dransfield, S. [SD 1397], Thailand K000682028
    Dransfield, S. [SD 1401], Thailand K000682029
    Dransfield, S. [SD 1401], Thailand K000682030
    Dransfield, S. [SD 1403], Thailand K000682031
    Dransfield, S. [SD 1403], Thailand K000682032
    Dransfield, S. [SD 1403], Thailand K000682033
    Dransfield, S. [SD 1388], Thailand K000682034
    Dransfield, S. [SD 1388], Thailand K000682035
    Dransfield, S. [SD 1388], Thailand K000682036
    Dransfield, S. [SD 1389], Thailand K000682037
    Dransfield, S. [SD 1389], Thailand K000682038
    Dransfield, S. [SD 1389], Thailand K000682039
    Dransfield, S. [SD1389], Thailand K000795405

    First published in Kew Bull. 51: 110 (1996)

    Accepted by

    • Clayton, W.D., Harman, K.T. & Williamson, H. (2006). World Grass Species - Synonymy database The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Turner, I.M. (1995 publ. 1997). A catalogue of the Vascular Plants of Malaya Gardens' Bulletin Singapore 47(2): 347-655.

    Literature

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    • Turner, I.M. (1995 publ. 1997). A catalogue of the Vascular Plants of Malaya Gardens' Bulletin Singapore 47(2): 347-655.

    Sources

    GrassBase - The Online World Grass Flora
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
    'The Herbarium Catalogue, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet http://www.kew.org/herbcat [accessed on Day Month Year]'. Please enter the date on which you consulted the system.
    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2020. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2020. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0