1. Family: Poaceae Barnhart
    1. Genus: Dinochloa Buse
      1. Dinochloa oblonga S.Dransf.

        This species is accepted, and its native range is Philippines (Palawan).

    [GB]
    Habit
    Perennial; caespitose. Rhizomes short; pachymorph. Culms zigzag; 10-19 mm diam.; woody. Culm-internodes terete; solid; 17 cm long; smooth; distally pruinose, or glabrous. Lateral branches dendroid. Branch complement several; with 1 branch dominant; as thick as stem. Culm-sheaths 16-18 cm long; smooth; glabrous; auriculate; with 8-12 mm high auricles; with 2-3 mm wide auricles; setose on shoulders; shoulders with 10-12 mm long hairs. Culm-sheath ligule 1 mm high; entire, or ciliolate. Culm-sheath blade narrowly ovate; cordate; erect, or reflexed; 10-15 cm long; 10-18 mm wide; glabrous on surface; acuminate. Leaf-sheaths glabrous on surface, or pubescent. Leaf-sheath oral hairs ciliate; 5-7 mm long. Leaf-sheath auricles erect; 2 mm long. Ligule an eciliate membrane. Leaf-blade base with a brief petiole-like connection to sheath. Leaf-blades lanceolate; 18-26 cm long; 25-55 mm wide. Leaf-blade surface smooth; glabrous. Leaf-blade apex acuminate.
    Inflorescences
    Synflorescence bractiferous; clustered at the nodes; in oblong clusters; glabrous on internodes; with glumaceous subtending bracts; with axillary buds at base of spikelet; prophyllate below lateral spikelets; leafless between branches; 30 cm long overall. Fertile spikelets sessile.
    Spikelets
    Spikelets comprising 1 fertile florets; without rhachilla extension. Spikelets oblong; laterally compressed; 2.5-3 mm long; breaking up at maturity; disarticulating below each fertile floret.
    Fertile
    Spikelets comprising 1 fertile florets; without rhachilla extension. Spikelets oblong; laterally compressed; 2.5-3 mm long; breaking up at maturity; disarticulating below each fertile floret.
    Glume
    Glumes several; 2-3 empty glumes; persistent; shorter than spikelet. Lower glume oblate. Lower glume apex truncate. Upper glume oblate. Upper glume apex truncate.
    Florets
    Fertile lemma oblong; 2 mm long; coriaceous; without keel; 7 -veined. Lemma apex acute. Palea involute; 2 mm long; coriaceous; 6 -veined; without keels.
    Flowers
    Lodicules absent. Anthers 6; anther tip apiculate. Stigmas 3. Ovary umbonate; glabrous.
    Fruits
    Caryopsis with fleshy pericarp; oblong; isodiametric; 12 mm long; smooth; glabrous. Endosperm evanescent.
    Distribution
    Asia-tropical: Malesia.
    Reference
    Bambuseae. Dransfield 1995.

    Images

    Distribution

    Native to:

    Philippines

    Dinochloa oblonga S.Dransf. appears in other Kew resources:

    Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
    Mar 5, 1991 Dransfield, J. [6185], Philippines K000291008 isotype
    Mar 5, 1991 Dransfield, J. [6185], Philippines K000291009 isotype

    First published in Kew Bull. 51: 113 (1996)

    Accepted by

    • Clayton, W.D., Harman, K.T. & Williamson, H. (2006). World Grass Species - Synonymy database The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.

    Sources

    GrassBase - The Online World Grass Flora
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
    'The Herbarium Catalogue, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet http://www.kew.org/herbcat [accessed on Day Month Year]'. Please enter the date on which you consulted the system.
    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2020. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2020. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0