1. Family: Arecaceae Bercht. & J.Presl
    1. Genus: Bactris Jacq. ex Scop.
      1. Bactris timbuiensis H.Q.B.Fern.

        This species is accepted, and its native range is Brazil (Espírito Santo).

    [PW]

    ,

    General Description
    Stems cespitose, to 4.5 m tall, 2.5-3.7 cm diam., spiny. Leaves 3-5; leaf spines black or dark brown, terete, to 8 cm long, dense on sheath and lateral surfaces of petiole, fewer on rachis; sheath to 30 cm long; ocrea not seen; petiole 32-83 cm long, petiole and rachis brown-tomentose; rachis 0.8-1.6 m long; pinnae 33-46 per side, regularly arranged, spreading in one plane, linear to slightly sigmoid; middle pinnae 35-60 x 1.6-2.3 cm. Inflorescences interfoliar; peduncle to 9 cm long, recurved, flattened, spinulose; prophyll 7.5-12 cm long; peduncular bract 18-27 cm long, densely covered with black or brown spines to 1.8 cm long; rachis 1.8-3.2 cm long, densely spinulose; rachillae 32-40, filamentous, crowded on rachis, 3.3-5 cm long, at anthesis tomentose; triads more or less regularly arranged (but often with solitary staminate flowers interspersed) on proximal ca. half or more of rachillae, and there tending to be absent from adaxial side of rachillae (paired or solitary staminate flowers only on distal ca. half of rachillae); staminate flowers 3.5-4.5 mm long; sepal lobes 1.2-1.8 mm long; petals 3.8-4 mm long; stamens 6; pistillode small or absent; pistillate flowers 3.8-4.8 mm long; calyx cupular, 0.9-1.2 mm long; corolla tubular, 2.4-3.3 mm long, covered with flexuous, brown spinules; staminodes 6, small; fruits 1.3-1.5 cm diam., obovoid, orange-red, glabrous; mesocarp starchy; endocarp obovoid, the sterile pores slightly displaced longitudinally; endocarp fibers few; fruiting perianth with small, 0.5 mm long calyx, and irregularly lobed, 3 mm long corolla, without staminodial ring.
    Distribution
    Atlantic coastal forest of Brazil (Espírito Santo), known only from a small area of rain forest on slopes, 600-900 m elevation.

    Distribution

    Native to:

    Brazil Southeast

    Bactris timbuiensis H.Q.B.Fern. appears in other Kew resources:

    First published in Bol. Mus. Biol. Prof. Mello-Leitão. Sér. Bot. 5: 4 (1996)

    Accepted by

    • Lorenzi, H., Noblick, L.R., Kahn, F. & Ferreira, E. (2010). Brazilian Flora Arecaceae (Palms): 1-268. Instituto Plantarum de Estudos da Flora LTDA, São Paulo, Brazil.
    • Govaerts, R. & Dransfield, J. (2005). World Checklist of Palms: 1-223. The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Govaerts, R. (1996). World Checklist of Seed Plants 2(1, 2): 1-492. MIM, Deurne.

    Sources

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Palmweb - Palms of the World Online
    Palmweb 2011. Palmweb: Palms of the World Online. Published on the internet http://www.palmweb.org. Accessed on 21/04/2013
    Content licensed under Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 3.0 Unported License http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0