1. Family: Iridaceae Juss.
    1. Genus: Gladiolus Tourn. ex L.
      1. Gladiolus usambarensis Marais ex Goldblatt

        This species is accepted, and its native range is SE. Kenya to Tanzania.

    [FTEA]

    Iridaceae, Peter Goldblatt. Flora of Tropical East Africa. 1996

    Habit
    Plants 20-40 cm. high, erect or inclined to trailing from cliffs.
    Corms
    Corm 1.5-2 cm. in diameter, the tunics membranous to coriaceous, reddish brown.
    Leaves
    Leaves 4-6(-or more), the lower 3-5 basal, reaching at least to the base of the spikes, or slightly exceeding them, narrowly lanceolate to ± linear, 5-12 mm. wide, firm-textured, the midribs raised, the upper leaves cauline and progressively reduced in size.
    Stem
    Stem erect or trailing, unbranched, 2-2.5 mm. in diameter at the base of the spike.
    Inflorescences
    Spike (2-)3-8-flowered, straight or lightly flexuose; bracts green, 2-3(-5) cm. long, the inner ± 2/3 as long as the outer.
    Flowers
    Flowers zygomorphic, usually white, or pale pink, greenish on the reverse of the tube, the lower 3 tepals each with a narrow red stripe in the lower midline and yellow in the throat; perianth-tube 3.5-5(-6) cm. long, straight, slender below, widening slightly in the upper part; tepals subequal, lanceolate, the lower laterals slightly smaller than the others, 3-3.2 × 1.2-1.4 cm., directed forward and gradually curved outward in the upper half.
    Stamens
    Filaments ± 1.6 cm. long, exserted ± 7 mm. from the tube; anthers ± 8 mm. long.
    Style
    Style straight and held above the stamens, dividing shortly beyond the anther-apices, the branches ± 4 mm. long.
    Fruits
    Capsules obovoid, (1.1-)2-2.5 cm. long.
    Figures
    Fig. 15/2-3.
    Habitat
    Mainly in montane habitats, in rocky sites, sometimes on cliffs; generally above 2000 m. in Tanzania, 1200-2200 m. in Kenya; flowering almost any month but evidently more often September to November
    Distribution
    K7 T2 T3 T6 not known elsewhere

    Images

    Distribution

    Native to:

    Kenya, Tanzania

    Gladiolus usambarensis Marais ex Goldblatt appears in other Kew resources:

    Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
    Jul 3, 1996 Chuwa, S. [89034], Tanzania K000239487
    Jan 1, 1995 Bally, P.R.O. [2321], Tanzania K000239481
    Jan 1, 1995 Bally [13579], Kenya K000239475
    Jan 1, 1994 Greenway, P.J. [7537], Tanzania K000239482
    Jan 1, 1994 Drummond, R.B. [2852], Tanzania K000320750 holotype
    Jan 1, 1994 Eggeling, W.J. [6706], Tanzania K000239479
    Jan 1, 1994 Gillman, H. [938], Tanzania K000239478
    Jan 1, 1994 Dale, I.R. [3839], Kenya K000239476
    Jan 1, 1994 Herlocker, D. [405], Tanzania K000239480
    Jan 1, 1993 Greenway, P.J. [7035], Tanzania K000239483
    Jan 1, 1993 Archer, P.G. [547], Kenya K000239474
    Jan 1, 1993 Woodruff [s.n.], Tanzania K000239484
    Jan 1, 1993 Grant, D.K.S. [24], Tanzania K000239485
    Jan 1, 1993 Boy, J. [8840], Kenya K000239477
    Jan 1, 1993 Turner, K. [12944], Tanzania K000239486

    First published in Gladiolus Trop. Afr.: 189 (1996)

    Accepted by

    • Govaerts, R. (2003). World Checklist of Seed Plants Database in ACCESS G: 1-40325.

    Literature

    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    • Goldblatt, Gladiolus Trop. Afr.: 189 (1996).

    Sources

    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
    'The Herbarium Catalogue, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet http://www.kew.org/herbcat [accessed on Day Month Year]'. Please enter the date on which you consulted the system.
    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0