1. Family: Arecaceae Bercht. & J.Presl
    1. Genus: Bactris Jacq. ex Scop.
      1. Bactris grayumii de Nevers & A.J.Hend.

        This species is accepted, and its native range is Central America.

    [PW]
    Distribution
    Nicaragua (Chontales, Zelaya) and Costa Rica (Limón). Lowland rain forest at 1-280 m elevation.
    General Description
    Stems cespitose, 1.5-3.5 m tall, 2.2-3 cm diam., usually spiny on internodes. Leaves 4-9; leaf spines scattered, black, terete, to 6 cm long, few on sheath, petiole, and abaxial surface of rachis; sheath 20-29 cm long; ocrea not seen; petiole 40-45 cm long; rachis 29-70 cm long; blade usually simple and deeply bifid, cOncave, thick and leathery, strongly plicate, with prominent veins adaxially, occasionally irregularly pinnate; blade to 1 m long, 36-38 cm wide at apex of rachis, when pinnate the pinnae 55-90 x 2.5-10 cm (the apical one much wider). Inflorescences interfoliar; peduncle 10-11 cm long, strongly recurved, glabrous or spiny; prophyll 11-12 cm long; peduncular bract 23-27 cm long, sparsely covered with short black spines to 0.5 cm long, occasionally almost glabrous; rachis 1.8-3 cm long; rachillae 18-25, 5-6 cm long; triads irregularly arranged among paired or solitary staminate flowers; staminate flowers not seen; pistillate flowers to 3.5 mm long; calyx annular, to 1 mm long; corolla urceolate, to 3 mm long; staminodes absent; fruits 1.1-1.3 x 0.9-1.1 cm, obovoid, bluntly rostrate, orange; mesocarp mealy; endocarp turbinate, the sterile pores displaced longitudinally; endocarp fibers few, free, terete; fruiting perianth with a minutely 3-lobed calyx and truncate corolla, without staminodial ring.

    Distribution

    Native to:

    Costa Rica, Nicaragua

    Bactris grayumii de Nevers & A.J.Hend. appears in other Kew resources:

    First published in Proc. Calif. Acad. Sci., ser. 4, 49: 188 (1996)

    Accepted by

    • Govaerts, R. & Dransfield, J. (2005). World Checklist of Palms: 1-223. The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Hammel, B.E. & al. (2003). Manual de Plantas de Costa Rica 2: 1-694. Missouri Botanical Garden Press, St. Louis.
    • Stevens, W.D., Ulloa U., C., Pool, A. & Montiel, O.M. (2001). Flora de Nicaragua Monographs in Systematic Botany from the Missouri Botanical Garden 85: i-xlii, 1-2666.
    • Govaerts, R. (1996). World Checklist of Seed Plants 2(1, 2): 1-492. MIM, Deurne.

    Literature

    Palmweb - Palms of the World Online
    • Henderson, A.J., Bactris (Palmae) in Flora Neotropica Monographs 79. 2000

    Sources

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Palmweb - Palms of the World Online
    Palmweb 2011. Palmweb: Palms of the World Online. Published on the internet http://www.palmweb.org. Accessed on 21/04/2013
    Content licensed under Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 3.0 Unported License http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0