1. Family: Orchidaceae Juss.
    1. Genus: Dactylorhiza Neck. ex Nevski
      1. Dactylorhiza viridis (L.) R.M.Bateman, Pridgeon & M.W.Chase

        This species is accepted, and its native range is Subarctic & Subalpine Northern Hemisphere.

    Images

    Distribution

    Native to:

    Alaska, Albania, Alberta, Aleutian Is., Altay, Amur, Austria, Baltic States, Belarus, Belgium, British Columbia, Bulgaria, Buryatiya, Central European Rus, China North-Central, China South-Central, China Southeast, Chita, Colorado, Connecticut, Corse, Czechoslovakia, Denmark, East European Russia, East Himalaya, Finland, France, Føroyar, Germany, Great Britain, Greece, Iceland, Idaho, Illinois, Indiana, Inner Mongolia, Iowa, Iran, Ireland, Irkutsk, Italy, Japan, Kamchatka, Kazakhstan, Khabarovsk, Kirgizstan, Korea, Krasnoyarsk, Krym, Kuril Is., Magadan, Maine, Manchuria, Manitoba, Maryland, Masachusettes, Michigan, Minnesota, Missouri, Mongolia, Montana, Nebraska, Nepal, Netherlands, New Brunswick, New Hampshire, New Jersey, New Mexico, New York, Newfoundland, North Carolina, North Caucasus, North Dakota, North European Russi, Northwest European R, Northwest Territorie, Norway, Nova Scotia, Ohio, Ontario, Pakistan, Pennsylvania, Poland, Primorye, Prince Edward I., Qinghai, Québec, Rhode I., Romania, Sakhalin, Saskatchewan, South Dakota, South European Russi, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland, Tadzhikistan, Taiwan, Tennessee, Tibet, Transcaucasus, Turkey, Turkmenistan, Tuva, Ukraine, Utah, Vermont, Virginia, Washington, West Himalaya, West Siberia, West Virginia, Wisconsin, Wyoming, Xinjiang, Yakutskiya, Yugoslavia, Yukon

    Dactylorhiza viridis (L.) R.M.Bateman, Pridgeon & M.W.Chase appears in other Kew resources:

    Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
    Milne-Redhead, E. [5571], United Kingdom 10498.000
    Milne-Redhead, E. [2370], Austria 1412.000
    Milne-Redhead, E. [2309], Austria 1413.000
    Summerhayes, V.S. [705], United Kingdom 21588.000
    Ryan, P.J., Ireland 22539.000
    Sayers, D. [07/10/1107], Austria 1409.000
    Sayers, D. [09/10/11], Austria 5881.000
    Ross-Craig, S. [776], Ireland 1414.000
    Chase [19420], Austria 73020.000
    Chase [19421], Austria 73027.000
    Hunt, P.F. [1375], United Kingdom 22537.000
    Schilling, A.D. [64], Norway 22534.000
    Green, M.L., United Kingdom 21589.000
    Wilkinson, L.G.W., United Kingdom 21587.000
    Hutchinson, J., United Kingdom 22536.000
    Wood, J.J. [365], Italy 40940.000
    Cribb, P. [200], Italy 40642.000
    Jeans, P., United Kingdom 25974.000
    Clements, M.A. [2657], Italy 48482.000
    Norway 22535.000
    Norway 22538.000
    70512.000
    RMB/PJR [2306] 78196.000
    RMB/PJR [2281] 78197.000
    Cozzolino et al [35424/35425/35426] 78199.000
    Cozzolino et al., s.n., [35427-35431], Italy 78213.000
    Cozzolino et al, s.n. [35420-35423], Italy 78211.000
    Civeyrel et al. [31340], France 78208.000
    Coeloglossum viride 76410.000
    Summerhayes, V.S. [3135], Great Britain Coeloglossum viride K000811475
    Summerhayes, V.S. [2698], United Kingdom Coeloglossum viride K000811389
    Summerhayes, V.S. [1808], United Kingdom Coeloglossum viride K000811391
    Summerhayes, V.S. [3015], United Kingdom Coeloglossum viride K000811407
    Summerhayes, V.S. [2943], United Kingdom Coeloglossum viride K000811412
    Summerhayes, V.S. [2969], United Kingdom Coeloglossum viride K000811435
    Summerhayes, V.S. [2471], United Kingdom Coeloglossum viride K000811446
    Summerhayes, V.S. [1717], United Kingdom Coeloglossum viride K000811454
    Summerhayes, V.S. [3597], United Kingdom Coeloglossum viride K000811546
    Burtt, B.L. [778], United Kingdom Coeloglossum viride K000811539
    Meikle, R.D. [s.n.], Great Britain Coeloglossum viride K000811550
    Turrill, W.B. [s.n.], United Kingdom Coeloglossum viride K000811392
    Turrill, W.B. [s.n.], United Kingdom Coeloglossum viride K000811397
    Turrill, W.B. [s.n.], United Kingdom Coeloglossum viride K000811489
    Hepper, F.N. [525], United Kingdom Coeloglossum viride K000811499
    Smythe, E. [s.n.], United Kingdom Coeloglossum viride K000811448
    Britton, C.E. [s.n.], United Kingdom Coeloglossum viride K000811420
    Britton, C.E. [3789], United Kingdom Coeloglossum viride K000811429
    Britton, C.E. [3226], United Kingdom Coeloglossum viride K000811430
    Britton, C.E. [s.n.], United Kingdom Coeloglossum viride K000811432
    Lowne, B.T. [], Great Britain Coeloglossum viride K000811535
    Lowne, B.T. [s.n.], Great Britain Coeloglossum viride K000811436
    Lowne, B.T. [s.n.], United Kingdom Coeloglossum viride K000811425
    Russell, T.A. [s.n.], United Kingdom Coeloglossum viride K000811520
    Hunt, P.F. [1496], Great Britain Coeloglossum viride K000811515
    Hunt, P.F. [1302], United Kingdom Coeloglossum viride K000811528
    Hunt, P.F. [1512], United Kingdom Coeloglossum viride K000811516
    Kerr, F.H.W. [s.n.], United Kingdom Coeloglossum viride K000811544
    Webster, M.M. [1], United Kingdom Coeloglossum viride K000811519
    Webster, M.M. [7330], United Kingdom Coeloglossum viride K000811517
    Saunders, A. [s.n.], United Kingdom Coeloglossum viride K000811442
    Saunders, A. [s.n.], United Kingdom Coeloglossum viride K000811443
    Saunders, A. [s.n.], United Kingdom Coeloglossum viride K000811479
    Saunders, A. [s.n.], United Kingdom Coeloglossum viride K000811495
    Townsend, C.C. [s.n.], United Kingdom Coeloglossum viride K000811445
    Townsend, C.C. [s.n.], United Kingdom Coeloglossum viride K000811447
    Payne, E.M. [s.n.], United Kingdom Coeloglossum viride K000811487
    Cunningham, M.H. [s.n.], United Kingdom Coeloglossum viride K000811512
    Metcalfe, C.R. [s.n.], United Kingdom Coeloglossum viride K000811396
    Hill, A.W. [s.n.], United Kingdom Coeloglossum viride K000811394
    Taylor, P.G. [s.n.], United Kingdom Coeloglossum viride K000811452
    Martindale, G.E. [158], United Kingdom Coeloglossum viride K000811480
    Nelmes, E. [169], United Kingdom Coeloglossum viride K000811449
    Worsdell, W.C. [s.n.], United Kingdom Coeloglossum viride K000811402
    Worsdell, W.C. [s.n.], United Kingdom Coeloglossum viride K000811403
    Smith [s.n.], United Kingdom Coeloglossum viride K000811484
    Meikle, D. [s.n.], United Kingdom Coeloglossum viride K000811547
    Meikle, D. [s.n.], United Kingdom Coeloglossum viride K000811548
    Scallan, J.J. [s.n.], United Kingdom Coeloglossum viride K000811540
    Webb [s.n.], Great Britain Coeloglossum viride K000811483
    Dony, J.G. [s.n.], United Kingdom Coeloglossum viride K000811543
    Johnston, H.H. [s.n.], United Kingdom Coeloglossum viride K000811529
    Johnston, H.H. [2715], United Kingdom Coeloglossum viride K000811530
    Tracey [s.n.], United Kingdom Coeloglossum viride K000811404
    Fernald, M.L. [27870], Canada Coeloglossum viride K000796358 Unknown type material
    Arnott [s.n.], United Kingdom Coeloglossum viride K000811531
    Arnott [s.n.], United Kingdom Coeloglossum viride K000811532
    Holland [s.n.], United Kingdom Coeloglossum viride K000811413
    Wright, A. [s.n.], United Kingdom Coeloglossum viride K000811481
    Blake [s.n.], United Kingdom Coeloglossum viride K000811411
    Riddelsdell, H.J. [s.n.], United Kingdom Coeloglossum viride K000811417
    Riddelsdell, H.J. [s.n.], United Kingdom Coeloglossum viride K000811414
    Riddelsdell, H.J. [s.n.], United Kingdom Coeloglossum viride K000811416
    Riddelsdell, H.J. [s.n.], United Kingdom Coeloglossum viride K000811431
    Brewer, J.A. [s.n.], United Kingdom Coeloglossum viride K000811427
    Sherring, R.V. [s.n.], United Kingdom Coeloglossum viride K000811398
    Fraser, J. [s.n.], United Kingdom Coeloglossum viride K000811493
    Burkill, I. H. [s.n.], United Kingdom Coeloglossum viride K000811502
    McIvor, W. [s.n.], United Kingdom Coeloglossum viride K000811469
    Croall, A. [s.n.], United Kingdom Coeloglossum viride K000811507
    Hunt, P.J. [1329], United Kingdom Coeloglossum viride K000811521
    Milne-Redhead, E.W.B.H. [705], United Kingdom Coeloglossum viride K000811408
    Clarke, C.B. [842], United Kingdom Coeloglossum viride K000811401
    Clarke, C.B. [203], United Kingdom Coeloglossum viride K000811503
    Richards, R.M. [s.n.], United Kingdom Coeloglossum viride K000811470
    Gregor, A.G. [s.n.], United Kingdom Coeloglossum viride K000811421
    Waterfall, W.B. [s.n.], United Kingdom Coeloglossum viride K000811478
    Sampson, A.B. [s.n.], Great Britain Coeloglossum viride K000811457
    Last, G.V.C. [s.n.], United Kingdom Coeloglossum viride K000811536
    Cryer, J. [s.n.], United Kingdom Coeloglossum viride K000811466
    Somerville, A. [s.n.], United Kingdom Coeloglossum viride K000811511
    Hewitt, H.D. [s.n.], United Kingdom Coeloglossum viride K000811461
    Waterfall, C. [s.n.], United Kingdom Coeloglossum viride K000811537
    Bullock, A. [s.n.], United Kingdom Coeloglossum viride K000811473
    Ferreria, R.E.C. [7], Great Britain Coeloglossum viride K000811514
    Brookes, W.P. [s.n.], Great Britain Coeloglossum viride K000811455
    Vowlen, F. [s.n.], Great Britain Coeloglossum viride K000811386
    s.coll. [s.n.], United Kingdom Coeloglossum viride K000811387
    s.coll. [s.n.], United Kingdom Coeloglossum viride K000811393
    s.coll. [s.n.], United Kingdom Coeloglossum viride K000811395
    s.coll. [s.n.], United Kingdom Coeloglossum viride K000811400
    s.coll. [s.n.], United Kingdom Coeloglossum viride K000811409
    s.coll. [s.n.], United Kingdom Coeloglossum viride K000811422
    s.coll. [s.n.], United Kingdom Coeloglossum viride K000811423
    s.coll. [s.n.], United Kingdom Coeloglossum viride K000811424
    s.coll. [s.n.], United Kingdom Coeloglossum viride K000811428
    s.coll. [s.n.], United Kingdom Coeloglossum viride K000811439
    s.coll. [s.n.], United Kingdom Coeloglossum viride K000811444
    s.coll. [s.n.], United Kingdom Coeloglossum viride K000811450
    s.coll. [s.n.], United Kingdom Coeloglossum viride K000811453
    s.coll. [s.n.], United Kingdom Coeloglossum viride K000811462
    s.coll. [s.n.], United Kingdom Coeloglossum viride K000811463
    s.coll. [s.n.], United Kingdom Coeloglossum viride K000811464
    s.coll. [s.n.], United Kingdom Coeloglossum viride K000811465
    s.coll. [s.n.], United Kingdom Coeloglossum viride K000811474
    s.coll. [s.n.], United Kingdom Coeloglossum viride K000811485
    s.coll. [s.n.], United Kingdom Coeloglossum viride K000811491
    s.coll. [s.n.], United Kingdom Coeloglossum viride K000811492
    s.coll. [s.n.], United Kingdom Coeloglossum viride K000811494
    s.coll. [s.n.], United Kingdom Coeloglossum viride K000811496
    s.coll. [s.n.], United Kingdom Coeloglossum viride K000811498
    s.coll. [s.n.], United Kingdom Coeloglossum viride K000811500
    s.coll. [s.n.], United Kingdom Coeloglossum viride K000811504
    s.coll. [s.n.], United Kingdom Coeloglossum viride K000811505
    s.coll. [s.n.], United Kingdom Coeloglossum viride K000811506
    s.coll. [s.n.], United Kingdom Coeloglossum viride K000811508
    s.coll. [s.n.], United Kingdom Coeloglossum viride K000811509
    s.coll. [s.n.], United Kingdom Coeloglossum viride K000811510
    s.coll. [s.n.], United Kingdom Coeloglossum viride K000811513
    s.coll. [s.n.], United Kingdom Coeloglossum viride K000811533
    Burgess, J. [s.n.], United Kingdom Coeloglossum viride K000811467
    Bowman, J.E. [s.n.], United Kingdom Coeloglossum viride K000811534
    Tomlinson, W.J.C. [s.n.], United Kingdom Coeloglossum viride K000811551
    A.A.B. [s.n.], United Kingdom Coeloglossum viride K000811501
    Blunt [s.n.], United Kingdom Coeloglossum viride K000811456
    Biddiscombe, W. [s.n.], United Kingdom Coeloglossum viride K000811418
    Nicholls, C.W. [s.n.], United Kingdom Coeloglossum viride K000811471
    Cubitt, M. [s.n.], United Kingdom Coeloglossum viride K000811426
    Boswell-Syme, J.T.I. [s.n.], United Kingdom Coeloglossum viride K000811482
    Grubbe, J. [s.n.], United Kingdom Coeloglossum viride K000811434
    Grubbe, J. [s.n.], United Kingdom Coeloglossum viride K000811437
    Scannell, M. [s.n.], United Kingdom Coeloglossum viride K000811545
    Elms, M.E. [s.n.], United Kingdom Coeloglossum viride K000811419
    Rupell, F. [s.n.], United Kingdom Coeloglossum viride K000811388
    Hayman, S. [s.n.], United Kingdom Coeloglossum viride K000811390
    Engleheart, G.H. [s.n.], United Kingdom Coeloglossum viride K000811399
    Harthaw, G.D. [s.n.], United Kingdom Coeloglossum viride K000811406
    Ferreira, E.C. [s.n.], United Kingdom Coeloglossum viride K000811518
    Ferreira, E.C. [s.n.], United Kingdom Coeloglossum viride K000811525
    Raeburn, J.K. [s.n.], United Kingdom Coeloglossum viride K000811522
    Elton, C.E. [s.n.], United Kingdom Coeloglossum viride K000811523
    Harrison, J.W.H. [s.n.], United Kingdom Coeloglossum viride K000811524
    Harrison, J.W.H. [s.n.], United Kingdom Coeloglossum viride K000811527
    Clark, W.A. [s.n.], United Kingdom Coeloglossum viride K000811526
    Penfold, J. [s.n.], United Kingdom Coeloglossum viride K000811410
    Wright, C.H. [s.n.], United Kingdom Coeloglossum viride K000811415
    Frost, K. [s.n.], United Kingdom Coeloglossum viride K000811438
    Lewin, W. [s.n.], United Kingdom Coeloglossum viride K000811440
    Jeal, A.E. [s.n.], United Kingdom Coeloglossum viride K000811451
    Munby, H.M. [s.n.], United Kingdom Coeloglossum viride K000811468
    Arnold, L. [s.n.], United Kingdom Coeloglossum viride K000811476
    Hingston, A.M. [s.n.], United Kingdom Coeloglossum viride K000811477
    Fowler, J. [s.n.], United Kingdom Coeloglossum viride K000811486
    D.D.M.L. [s.n.], United Kingdom Coeloglossum viride K000811488
    Lane Fox [s.n.], United Kingdom Coeloglossum viride K000811490
    Stirling, A.M. [s.n.], United Kingdom Coeloglossum viride K000811497
    Harvard, H. [s.n.], United Kingdom Coeloglossum viride K000811538
    Drummond, B. [743], United Kingdom Coeloglossum viride K000811541
    Chevings, H. [s.n.], United Kingdom Coeloglossum viride K000811542
    Garratt [15], United Kingdom Coeloglossum viride K000811549

    First published in Lindleyana 12: 129 (1997)

    Accepted by

    • Bateman, R.M. & Rudall, P.J. (2018). Clarified relationship between Dactylorhiza viridis and Dactylorhiza iberica renders obsolete the former genus Coeloglossum (Orchidaceae: Orchidinae) Kew Bulletin 73(4): 1-17.
    • Lin, T.P., Liu, H.Y., Hsieh, C.F. & Wamg, K.H. (2016). Complete list of the native orchids of Taiwan and their type information Taiwania 61: 78-126.
    • Ackerfield, J. (2015). Flora of Colorado: 1-818. BRIT Press.
    • Chang, C.S., Kim, H. & Chang, K.S. (2014). Provisional checklist of vascular plants for the Korea peninsula flora (KPF): 1-660. DESIGNPOST.
    • Vij, S.P., Verma, J. & Kumar, C.S. (2013). Orchids of Himachal Pradesh: 1-275. Bishen Singh Mahendra Pal Singh, Dehra Dun.
    • Wu, Z. & Hong, D. (eds.) (2009). Flora of China 25: 1-570. Missouri Botanical Garden Press, St. Louis.
    • Govaerts, R. (2003). World Checklist of Monocotyledons Database in ACCESS: 1-71827. The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Pridgeon, A.M., Cribb, P.J., Chase, M.C. & Rasmussen, F.N. (2001). Orchidoideae (Part 1) Genera Orchidacearum 2: 1-416. Oxford University Press, New York, Oxford.

    Not accepted by

    • Devos, N., Raspé, O., Jacquemart, A.-L. & Tyteca, D. (2006). On the monophyly of Dactylorhiza Necker ex Nevski (Orchidaceae): is Coeloglossum viride (L.) Hartman a Dactylorhiza? Botanical Journal of the Linnean Society 152: 261-269. [Cited as Coeloglossum viride.]

    Literature

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    • Ackerfield, J. (2015). Flora of Colorado: 1-818. BRIT Press.
    • Dimopoulos, P., Raus, T., Bergmeier, E., Constantinidis, T., Iatrou, G., Kokkini, S., Strid, A., & Tzanoudakis, D. (2013). Vascular plants of Greece. An annotated checklist: 1-372. Botanic gardens and botanical museum Berlin-Dahlem, Berlin and Hellenic botanical society, Athens.
    • Wu, Z. & Hong, D. (eds.) (2009). Flora of China 25: 1-570. Missouri Botanical Garden Press, St. Louis.
    • Jeanmonod, D. & Schlüssel, A. (2006). Notes et contributions à la flore de Corse, XXI Candollea 61: 93-134.

    Sources

    Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
    'The Herbarium Catalogue, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet http://www.kew.org/herbcat [accessed on Day Month Year]'. Please enter the date on which you consulted the system.
    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Science Photographs
    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/