1. Family: Euphorbiaceae Juss.
    1. Genus: Sclerocroton Hochst.
      1. Sclerocroton cornutus (Pax) Kruijt & Roebers

        This species is accepted, and its native range is Liberia to Ivory Coast, W. Central & S. Tropical Africa.

    [FZ]

    Euphorbiaceae, A. Radcliffe-Smith. Flora Zambesiaca 9:4. 1996

    Habit
    A shrub or small tree 1–4 m tall, sometimes taller, usually glabrous, monoecious.
    Twigs
    Twigs brownish, longitudinally furrowed.
    Leaves
    Leaves petiolate, the petioles 2–10 mm long, adaxially canaliculate; leaf blades 2.5–10(15) × 1–4(5) cm, elliptic, elliptic-lanceolate, elliptic-oblong or elliptic-ovate, subacutely or obtusely shortly acuminate at the apex, cuneate to rounded or truncate to shallowly cordulate at the base, serrate or serrulate with forwardly directed teeth, with 1–2 glands towards the base, and sometimes also with other glands not far from the margin, firmly chartaceous to thinly coriaceous; lateral nerves in 10–15(20) pairs, scarcely prominent above or beneath.
    Stipules
    Stipules 3–5 mm long, narrowly linear, auriculate and laciniate on one side at the base, ciliate, soon deciduous.
    Inflorescences
    Inflorescences terminal or leaf-opposed, 3–10(16) cm long, scarcely pedunculate, all male or with 1(2) female flowers at the base; male bracts broad, somewhat 3-lobed, the median lobe narrowly acuminate, denticulate-ciliolate, with 1 large discoid gland on each side towards the base, sometimes accompanied by a smaller one, many-flowered; female bracts 3-partite, larger than the males; bracteoles minute.
    Flowers
    Male flowers: pedicels 1.5 mm long; calyx lobes 3(4), 0.7–1 mm long, broadly ovate, irregularly denticulate, greenish-yellow; stamens 2–3, free, very short. Female flowers: pedicels 3–5(10) mm long, extending to 1.5–2 cm in fruit; calyx lobes 3(4), triangular, alternating with sessile discoid glands, otherwise as in the males; ovary 2 mm in diameter, 3-lobed, each lobe bearing 2 falcate appendages 2 mm long; styles 3, 7–8 mm long, connate in the lower quarter.
    Male
    Male flowers: pedicels 1.5 mm long; calyx lobes 3(4), 0.7–1 mm long, broadly ovate, irregularly denticulate, greenish-yellow; stamens 2–3, free, very short.
    Female
    Female flowers: pedicels 3–5(10) mm long, extending to 1.5–2 cm in fruit; calyx lobes 3(4), triangular, alternating with sessile discoid glands, otherwise as in the males; ovary 2 mm in diameter, 3-lobed, each lobe bearing 2 falcate appendages 2 mm long; styles 3, 7–8 mm long, connate in the lower quarter.
    Fruits
    Fruit 1–1.5 × 1.5–2 cm, 3-lobed, septicidally dehiscent into 3 bivalved cocci, each valve bearing an obliquely triangular appendage (2)4–5 mm long; exocarp reddish or blackish, not separating from the 3–4 mm thick woody endocarp.
    Seeds
    Seeds 6–7 × 4–5 mm, ovoid-ellipsoid, smooth, shiny, pale grey mottled blackish, ecarunculate.
    [FWTA]

    Euphorbiaceae, Hutchinson and Dalziel. Flora of West Tropical Africa 1:2. 1958

    Habit
    A forest shrub, to 10 ft. high
    Inflorescences
    Spikes pendulous red
    Fruits
    Fruits reddish.

    Distribution

    Native to:

    Angola, Cameroon, Central African Repu, Congo, Equatorial Guinea, Gabon, Gulf of Guinea Is., Ivory Coast, Liberia, Mozambique, Zambia, Zaïre, Zimbabwe

    Sclerocroton cornutus (Pax) Kruijt & Roebers appears in other Kew resources:

    Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
    Mar 1, 2010 Darbyshire, I. [317], Cameroon K000678396

    First published in Biblioth. Bot. 146: 20 (1996)

    Accepted by

    • Figueiredo, E., Paiva, J., Stévart, T., Oliveira, F. & Smith, G.F. (2011). Annotated catalogue of the flowering plants of São Tomé and Príncipe Bothalia 41: 41-82.
    • Sosef, M.S.M. & al. (2006). Check-list des plantes vasculaires du Gabon Scripta Botanica Belgica 35: 1-438.
    • Calane da Silva, M., Izdine, S. & Amuse, A.B. (2004). A Preliminary Checklist of the Vascular Plants of Mozambique: 1-184. SABONET, Pretoria.
    • Harris, D.J. (2002). The vascular plants of the Dzanga-Sangha Reserve, Central African Republic: 1-274. National Botanic Garden (Belgium), Meise.
    • Govaerts, R., Frodin, D.G. & Radcliffe-Smith, A. (2000). World Checklist and Bibliography of Euphorbiaceae (and Pandaceae) 1-4: 1-1622. The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.

    Literature

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    • Jongkind, C. (2014). Fauna & Flora of Liberia, flowering plant species list www.liberianfaunaflora.org.
    • Figueiredo, E., Paiva, J., Stévart, T., Oliveira, F. & Smith, G.F. (2011). Annotated catalogue of the flowering plants of São Tomé and Príncipe Bothalia 41: 41-82.
    • Calane da Silva, M., Izdine, S. & Amuse, A.B. (2004). A Preliminary Checklist of the Vascular Plants of Mozambique: 1-184. SABONET, Pretoria.
    • Harris, D.J. (2002). The vascular plants of the Dzanga-Sangha Reserve, Central African Republic: 1-274. National Botanic Garden (Belgium), Meise.

    Sources

    Flora Zambesiaca
    Flora Zambesiaca
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Flora of West Tropical Africa
    Flora of West Tropical Africa
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
    'The Herbarium Catalogue, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet http://www.kew.org/herbcat [accessed on Day Month Year]'. Please enter the date on which you consulted the system.

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0