1. Family: Poaceae Barnhart
    1. Genus: Dinochloa Buse
      1. Dinochloa erecta Widjaja

        This species is accepted, and its native range is Central Sulawesi.

    [GB]
    Habit
    Perennial; caespitose. Rhizomes short; pachymorph. Culms scandent; zigzag; woody. Culm-internodes terete; thick-walled, or solid; retrorsely scabrous; distally pruinose. Lateral branches dendroid. Branch complement several; with 1 branch dominant; as thick as stem. Culm-sheaths deciduous but leaving a persistent girdle (this rugose); 5.5-6 cm long; glabrous; hairy on margins; auriculate; with 2 mm high auricles; glabrous on shoulders. Culm-sheath ligule 1-1.5 mm high; entire. Culm-sheath blade narrowly ovate; constricted at base; reflexed; 4.5-5 cm long; 30-35 mm wide; glabrous on surface; acuminate. Leaf-sheaths glabrous on surface. Leaf-sheath oral hairs scanty; 10-16 mm long. Leaf-sheath auricles erect; 0.5-1 mm long. Ligule an eciliate membrane; 1 mm long. Leaf-blade base with a brief petiole-like connection to sheath. Leaf-blades lanceolate; 20.5-26.7 cm long; 24-40 mm wide. Leaf-blade apex acuminate.
    Inflorescences
    Synflorescence bractiferous; clustered at the nodes; in globose clusters; with glumaceous subtending bracts; with axillary buds at base of spikelet; prophyllate below lateral spikelets; leafless between clusters. Fertile spikelets sessile.
    Spikelets
    Spikelets comprising 1 fertile florets; without rhachilla extension. Spikelets oblong; laterally compressed; 3 mm long; breaking up at maturity; disarticulating below each fertile floret.
    Fertile
    Spikelets comprising 1 fertile florets; without rhachilla extension. Spikelets oblong; laterally compressed; 3 mm long; breaking up at maturity; disarticulating below each fertile floret.
    Glume
    Glumes two; persistent; shorter than spikelet. Lower glume ovate; 1.5-2 mm long. Lower glume apex acute; mucronate. Upper glume ovate; 1.5-2 mm long. Upper glume apex acute; mucronate.
    Florets
    Fertile lemma oblong; 2.5 mm long; coriaceous; without keel. Lemma surface glabrous. Lemma apex acute. Palea involute; 2.5 mm long; coriaceous; without keels. Palea apex acute.
    Flowers
    Anthers 6; 2 mm long; yellow. Stigmas 3.
    Fruits
    Caryopsis with fleshy pericarp. Endosperm evanescent.
    Distribution
    Asia-tropical: Malesia.
    Reference
    Bambuseae. Widjaja 2002.

    Images

    Distribution

    Native to:

    Sulawesi

    Dinochloa erecta Widjaja appears in other Kew resources:

    Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
    Jan 30, 1988 Widjaja, E.A. [3542], Sulawesi K000290669 isotype
    Jan 30, 1988 Widjaja, E.A. [3542], Sulawesi K000290670 isotype
    Jan 30, 1988 Widjaja, E.A. [3542], Sulawesi K000290667 isotype
    Jan 30, 1988 Widjaja, E.A. [3542], Sulawesi K000290668 isotype

    First published in Reinwardtia 11: 74 (1997)

    Accepted by

    • Clayton, W.D., Harman, K.T. & Williamson, H. (2006). World Grass Species - Synonymy database The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.

    Sources

    GrassBase - The Online World Grass Flora
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
    'The Herbarium Catalogue, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet http://www.kew.org/herbcat [accessed on Day Month Year]'. Please enter the date on which you consulted the system.
    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2020. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2020. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0